18 U.S. Code § 1761 - Transportation or importation
Section consolidates sections 396a and 396b of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed. Each section related to the same subject matter and defined the same offense. Section 396a of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., was enacted later and superseded section 396b of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed.
Reference to persons aiding, causing or assisting was omitted. Such persons are principals under section 2 of this title.
Reference to states, territories, specific places, etc., were omitted. This was made possible by insertion of words “interstate commerce or from any foreign country into the United States,” and by definitive section 10 of this title.
Subsection (b) was rewritten to eliminate ambiguity and uncertainty by expressly making the exceptive language apply to the entire chapter and by permitting State institutions to manufacture goods for the Federal Government and the District of Columbia and vice versa. In such subsections, the words “penal and correctional” and “penal or correctional,” preceding “institutions” and “institution,” respectively, were omitted as surplusage.
Minor changes in phraseology were made.
2011—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 112–55, § 221(1), struck out “non-Federal” after “50”.
Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 112–55, § 221(2), (3), added subsec. (d) and redesignated former subsec. (d) as (e).
1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–294, § 601(a)(7), substituted “fined under this title” for “fined not more than $50,000”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–134 inserted “or not-for-profit organizations” after “of a State”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–294, § 607(h), added subsec. (d).
1994—Pub. L. 103–322, § 330016(1)(H), which directed the amendment of this section by substituting “under this title” for “not more than $1,000”, could not be executed because the phrase “not more than $1,000” did not appear in text subsequent to amendment of subsec. (a) by Pub. L. 102–393. See 1992 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–322, § 330010(11), struck out “and” at end of par. (1), substituted semicolon for period at end of par. (2)(B), and inserted “and” at end of par. (3).
1992—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–393 substituted “$50,000” for “$1,000” and “two years” for “one year”.
1990—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–647, § 2906(1), (2), substituted “In addition to the exceptions set forth in subsection (b) of this section, this chapter shall not apply to goods, wares, or merchandise manufactured, produced, or mined by convicts or prisoners who” for “In addition to the exceptions set forth in subsection (b) of this section, this chapter shall also not apply to goods, wares, or merchandise manufactured, produced, or mined by convicts or prisoners participating in a program of not more than twenty pilot projects designated by the Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance and who” in introductory provisions, added par. (1), and redesignated former pars. (1) to (3) as (2) to (4), respectively.
Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 101–647, § 2906(3), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “reasonable charges for room and board as determined by regulations which shall be issued by the Chief State correctional officer;”.
1987—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–17 struck out subsec. (d) which read as follows: “Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, materials produced by convict labor may be used in the construction of any highways or portion of highways located on Federal-aid systems, as described in section 103 of title 23, United States Code.”
1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–473, § 223(c), inserted “, supervised release,” after “parole”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–473, § 609K(a), substituted “twenty” for “seven” and “Director of the Bureau of Justice Assistance” for “Administrator of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–473, § 609K(b), added subsec. (d).
1979—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 90–351 added subsec. (c).
Amendment by section 223(c) of Pub. L. 98–473 effective Nov. 1, 1987, and applicable only to offenses committed after the taking effect of such amendment, see section 235(a)(1) of Pub. L. 98–473, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3551 of this title.
Effective Aug. 1, 2000, all functions of Director of Bureau of Justice Assistance, other than those enumerated in section 3742(3) through (6) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, transferred to Assistant Attorney General for Office of Justice Programs, see section 1000(a)(1) [title I, § 108(b)] of Pub. L. 106–113, set out as a note under section 3741 of Title 42.
Pub. L. 101–647, title XXIX, § 2908, Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4915, which required the Secretary of Labor to submit an annual report to Congress on compliance by State Prison Industry Enhancement Certification programs with requirements set forth in section 1761(c) of this title, terminated, effective May 15, 2000, pursuant to section 3003 of Pub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance. See, also, page 123 of House Document No. 103–7.