20 U.S. Code § 1432 - Definitions
In this subchapter:
(1) At-risk infant or toddler
The term “at-risk infant or toddler” means an individual under 3 years of age who would be at risk of experiencing a substantial developmental delay if early intervention services were not provided to the individual.
The term “council” means a State interagency coordinating council established under section 1441 of this title.
(3) Developmental delay
(4) Early intervention services
The term “early intervention services” means developmental services that—
(B) are provided at no cost except where Federal or State law provides for a system of payments by families, including a schedule of sliding fees;
(C) are designed to meet the developmental needs of an infant or toddler with a disability, as identified by the individualized family service plan team, in any 1 or more of the following areas:
(D) meet the standards of the State in which the services are provided, including the requirements of this subchapter;
(iii) speech-language pathology and audiology services, and sign language and cued language services;
(x) health services necessary to enable the infant or toddler to benefit from the other early intervention services;
(F) are provided by qualified personnel, including—
(G) to the maximum extent appropriate, are provided in natural environments, including the home, and community settings in which children without disabilities participate; and
(H) are provided in conformity with an individualized family service plan adopted in accordance with section 1436 of this title.
(5) Infant or toddler with a disability
The term “infant or toddler with a disability”—
(A) means an individual under 3 years of age who needs early intervention services because the individual—
(i) is experiencing developmental delays, as measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures in 1 or more of the areas of cognitive development, physical development, communication development, social or emotional development, and adaptive development; or
(B) may also include, at a State’s discretion—
(ii) children with disabilities who are eligible for services under section 1419 of this title and who previously received services under this subchapter until such children enter, or are eligible under State law to enter, kindergarten or elementary school, as appropriate, provided that any programs under this subchapter serving such children shall include—
(I) an educational component that promotes school readiness and incorporates pre-literacy, language, and numeracy skills; and
(II) a written notification to parents of their rights and responsibilities in determining whether their child will continue to receive services under this subchapter or participate in preschool programs under section 1419 of this title.
Source(Pub. L. 91–230, title VI, § 632, as added Pub. L. 108–446, title I, § 101,Dec. 3, 2004, 118 Stat. 2744.)
A prior section 1432,Pub. L. 91–230, title VI, § 632, as added Pub. L. 105–17, title I, § 101,June 4, 1997, 111 Stat. 106, set out definitions for this subchapter, prior to the general amendment of subchapters I to IV of this chapter by Pub. L. 108–446.
Another prior section 1432,Pub. L. 91–230, title VI, § 632,Apr. 13, 1970, 84 Stat. 184; Pub. L. 98–199, §§ 3(b), 11,Dec. 2, 1983, 97 Stat. 1358, 1371; Pub. L. 99–457, title III, § 309,Oct. 8, 1986, 100 Stat. 1168; Pub. L. 100–630, title I, § 104(c),Nov. 7, 1988, 102 Stat. 3298; Pub. L. 101–476, title IV, § 402, title IX, § 901(b)(143),Oct. 30, 1990, 104 Stat. 1132, 1148; Pub. L. 102–119, § 25(b),Oct. 7, 1991, 105 Stat. 607, related to grants to State educational agencies and institutions for traineeships, prior to the general amendment of subchapters I to IV of this chapter by Pub. L. 105–17.
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