20 U.S. Code § 1066b - Federal insurance for bonds
(a) General rule
Subject to the limitations in section 1066c of this title, the Secretary is authorized to enter into insurance agreements to provide financial insurance to guarantee the full payment of principal and interest on qualified bonds upon the conditions set forth in subsections (b), (c) and (d) of this section.
(b) Responsibilities of designated bonding authority
The Secretary may not enter into an insurance agreement described in subsection (a) of this section unless the Secretary designates a qualified bonding authority in accordance with sections 1066d (1) and 1066e  of this title and the designated bonding authority agrees in such agreement to—
(1) use the proceeds of the qualified bonds, less costs of issuance not to exceed 2 percent of the principal amount thereof, to make loans to eligible institutions or for deposit into an escrow account for repayment of the bonds;
(2) provide in each loan agreement with respect to a loan that not less than 95 percent of the proceeds of the loan will be used—
(A) to finance the repair, renovation, and, in exceptional cases, construction or acquisition, of a capital project; or
(A) charge such interest on loans, and provide for such a schedule of repayments of loans, as will, upon the timely repayment of the loans, provide adequate and timely funds for the payment of principal and interest on the bonds; and
(4) prior to the making of any loan, provide for a credit review of the institution receiving the loan and assure the Secretary that, on the basis of such credit review, it is reasonable to anticipate that the institution receiving the loan will be able to repay the loan in a timely manner pursuant to the terms thereof;
(5) provide in each loan agreement with respect to a loan that, if a delinquency on such loan results in a funding under the insurance agreement, the institution obligated on such loan shall repay the Secretary, upon terms to be determined by the Secretary, for such funding;
(6) assign any loans to the Secretary, upon the demand of the Secretary, if a delinquency on such loan has required a funding under the insurance agreement;
(7) in the event of a delinquency on a loan, engage in such collection efforts as the Secretary shall require for a period of not less than 45 days prior to requesting a funding under the insurance agreement;
(8) establish an escrow account—
(A) into which each eligible institution shall deposit 5 percent of the proceeds of any loan made under this part, with each eligible institution required to maintain in the escrow account an amount equal to 5 percent of the outstanding principal of all loans made to such institution under this part; and
(B) the balance of which—
(i) shall be available to the Secretary to pay principal and interest on the bonds in the event of delinquency in loan repayment; and
(9) provide in each loan agreement with respect to a loan that, if a delinquency on such loan results in amounts being withdrawn from the escrow account to pay principal and interest on bonds, subsequent payments on such loan shall be available to replenish such escrow account;
(10) comply with the limitations set forth in section 1066c of this title;
(11) make loans only to eligible institutions under this part in accordance with conditions prescribed by the Secretary to ensure that loans are fairly allocated among as many eligible institutions as possible, consistent with making loans of amounts that will permit capital projects of sufficient size and scope to significantly contribute to the educational program of the eligible institutions; and
(c) Additional agreement provisions
Any insurance agreement described in subsection (a) of this section shall provide as follows:
(1) The payment of principal and interest on bonds shall be insured by the Secretary until such time as such bonds have been retired or canceled.
(2) The Federal liability for delinquencies and default for bonds guaranteed under this part shall only become effective upon the exhaustion of all the funds held in the escrow account described in subsection (b)(8) of this section.
(3) The Secretary shall create a letter of credit authorizing the Department of the Treasury to disburse funds to the designated bonding authority or its assignee.
(4) The letter of credit shall be drawn upon in the amount determined by paragraph (5) of this subsection upon the certification of the designated bonding authority to the Secretary or the Secretary’s designee that there is a delinquency on 1 or more loans and there are insufficient funds available from loan repayments and the escrow account to make a scheduled payment of principal and interest on the bonds.
(5) Upon receipt by the Secretary or the Secretary’s designee of the certification described in paragraph (4) of this subsection, the designated bonding authority may draw a funding under the letter of credit in an amount equal to—
(A) the amount required to make the next scheduled payment of principal and interest on the bonds, less
(d) Full faith and credit provisions
Subject to subsection (c)(1) of this section the full faith and credit of the United States is pledged to the payment of all funds which may be required to be paid under the provisions of this section.
(e) Sale of qualified bonds
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a qualified bond guaranteed under this part may be sold to any party that offers terms that the Secretary determines are in the best interest of the eligible institution.
 See References in Text note below.
Source(Pub. L. 89–329, title III, § 343, formerly title VII, § 723, as added Pub. L. 102–325, title VII, § 704,July 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 743; amended Pub. L. 103–382, title III, § 360C,Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3972; renumbered title III, § 343, and amended Pub. L. 105–244, title III, §§ 301(a)(3), (4), (c)(5), 306 (b),Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1636, 1637, 1646; Pub. L. 110–315, title III, §§ 314(b), 320(2),Aug. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 3181, 3187.)
References in Text
Section 1066e of this title, referred to in subsec. (b), was repealed by Pub. L. 105–244, title III, § 306(d),Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1647.
Section was formerly classified to section 1132c–2 of this title prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 105–244.
A prior section 343 ofPub. L. 89–329was classified to section 1068 of this title prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 99–498.
2008—Subsec. (b)(8)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 110–315, § 314(b)(1)(B), inserted “within 120 days” after “loan proceeds”.
Pub. L. 110–315, § 314(b)(1)(A), which directed the substitution of “5” for “10”, could not be executed because “10” did not appear subsequent to amendment by Pub. L. 105–244, § 306(b)(1). See 1998 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (b)(12). Pub. L. 110–315, § 314(b)(2)–(4), added par. (12).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 110–315, § 320(2), inserted heading.
1998—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–244, § 301(c)(5)(A), substituted “section 1066c” for “section 1132c–3”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–244, § 301(c)(5)(B)(i), substituted “sections 1066d (1) and 1066e” for “sections 1132c–4(1) and 1132c–5” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 105–244, § 306(b)(1), substituted “5 percent” for “10 percent” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (b)(10). Pub. L. 105–244, § 301(c)(5)(B)(ii), substituted “section 1066c” for “section 1132c–3”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–244, § 301(c)(5)(B)(iii), made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to subsection (c)(1) of this section.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–244, § 306(b)(2), added subsec. (e).
1994—Subsec. (b)(8)(A). Pub. L. 103–382, § 360C(1)(A), inserted before semicolon “, with each eligible institution required to maintain in the escrow account an amount equal to 10 percent of the outstanding principal of all loans made to such institution under this part”.
Subsec. (b)(8)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 103–382, § 360C(1)(B), amended cl. (ii) generally. Prior to amendment, cl. (ii) read as follows: “when all bonds under this part are retired or canceled, shall be divided among the eligible institutions making deposits into such account on the basis of the amount of each such institution’s deposit;”.
Subsec. (b)(11). Pub. L. 103–382, § 360C(2), substituted “conditions” for “regulations”.
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment