20 U.S. Code § 7918. Consultation with Indian tribes and tribal organizations

(a) In general

To ensure timely and meaningful consultation on issues affecting American Indian and Alaska Native students, an affected local educational agency shall consult with appropriate officials from Indian tribes or tribal organizations approved by the tribes located in the area served by the local educational agency prior to the affected local educational agency’s submission of a required plan or application for a covered program under this chapter or for a program under subchapter VI of this chapter. Such consultation shall be done in a manner and in such time that provides the opportunity for such appropriate officials from Indian tribes or tribal organizations to meaningfully and substantively contribute to such plan.

(b) Documentation

Each affected local educational agency shall maintain in the agency’s records and provide to the State educational agency a written affirmation signed by the appropriate officials of the participating tribes or tribal organizations approved by the tribes that the consultation required by this section has occurred. If such officials do not provide such affirmation within a reasonable period of time, the affected local educational agency shall forward documentation that such consultation has taken place to the State educational agency.

(c) DefinitionsIn this section:
(1) Affected local educational agencyThe term “affected local educational agency” means a local educational agency—
(A)
with an enrollment of American Indian or Alaska Native students that is not less than 50 percent of the total enrollment of the local educational agency; or
(B) that—
(i)
for fiscal year 2017, received a grant in the previous year under subpart 1 of part A of title VII [1] (as such subpart was in effect on the day before December 10, 2015) that exceeded $40,000; or
(ii)
for any fiscal year following fiscal year 2017, received a grant in the previous fiscal year under subpart 1 of part A of subchapter VI that exceeded $40,000.
(2) Appropriate officialsThe term “appropriate officials” means—
(A)
tribal officials who are elected; or
(B)
appointed tribal leaders or officials designated in writing by an Indian tribe for the specific consultation purpose under this section.
(d) Rule of constructionNothing in this section shall be construed—
(1)
to require the local educational agency to determine who are the appropriate officials; or
(2)
to make the local educational agency liable for consultation with appropriate officials that the tribe determines not to be the correct appropriate officials.
(e) Limitation

Consultation required under this section shall not interfere with the timely submission of the plans or applications required under this chapter.

References in Text

Subpart 1 of part A of title VII (as such subpart was in effect on the day before December 10, 2015), referred to in subsec. (c)(1)(B)(i), means subpart 1 of part A of title VII of Pub. L. 89–10, which was classified generally to subpart 1 (§ 7421 et seq.) of part A of subchapter VII of this chapter prior to being redesignated as subpart 1 of part A of title VI of Pub. L. 89–10 and amended by Pub. L. 114–95, title VI, §§ 6001(a), 6002(c)–(j), Dec. 10, 2015, 129 Stat. 2046–2049, 2052–2054, and transferred to subpart 1 (§ 7421 et seq.) of part A of subchapter VI of this chapter.

Effective Date

Section effective Dec. 10, 2015, except with respect to certain noncompetitive programs and competitive programs, see section 5 of Pub. L. 114–95, set out as an Effective Date of 2015 Amendment note under section 6301 of this title.



[1]  See References in Text note below.