22 U.S. Code § 2321j - Authority to transfer excess defense articles
The President is authorized to transfer excess defense articles under this section to countries for which receipt of such articles was justified pursuant to the annual congressional presentation documents for military assistance programs, or for programs under part VIII of subchapter I of this chapter, submitted under section 2394 of this title, or for which receipt of such articles was separately justified to the Congress, for the fiscal year in which the transfer is authorized.
Excess defense articles may be transferred under this section without cost to the recipient country.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the delivery of excess defense articles under this section to member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) on the southern and southeastern flank of NATO, to major non-NATO allies on such southern and southeastern flank, and to the Philippines shall be given priority to the maximum extent feasible over the delivery of such excess defense articles to other countries.
Section 2392(d) of this title shall not apply with respect to transfers of excess defense articles (including transportation and related costs) under this section.
Except as provided in paragraph (2), funds available to the Department of Defense may not be expended for crating, packing, handling, and transportation of excess defense articles transferred under the authority of this section.
The President may not transfer excess defense articles that are significant military equipment (as defined in section 47(9) of the Arms Export Control Act [22 U.S.C. 2794(9)]) or excess defense articles valued (in terms of original acquisition cost) at $7,000,000 or more, under this section or under the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.) until 30 days after the date on which the President has provided notice of the proposed transfer to the congressional committees specified in section 2394–1(a) of this title in accordance with procedures applicable to reprogramming notifications under that section.
The aggregate value of excess defense articles transferred to countries under this section in any fiscal year may not exceed $500,000,000.
Documents described in subsection (a) justifying the transfer of excess defense articles shall include an explanation of the general purposes of providing excess defense articles as well as a table which provides an aggregate annual total of transfers of excess defense articles in the preceding year by country in terms of offers and actual deliveries and in terms of acquisition cost and current value. Such table shall indicate whether such excess defense articles were provided on a grant or sale basis.
For purposes of this section, the term “excess defense articles” shall be deemed to include excess property of the Coast Guard, and the term “Department of Defense” shall be deemed, with respect to such excess property, to include the Coast Guard.
 So in original. Probably should be “four-year period”.
Section 573(e) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is section 573(e) of Pub. L. 101–167, which is set out in a note below.
The Arms Export Control Act, referred to in subsec. (f)(1), is Pub. L. 90–629, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1320, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 39 (§ 2751 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2751 of this title and Tables.
A prior section 2321j, Pub. L. 87–195, pt. II, § 516, as added Pub. L. 94–329, title I, § 105, June 30, 1976, 90 Stat. 732; amended Pub. L. 95–92, §§ 5(b), 7(b), Aug. 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 615, 617; Pub. L. 95–384, § 7(b), Sept. 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 732; Pub. L. 96–92, § 5(c), Oct. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 703; Pub. L. 96–533, title I, § 112(d), Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3139, provided for termination of authorities contained in this part other than the authorities contained in sections 2318, 2321h, and 2321i of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–113, title I, § 110(d), Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1526.
2014—Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 113–276 substituted “$500,000,000” for “$425,000,000”.
2002—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 107–228 substituted “, to major non-NATO allies on such southern and southeastern flank, and to the Philippines” for “and to major non-NATO allies on such southern and southeastern flank”.
2000—Subsec. (e)(2)(C). Pub. L. 106–280 substituted “50,000” for “25,000”.
1999—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106–113, § 1000(a)(7) [title XII, § 1211(b)], inserted “and thereafter for the four-period beginning on October 1, 2000,” after “October 1, 1996,”.
Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 106–113, § 1000(a)(7) [title XII, § 1213], substituted “$425,000,000” for “$350,000,000”.
1996—Pub. L. 104–164 amended section generally, expanding geographic scope of President’s authority to transfer excess defense articles, including Coast Guard property and permitting waiver of Department of Defense reimbursement, to any country for military assistance programs or international narcotics control, so long as such transfer is preferable to sale and is consistent within congressionally documented Eastern Mediterranean policy requirements, meets certain terms of transfer requirements including preference for NATO and non-NATO allies on southern flank, complies with advance notification to Congress for certain excess defense articles, and is within aggregate annual limitations of $350,000,000 in value, for provisions which authorized President to transfer excess defense articles to predominantly NATO countries on southern flank for purpose of modernization of their defense capabilities.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104–106 added subsec. (g) which prohibited certain transfers of vessels on a grant basis.
1994—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 103–236 added par. (4).
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 103–160, § 1421, inserted “or fiscal year 1992” after “fiscal year 1991”.
1992—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–484, § 1313(4), which directed the amendment of subsec. (a) by striking “and those countries which received Foreign Military Financing (FMF) assistance in fiscal year 1990 and which, as of October 1, 1990, contributed armed forces to deter Iraqi aggression in the Arabian Gulf,”, could not be executed because that language did not appear subsequent to amendment by Pub. L. 102–391. See below.
Pub. L. 102–484, § 1313(3), inserted “and (3) to those countries which, as of October 1, 1990, contributed armed forces to deter Iraqi aggression in the Arabian Gulf, and which either received Foreign Military Financing (FMF) assistance in fiscal year 1990 or are in the Near East Region and received Foreign Military Financing (FMF) assistance in fiscal year 1991,” after “southeastern flank of NATO which are eligible for United States security assistance,”.
Pub. L. 102–484, § 1313(1), inserted “(1)” after “may transfer”.
1991—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–190, § 1049(a)(1), struck out “during the fiscal years 1987 through 1991,” before “the President may transfer”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–190, § 1049(a)(2), added subsec. (f).
1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–513, which directed amendment of subsec. (a) by inserting “and those countries which received Foreign Military Financing (FMF) assistance in fiscal year 1990 and which, as of October 1, 1990, contributed armed forces to deter Iraqi aggression in the Arabian Gulf,” after the second occurrence of the words “United States security assistance,”, was repealed by Pub. L. 102–391. See 1992 Amendment note above.
1989—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–189 substituted “during the fiscal years 1987 through 1991” for “during the fiscal years 1987, 1988, and 1989” and inserted at end “Transfers to recipient countries under this subsection shall be consistent with the policy framework for the Eastern Mediterranean region established in section 2373 of this title.”
1987—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(b) [title VIII, § 8143(a), (b), (c)(1)], in first sentence substituted “, 1988, and 1989,” for “and 1988”, inserted “, and to major non-NATO allies on the southern and southeastern flank of NATO which are eligible for United States security assistance,” after “military structure”, and inserted “excess” before “defense articles”, and in second sentence inserted “excess defense” before “articles”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(b) [title VIII, § 8143(c)(2)], in introductory text, inserted “excess” before “defense articles”.
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(b) [title VIII, § 8143(c)(2)], inserted “excess” before “defense articles”.
For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468(b), 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.
Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation act:
Pub. L. 102–190, title X, § 1049(b), Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1469, which provided that if the International Cooperation Act of 1991 was enacted and made the same amendments to this section as did section 1049(a) of Pub. L. 102–190, then the duplicative amendments enacted by section 1049(a) would not take effect, was repealed by Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title X, § 1053(7), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2502.
[For delegation of functions of President under section 573 of Pub. L. 101–567, set out above, see Ex. Ord. No. 12163, Sept. 29, 1979, 44 F.R. 56673, as amended, set out as a note under section 2381 of this title.]
Provisions similar to those appearing in section 573(e) of Pub. L. 101–167, set out above, were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:
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