References in Text
This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a), (d), and (e), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 87–256, Sept. 21, 1961, 75 Stat. 527, as amended, known as the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2451 of this title and Tables.
Subsec. (b), which established the United States Advisory Commission on International Educational and Cultural Affairs to replace the United States Advisory Commission on Educational Exchange, and provided for its functions and the appointment and terms of its members, and the provisions of subsecs. (e) and (f) referring to the “Commission”, were omitted pursuant to Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1977, § 9(a)(3), 42 F.R. 62461, 91 Stat. 1639, set out under section 1461 of this title, which abolished that Commission effective on or before July 1, 1978, at such time as specified by the President.
In subsec. (e), “section 1346(b) of title 31” substituted for “section 214 of the Act of May 3, 1945 (59 Stat. 134; 31 U.S.C. 691)” on authority of Pub. L. 97–258, § 4(b), Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1067, the first section of which enacted Title 31, Money and Finance.
In subsec. (e), “section 5703 of title 5” substituted for “section 5 of the Administrative Expense Act of 1946, as amended (5 U.S.C. 73b-2)” on authority of Pub. L. 89–554, § 7(b), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 631, the first section of which enacted Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
1998—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–277 repealed subsec. (c), which related to the continuation of the Advisory Committee on the Arts and the appointment, qualifications, and terms of office of its members.
1991—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 102–54 substituted “Department of Veterans Affairs” for “Veterans’ Administration”.
1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–246 substituted “board of foreign scholarships which shall be known as the ‘J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board’ ” for “Board of Foreign Scholarships”.
1979—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–60 struck from second sentence “the Board,” before “the Commission” and from cl. (ii) thereof “such Board,” before “Commission” and provided for entitlement of members of the Board to expenses and per diem in lieu of subsistence and to compensation for services not exceeding a daily rate for first step, GS–15 of General Schedule.
Effective Date of 1979 Amendment
Pub. L. 96–60, title II, § 205(b), Aug. 15, 1979, 93 Stat. 401, provided that:
“The amendments made by subsection (a) [to subsec. (e) of this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1979.”
Transfer of Functions
“Department of Education” substituted for “Office of Education” in subsec. (a), pursuant to sections 301(b)(2) and 507 of Pub. L. 96–88, which are classified to sections 3441(b)(2) and 3507 of Title 20, Education, and which transferred the Office of Education to the Department of Education.
“Director of the United States Information Agency” substituted for “Director of the International Communication Agency” in subsec. (e), pursuant to section 303(b) of Pub. L. 97–241, title III, Aug. 24, 1982, 96 Stat. 291, set out as a note under section 1461 of this title. United States Information Agency (other than Broadcasting Board of Governors and International Broadcasting Bureau) abolished and functions transferred to Secretary of State, see sections 6531 and 6532 of this title.
Functions vested in President, Secretary of State, Department of State, United States Information Agency or Director thereof under this chapter transferred to Director of International Communication Agency by section 7(a)(2) of Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1977, set out under section 1461 of this title, effective on or before July 1, 1978, at such time as specified by President, except (A) for such functions as are vested by subsec. (a) of this section, sections 2452(b)(6), (10), 2454(a), (e)(1), (2), (f), (g), 2455(a), (b), (c) and 2458 of this title, (B) for such functions as are vested by subsecs. (d) and (f) of this section, sections 2454(b) and 2455(d)(2), (f) of this title, to extent that such functions were assigned to Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare [now Secretary of Education] immediately prior to effective date of Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1977, and (C) for such functions as are vested by subsecs. (b) and (c) of this section to extent that any function therein is vested in President or Secretary of State.
Termination of Advisory Commissions and Committees
Advisory commissions or committees in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a commission or committee established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such commission or committee is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a commission or committee established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided for by law. See sections 3(2) and 14 of Pub. L. 92–463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Continued Service of Board Members
Pub. L. 101–246, title II, § 204(b), Feb. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 50, provided that:
“Each member appointed to the Board of Foreign Scholarships before the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 16, 1990] shall continue to serve for the remainder of the term to which each such member was appointed.”
References to Board of Foreign Scholarships
Pub. L. 101–246, title II, § 204(c), Feb. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 50, provided that:
“Any reference in any provision of law to the Board of Foreign Scholarships shall, on and after the date of enactment of this Act [Feb. 16, 1990], be deemed to be a reference to the J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board.”