18 U.S. Code § 670. Theft of medical products
(a)Prohibited Conduct.—Whoever, in, or using any means or facility of, interstate or foreign commerce—
embezzles, steals, or by fraud or deception obtains, or knowingly and unlawfully takes, carries away, or conceals a pre-retail medical product;
knowingly possesses, transports, or traffics in a pre-retail medical product that was involved in a violation of paragraph (1) or (2);
with intent to defraud, buys, or otherwise obtains, a pre-retail medical product that has expired or been stolen;
with intent to defraud, sells, or distributes, a pre-retail medical product that is expired or stolen; or
shall be punished as provided in subsection (c) and subject to the other sanctions provided in this section.
(b)Aggravated Offenses.—An offense under this section is an aggravated offense if—
(2) the violation—
results in serious bodily injury or death, including serious bodily injury or death resulting from the use of the medical product involved; or
is subsequent to a prior conviction for an offense under this section.
(c)Criminal Penalties.—Whoever violates subsection (a)—
if the value of the medical products involved in the offense is $5,000 or greater, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned for not more than 15 years, or both, but if the offense is an aggravated offense other than one under subsection (b)(2)(C), the maximum term of imprisonment is 20 years; and
(d)Civil Penalties.—Whoever violates subsection (a) is subject to a civil penalty in an amount not more than the greater of—
(e)Definitions.—In this section—
the term “supply chain” includes manufacturer, wholesaler, repacker, own-labeled distributor, private-label distributor, jobber, broker, drug trader, transportation company, hospital, pharmacy, or security company.
References in Text
Priority Given to Certain Investigations and Prosecutions