Exchange of information
(a) In generalThe Secretary may by regulation authorize customs officers to exchange information or documents with foreign customs and law enforcement agencies if the Secretary reasonably believes the exchange of information is necessary to—
insure compliance with any law or regulation enforced or administered by the Customs Service;
administer or enforce multilateral or bilateral agreements to which the United States is a party;
assist in investigative, judicial and quasi-judicial proceedings in the United States; and
an action comparable to any of those described in paragraphs (1) through (4) undertaken by a foreign customs or law enforcement agency, or in relation to a proceeding in a foreign country.
(b) Nondisclosure and uses of information provided
Information may be provided to foreign customs and law enforcement agencies under subsection (a) only if the Secretary obtains assurances from such agencies that such information will be held in confidence and used only for the law enforcement purposes for which such information is provided to such agencies by the Secretary.
No information may be provided under subsection (a) to any foreign customs or law enforcement agency that has violated any assurances described in paragraph (1).
(c) Government agency of NAFTA countryThe Secretary may authorize the Customs Service to exchange information with any government agency of a NAFTA country, as defined in section 3301(4) of this title, if the Secretary—
reasonably believes the exchange of information is necessary to implement chapter 3, 4, or 5 of the North American Free Trade Agreement, and
obtains assurances from such country that the information will be held in confidence and used only for governmental purposes.
(June 17, 1930, ch. 497, title IV, § 628, as added Pub. L. 99–570, title III
, § 3127, Oct. 27, 1986
, 100 Stat. 3207–89
; amended Pub. L. 103–182, title II
, § 209, Dec. 8, 1993
, 107 Stat. 2098
Transfer of Functions
For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 203(1), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6. For establishment of U.S. Customs and Border Protection in the Department of Homeland Security, treated as if included in Pub. L. 107–296 as of Nov. 25, 2002, see section 211 of Title 6, as amended generally by Pub. L. 114–125, and section 802(b) of Pub. L. 114–125, set out as a note under section 211 of Title 6.
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