2015—Pars. (3), (4). Pub. L. 114–95, § 3004(a)(1), (2), added pars. (3) and (4) and struck out former pars. (3) and (4) which defined “community college” and “Director”, respectively.
Par. (5). Pub. L. 114–95, § 3004(a)(1), (3), redesignated par. (6) as (5) and struck out former par. (5) which defined “family education program”.
Par. (6). Pub. L. 114–95, § 3004(a)(3), redesignated par. (7) as (6). Former par. (6) redesignated (5).
Par. (7). Pub. L. 114–95, § 3004(a)(3), redesignated par. (8) as (7). Former par. (7) redesignated (6).
Par. (7)(A). Pub. L. 114–95, § 3004(a)(4), substituted “an English learner” for “a limited English proficient child” and “challenging State academic standards” for “challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards, as required by section 6311(b)(1) of this title”.
Pars. (8) to (11). Pub. L. 114–95, § 3004(a)(3), redesignated pars. (9) to (12) as (8) to (11), respectively. Former par. (8) redesignated (7).
Par. (12). Pub. L. 114–95, § 3004(a)(3), (5), redesignated par. (13) as (12) and struck out “, as defined in section 6871 of this title,” after “eligible entity” in introductory provisions. Former par. (12) redesignated (11).
Pars. (13), (14). Pub. L. 114–95, § 3004(a)(3), redesignated pars. (14) and (15) as (13) and (14), respectively. Former par. (13) redesignated (12).
2008—Par. (3). Pub. L. 110–315 substituted “the Tribally Controlled Colleges and Universities Assistance Act of 1978” for “the Tribally Controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978”.
Research Relating to Bilingual Education
Pub. L. 100–297, title VI, § 6211, Apr. 28, 1988, 102 Stat. 429, provided that:
“(a)Research and Development.—
[of Education] shall, through competitive contracts under this section, provide financial assistance for research and development proposals submitted by institutions
of higher education, private for-profit and nonprofit organizations, State
and local educational agencies, and individuals.
“(b)Authorized Activities.—Research activities authorized to be assisted under this section shall include—
studies to determine and evaluate effective models for bilingual education programs;
studies which examine the process by which individuals acquire a second language and master the subject matter skills required for grade-promotion and graduation, and which identify effective methods for teaching English and subject matter skills within the context of a bilingual education program or special alternative instructional program to students
who have language proficiencies other than English;
longitudinal studies to measure the effect of title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
[former 20 U.S.C. 3281
et seq.] on students
enrolled in programs under such title (including a longitudinal study of the impact of bilingual education programs on limited-English proficient students
using a nationally representative sample of the programs funded under such title and which provides information including data on grade retention, academic performance, and dropout rates);
studies to determine effective and reliable methods for identifying students
who are entitled to services under such title and for determining when their English language proficiency is sufficiently well developed to permit them to derive optimal benefits from an all-English instructional program;
the operation of a clearinghouse
which shall collect, analyze, and disseminate information about bilingual education and related programs (and coordinate its activities with the National Diffusion Network);
studies to determine effective methods of teaching English to adults
who have language proficiencies other than English;
studies to determine and evaluate effective methods of instruction for bilingual programs, taking into account language and cultural differences among students
studies to determine effective approaches to preservice and inservice training
taking into account the language and cultural differences of their students;
the effect of such title on the capacity of local educational agencies to operate bilingual programs following the termination of assistance under this [such] title; and
studies to determine effective and reliable methods for identifying gifted and talented students
who have language proficiencies other than English.
“(c)Consultation and Delegation of Authority.—
In carrying out the responsibilities of this section, the Secretary
may delegate authority to the Director, and in any event, shall consult with the Director, representatives of State
and local educational agencies, appropriate groups and organizations involved in bilingual education, the Committee on Labor and Human Resources [now Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions] of the Senate
, and the Committee on Education and Labor of the House of Representatives
“(d)Publication of Proposals.—
shall publish and disseminate all requests for proposals in research and development assisted under such title.
“(e)Limitation of Authority.—
Nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing the Secretary
to conduct or support studies or analyses of the content of educational textbooks.”
Information Regarding Bilingual Education
Pub. L. 100–297, title VI, § 6213, Apr. 28, 1988, 102 Stat. 429, as amended by Pub. L. 104–66, title I, § 1042(a), Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 715, provided that:
“The Secretary [of Education] shall collect data for program management and accountability purposes regarding—
a national assessment of the educational needs of children
and other persons
with limited English proficiency and of the extent to which such needs are being met from Federal, State
, and local efforts;
a plan, including cost estimates, to be carried out during the 5-year
period beginning on such date [sic], for extending programs of bilingual education and bilingual vocational and adult education
programs to all such preschool and elementary schoolchildren and other persons
of limited English proficiency, including a phased plan for the training
of the necessary teachers
and other education personnel necessary for such purpose;
a statement of the activities intended to be carried out during the succeeding period, including an estimate of the cost of such activities; and
an assessment of the number of teachers
and other educational personnel needed to carry out programs of bilingual education under such title [sic] and those carried out under other programs for persons
of limited English proficiency;
a statement describing the activities carried out thereunder designed to prepare teachers
and other educational personnel for such programs; and
the number of other educational personnel needed to carry out programs of bilingual education in the States