22 U.S. Code § 2346c - Administration of justice
(a) Authorization of assistance; purposes
The President may furnish assistance under this part to countries and organizations, including national and regional institutions, in order to strengthen the administration of justice in countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.
(b) Scope of assistance
Assistance under this section may only include—
(1) support for specialized professional training, scholarships, and exchanges for continuing legal education;
(2) programs to enhance prosecutorial and judicial capabilities and protection for participants in judicial cases;
(3) notwithstanding section 2420 of this title—
(A) programs to enhance professional capabilities to carry out investigative and forensic functions conducted under judicial or prosecutorial control;
(B) programs to assist in the development of academic instruction and curricula for training law enforcement personnel;
(C) programs to improve the administrative and management capabilities of law enforcement agencies, especially their capabilities relating to career development, personnel evaluation, and internal discipline procedures; and
(4) strengthening professional organizations in order to promote services to members and the role of the bar in judicial selection, enforcement of ethical standards, and legal reform;
(6) seminars, conferences, and training and educational programs to improve the administration of justice and to strengthen respect for the rule of law and internationally recognized human rights; and
(c) Availability of funds
Not more than $20,000,000 of the funds made available to carry out this part for any fiscal year shall be available to carry out this section, in addition to amounts otherwise available for such purposes.
(d) Obligation of funds
Funds may not be obligated for assistance under this section unless the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate are notified of the amount and nature of the proposed assistance at least 15 days in advance in accordance with the procedures applicable to reprogrammings pursuant to section 2394–1 of this title.
(e) Participation of Defense personnel in training prohibited; availability of funds; expiration of authority
Personnel of the Department of Defense and members of the United States Armed Forces may not participate in the provision of training under this section. Of the funds made available to carry out this section, not more than $10,000,000 may be made available in fiscal year 1991 to carry out the provisions of subsection (b)(3) of this section. The authority of this section shall expire on September 30, 1991.
Source(Pub. L. 87–195, pt. II, § 534, as added Pub. L. 99–83, title VII, § 712,Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 244; amended Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(e) [title V, § 579], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–131, 1329–181; Pub. L. 101–167, title II, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1206; Pub. L. 101–513, title II, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1990; Pub. L. 101–623, § 2(b)(6),Nov. 21, 1990, 104 Stat. 3351.)
A prior section 2346c,Pub. L. 87–195, pt. II, § 534, as added Pub. L. 97–113, title II, § 202,Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1530, prohibited the use of funds for nuclear facilities in foreign countries except under certain circumstances, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–83, title II, § 201(a),Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 210.
Another prior section 2346c,Pub. L. 87–195, pt. II, § 534, as added Pub. L. 95–384, § 10(a),Sept. 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 735; amended Pub. L. 96–92, § 8(d),Oct. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 704, provided economic support for Turkey and Cyprus in amounts of $98,000,000 and $15,000,000 for fiscal year 1980, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–533, title II, § 202,Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3142.
1990—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–623, § 2(b)(6)(A), which directed the substitution of “$10,000,000 may be made available in fiscal year 1991” for “$7,000,000 may be made available in fiscal year 1990”, was executed by making the substitution for “$7,000,000 may be made available in fiscal year 1991” to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the intervening substitution of “fiscal year 1991” for “fiscal year 1990” by Pub. L. 101–513. See below.
Pub. L. 101–623, § 2(b)(6)(B), andPub. L. 101–513, amended subsec. (e) identically, substituting “September 30, 1991” for “September 30, 1990”.
Pub. L. 101–513substituted “fiscal year 1991” for “fiscal year 1990”.
1989—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–167substituted “fiscal year 1990” for “each of fiscal years 1988 and 1989” and “September 30, 1990” for “September 30, 1989”.
1987—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(e) [title V, § 579(a)], amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: “notwithstanding section 2420 of this title, programs to enhance investigative capabilities, conducted under judicial or prosecutorial control;”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(e) [title V, § 579(b)], amended subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (e) read as follows: “The authority of this section shall expire on September 30, 1987.”
Section effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section 1301 ofPub. L. 99–83, set out as an Effective Date of 1985 Amendment note under section 2151–1 of this title.
Delegation of Functions
For delegation of functions of President under this section, see Ex. Ord. No. 12163, Sept. 29, 1979, 44 F.R. 56673, as amended, set out as a note under section 2381 of this title.
Administration of Justice Activities
Pub. L. 108–199, div. D, title V, § 536,Jan. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 183, provided that: “Of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act or any subsequent Act for ‘Economic Support Fund’, assistance may be provided to strengthen the administration of justice in countries in Latin America and the Caribbean and in other regions consistent with the provisions of section 534(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2346c (b)], except that programs to enhance protection of participants in judicial cases may be conducted notwithstanding section 660 of that Act [22 U.S.C. 2420]. Funds made available pursuant to this section may be made available notwithstanding section 534(c) and the second and third sentences of section 534(e) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2346c (c), (e)].”
Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:
Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, § 101(c) [title V, § 543], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–121, 3009–157.
Pub. L. 102–145, § 124, as added by Pub. L. 102–266, § 102,Apr. 1, 1992, 106 Stat. 97, provided that: “The program authorized by section 534 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2346c] may continue from funds appropriated by this joint resolution for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs, notwithstanding the last sentence of section 534(e) of that Act: Provided, That such programs may include the protection of participants in judicial cases, notwithstanding section 660 of that Act [22 U.S.C. 2420]: Provided further, That, notwithstanding sections 534(c) and 660 of that Act, (1) up to $10,000,000 to provide support for a professional civilian police force for Panama, except that such assistance shall not include more than $5,000,000 for the procurement of equipment for law enforcement purposes, and shall not include lethal equipment, and (2) up to $16,000,000 for Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru.”