References in Text
This subchapter, referred to in subsecs. (a)(3), (b), (c), and (g)(1), was in the original “this title”, meaning title II of Pub. L. 91–513, Oct. 27, 1970, 84 Stat. 1242, and is popularly known as the “Controlled Substances Act”. For complete classification of title II to the Code, see second paragraph of Short Title note set out under section 801 of this title and Tables.
Section 802(25) of this title, referred to in subsec. (c)(3), was redesignated section 802(26) of this title by Pub. L. 98–473, title II, § 507(a), Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 2071, and was further redesignated section 802(27) of this title by Pub. L. 99–570, title I, § 1003(b)(2), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–6.
Section 823(g) of this title, referred to in subsec. (e)(3), was redesignated section 823(h) of this title by Pub. L. 117–215, title I, § 103(a)(1), Dec. 2, 2022, 136 Stat. 2261.
2022—Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 117–328, § 1252(a), added par. (3).
Subsec. (g)(5)(A)(iii)(I)(bb). Pub. L. 117–215 substituted “823(g)” for “823(f)”.
2021—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 117–53 added par. (3).
2018—Subsec. (g)(5). Pub. L. 115–271 added par. (5).
2014—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 113–143 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
2010—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 111–273 added subsec. (g).
1993—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 103–200, § 3(b)(1), inserted “or list I chemical” after “controlled substance” in two places.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–200, § 3(b)(2), inserted “or list I chemicals” after “controlled substances” and “or chemicals” after “such substances”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–200, § 3(b)(3), inserted “or list I chemical” after “controlled substance” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 103–200, § 3(b)(4), inserted “or list I chemicals” after “controlled substances”.
1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–473 designated existing provisions as par. (1), struck out provisions relating to dispensing controlled substances, and added par. (2).
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Pub. L. 111–273, § 2, Oct. 12, 2010, 124 Stat. 2858, provided that:
“Congress finds the following:
The nonmedical use of prescription drugs
is a growing problem in the United States
, particularly among teenagers.
“(2) According to the Department of Justice’s 2009 National Prescription Drug Threat Assessment—
the number of deaths and treatment admissions for controlled prescription drugs
(CPDs) has increased significantly in recent years;
unintentional overdose deaths involving prescription opioids
, for example, increased 114 percent from 2001 to 2005, and the number of treatment admissions for prescription opioids
increased 74 percent from 2002 to 2006; and
violent crime and property crime associated with abuse and diversion of CPDs has increased in all regions of the United States
over the past 5 years.
“(3) According to the Office of National Drug Control Policy’s 2008 Report ‘Prescription for Danger’, prescription drug abuse is especially on the rise for teens—
one-third of all new abusers of prescription drugs
in 2006 were 12- to 17-year-olds;
teens abuse prescription drugs
more than any illicit drug
—more than cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine combined; and
responsible adults are in a unique position to reduce teen access to prescription drugs
because the drugs
often are found in the home.
and local law enforcement agencies have established drug
disposal programs (often called ‘take-back’ programs) to facilitate the collection and destruction of unused, unwanted, or expired medications. These programs help get outdated or unused medications off household shelves and out of the reach of children and teenagers.
However, take-back programs often cannot dispose of the most dangerous pharmaceutical drugs
medications—because Federal law does not permit take-back programs to accept controlled substances
unless they get specific permission from the Drug Enforcement Administration
and arrange for full-time law enforcement officers to receive the controlled substances
directly from the member of the public who seeks to dispose of them.
Individuals seeking to reduce the amount of unwanted controlled substances
in their household consequently have few disposal options beyond discarding or flushing the substances, which may not be appropriate means of disposing of the substances. Drug
take-back programs are also a convenient and effective means for individuals in various communities to reduce the introduction of some potentially harmful substances into the environment, particularly into water.
The goal of this Act is to encourage the Attorney General to set controlled substance
diversion prevention parameters that will allow public and private entities to develop a variety of methods of collection and disposal of controlled substances
, including some pharmaceuticals, in a secure, convenient, and responsible manner. This will also serve to reduce instances of diversion and introduction of some potentially harmful substances into the environment.”
Pub. L. 91–513, title II, § 703, Oct. 27, 1970, 84 Stat. 1283, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
(1) Any person who—
is engaged in manufacturing, distributing, or dispensing any controlled substance
on the day before the effective date of section 302
[this section], and
The provisions of section 304
[section 824 of this title
], relating to suspension and revocation of registration, shall apply to a provisional registration under this section.
“(c) Unless sooner suspended or revoked under subsection (b), a provisional registration of a person under subsection (a)(1) of this section shall be in effect until—
whichever occurs first.”