22 U.S. Code § 2346 - Authority
The Congress recognizes that, under special economic, political, or security conditions, the national interests of the United States may require economic support for countries or in amounts which could not be justified solely under part I of subchapter I of this chapter or, in the case of countries in sub-Saharan Africa, part X of subchapter I of this chapter. In such cases, the President is authorized to furnish assistance to countries and organizations, on such terms and conditions as he may determine, in order to promote economic or political stability. To the maximum extent feasible, the President shall provide assistance under this part consistent with the policy directions, purposes, and programs of subchapter I of this chapter.
The Secretary of State shall be responsible for policy decisions and justifications for economic support programs under this part, including determinations of whether there will be an economic support program for a country and the amount of the program for each country. The Secretary shall exercise this responsibility in cooperation with the Administrator of the agency primarily responsible for administering subchapter I of this chapter.
As part of the annual presentation materials for foreign assistance submitted to the Congress, the agency primarily responsible for administering subchapter II of this chapter shall provide a detailed justification for the uses and the purposes of the funds provided under this part. Such material shall include, but not be limited to, information concerning the amounts and kinds of cash grant transfers, the amounts and kinds of budgetary and balance-of-payments support provided, and the amounts and kinds of project assistance provided with funds made available under this part.
Amounts appropriated to carry out this part shall be available for economic programs only and may not be used for military or paramilitary purposes.
References to subchapter I of this chapter are deemed to include parts VI (§ 2348 et seq.) and VIII (§ 2349aa et seq.) of subchapter II of this chapter, and references to subchapter II are deemed to exclude such parts. See sections 2348c and 2349aa–5 of this title.
A prior section 2346, Pub. L. 87–195, pt. II, § 531, as added Pub. L. 92–226, pt. II, § 202(a), Feb. 7, 1972, 86 Stat. 26; amended Pub. L. 95–92, § 8(a), Aug. 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 617; Pub. L. 95–384, § 10(a), Sept. 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 733; 1979 Reorg. Plan No. 2, § 6(b)(1), eff. Oct. 1, 1979, 44 F.R. 41166,93 Stat. 1379; Pub. L. 96–92, § 8(a), Oct. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 703; Pub. L. 96–533, title II, § 201, Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3142; Pub. L. 97–113, title II, § 201, Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1528, authorized President to furnish assistance to countries and organizations to promote economic or political stability, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–83, title II, § 201(a), Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 210.
1998—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–277 struck out subsec. (d) which read as follows: “To the maximum extent feasible, funds made available pursuant to this part for commodity import programs or other program assistance shall be used to generate local currencies, not less than 50 percent of which shall be available to support activities consistent with the objectives of sections 2151a through 2151d of this title, and administered by the agency primarily responsible for administering subchapter I of this chapter.”
1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–513 inserted “or, in the case of countries in sub-Saharan Africa, part X of subchapter I of this chapter” after “part I of subchapter I of this chapter”.
[For definition of “appropriate congressional committees” as used in section 1224 of Pub. L. 107–228, set out above, see section 3 of Pub. L. 107–228, set out as a note under section 2651 of this title.]
[For delegation of functions of President under section 1205(b) of Pub. L. 99–83, set out above, see Ex. Ord. No. 12163, Sept. 29, 1979, 44 F.R. 56673, as amended, set out as a note under section 2381 of this title.]