18 U.S. Code § 112 - Protection of foreign officials, official guests, and internationally protected persons
Based on section 255 of title 22, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Foreign Relations and Intercourse (R.S. § 4062).
Punishment provision was rewritten to make it more definite by substituting a maximum of $5,000 in lieu of the words “fined at the discretion of the court.” As thus revised this provision conforms with the first punishment provision of section 111 of this title. So, also, the greater punishment provided by the second paragraph of section 111 was added to this section for offenses involving the use of dangerous weapons.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–132, § 721(d)(1), inserted “ ‘national of the United States’,” before “and ‘official guest’ ”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–132, § 721(d)(2), inserted first sentence and struck out former first sentence which read as follows: “If the victim of an offense under subsection (a) is an internationally protected person, the United States may exercise jurisdiction over the offense if the alleged offender is present within the United States, irrespective of the place where the offense was committed or the nationality of the victim or the alleged offender.”
1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–322, § 330016(1)(K), substituted “under this title” for “not more than $5,000” before “or imprisoned not more than three years”.
Pub. L. 103–322, § 320101(b)(2), (3), inserted “, or inflicts bodily injury,” after “weapon” and substituted “under this title” for “not more than $10,000” before “or imprisoned not more than ten years”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–322, § 330016(1)(G), in concluding provisions, substituted “under this title” for “not more than $500”.
1988—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100–690 struck out “but outside the District of Columbia” after “United States”.
1978—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95–504 substituted reference to section 101(38) of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 for reference to section 101(35) of such Act.
1977—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95–163 substituted reference to section 101(35) of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 for reference to section 101(34) of such Act.
1976—Pub. L. 94–467 substituted “official guests, and internationally protected persons” for “and official guests” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–467 substituted “official guest, or internationally protected person” for “or official guest” and inserted provision including any other violent attack on the person or the liberty of such official, guest, or protected person, his official premises, private accommodation, or means of transport, or any attempt thereof, as acts subject to fine or imprisonment.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–467 restructured subsec. (b) and added pars. (2) and (3).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–467 redesignated subsec. (d) as (c), inserted “internationally protected persons”, and struck out reference to section 1116(c) of this title. Former subsec. (c), which related to punishment for intimidating or harassing demonstrations against foreign officials or any combination of two or more persons for such purposes, within one hundred feet of any buildings or premises owned by a foreign government located within the United States but outside the District of Columbia, was struck out.
Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 94–467 added subsecs. (e) and (f) and redesignated former subsecs. (d) and (e) as (c) and (d), respectively.
1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–539 substituted “Protection of foreign officials and official guests” for “Assaulting certain foreign diplomatic and other official personnel” in section catchline, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), and substituted “a foreign official or official guest” for “the person of a head of foreign state or foreign government, foreign minister, ambassador or other public minister” and “act” for “acts”.
Subsecs. (b) to (e). Pub. L. 92–539 added subsecs. (b) to (e).
1964—Pub. L. 88–493 included heads of foreign states or governments and foreign ministers.
“The Congress recognizes that from the beginning of our history as a nation, the police power to investigate, prosecute, and punish common crimes such as murder, kidnaping, and assault has resided in the several States, and that such power should remain with the States.
“The Congress finds, however, that harassment, intimidation, obstruction, coercion, and acts of violence committed against foreign officials or their family members in the United States or against official guests of the United States adversely affect the foreign relations of the United States.
“Accordingly, this legislation is intended to afford the United States jurisdiction concurrent with that of the several States to proceed against those who by such acts interfere with its conduct of foreign affairs.”
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