16 U.S. Code § 3143. Production of oil and gas from Arctic National Wildlife Refuge prohibited
Oil and Gas Program
“(a) Definitions.—In this section:
“(1) Coastal plain.—
The term ‘Coastal Plain’ means the area identified as the 1002 Area on the plates prepared by the United States Geological Survey entitled ‘ANWR Map – Plate 1’ and ‘ANWR Map – Plate 2’, dated October 24, 2017, and on file with the United States Geological Survey and the Office of the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior.
The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Bureau of Land Management.
“(b) Oil and Gas Program.—
“(1) In general.—
“(A) In general.—
The Secretary shall establish and administer a competitive oil and gas program for the leasing, development, production, and transportation of oil and gas in and from the Coastal Plain.
“(5) Receipts.—Notwithstanding the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 181 et seq.), of the amount of adjusted bonus, rental, and royalty receipts derived from the oil and gas program and operations on Federal land authorized under this section—
50 percent shall be paid to the State of Alaska; and
the balance shall be deposited into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
“(c) 2 Lease Sales Within 10 Years.—
“(A) In general.—
Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall conduct not fewer than 2 lease sales area-wide under the oil and gas program under this section by not later than 10 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 22, 2017].
“(B) Sale acreages; schedule.—
“(i) Acreages.—The Secretary shall offer for lease under the oil and gas program under this section—
not fewer than 400,000 acres area-wide in each lease sale; and
those areas that have the highest potential for the discovery of hydrocarbons.
“(ii) Schedule.—The Secretary shall offer—
the initial lease sale under the oil and gas program under this section not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of this Act; and
a second lease sale under the oil and gas program under this section not later than 7 years after the date of enactment of this Act.
The Secretary shall issue any rights-of-way or easements across the Coastal Plain for the exploration, development, production, or transportation necessary to carry out this section.
“(3) Surface development.—
In administering this section, the Secretary shall authorize up to 2,000 surface acres of Federal land on the Coastal Plain to be covered by production and support facilities (including airstrips and any area covered by gravel berms or piers for support of pipelines) during the term of the leases under the oil and gas program under this section.”