References in Text
Section 2018(c) of the International Narcotics Act of 1986, referred to in subsec. (b)(6), means section 2018(c) of Pub. L. 99–570, known as the International Narcotics Control Act of 1986, which is set out as a note under section 2291 of this title.
This title and titles VII, XIII, XVIII, and XIX, referred to in subsecs. (b)(9), (10) and (c), are titles XVII, VII, XIII, XVIII, and XIX, respectively, of Pub. L. 95–118. Title VII enacted sections 262d and 262e of this title, repealed sections 283y, 284m, and 290g–9 of this title, and enacted provisions set out as a note under section 262c of this title. Title XIII is classified to sections 262m to 262m–8 of this title. Title XVII is classified to sections 262r to 262r–5 of this title. Title XVIII is classified to sections 262s to 262s–2 of this title. Title XIX is classified to section 262t of this title. For complete classification of these titles to the Code, see Tables.
Section 262d(c) of this title, referred to in subsec. (b)(9), was repealed by Pub. L. 113–188, title XVI, § 1601(b), Nov. 26, 2014, 128 Stat. 2025.
Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1965, referred to in subsec. (d), is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
1998—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–277 added subsec. (e).
1996—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 104–208 inserted “Bank for Economic Cooperation and Development in the Middle East and North Africa,” after “Inter-American Development Bank”.
1990—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 101–513 inserted “European Bank for Reconstruction and Development,” before “International Development Association,”.
Change of Name
Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs of House of Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House of Representatives by section 1(a) of Pub. L. 104–14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2, The Congress. Committee on Banking and Financial Services of House of Representatives abolished and replaced by Committee on Financial Services of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally transferred from Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.
Contents of Reports; Applicability of Statutory Requirements
Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(d) [title V, § 583], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–150, 2681–202, provided that:
The requirements of Sections 1602(e), 1603(c), 1604(c), and 1701(b) of the International Financial Institutions Act
, as amended (Public Law 95–118
, 22 U.S.C. 262p–1
, 262p–2, 262p–3 and 262(r) [262r]), Section 2018(c) of the International Narcotics Control Act of 1986
, as amended (Public Law 99–570
, 22 U.S.C. 2291
note), Section 407(c) of the Foreign Debt Reserving Act of 1989
(Public Law 101–240
, 22 U.S.C. 2291
note), Section 14(c) of the Inter-American Development Bank Act
, as amended (Public Law 86–147
, 22 U.S.C. 283j–1(c)
), and Section 1002 of the Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992 (Public Law 102–511
) (22 U.S.C. 286
ll(b)) shall no longer apply to the contents of such annual reports.”
International Financial Institution Advisory Commission
Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(d) [title VI, § 603], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–150, 2681–220, provided that:
of the Treasury shall establish an International Financial Institution Advisory Commission
(in this section referred to as the ‘Commission
“(1)In general.—The Commission shall be composed of 11 members, as follows:
3 members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
3 members appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate.
5 members appointed jointly by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives and the Minority Leader of the Senate.
“(2)Timing of appointments.—
All appointments to the Commission
shall be made not later than 45 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 1998
The Majority Leader of the Senate
, after consultation with the Speaker of the House of Representatives
and the Minority Leaders of the House of Representatives
and the Senate
, shall designate 1 of the members of the Commission
to serve as Chairman
of the Commission.
At least 4 members of the Commission
shall be individuals who were officers or employees
of the Executive Branch before January 20, 1992
, and not more than half of such 4 members shall have served under Presidents from the same political party.
“(d)Period of Appointment; Vacancies.—
Members shall be appointed for the life of the Commission
. Any vacancy in the Commission
shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment was made.
“(e)Duties of the Commission.—The Commission shall advise and report to the Congress on the future role and responsibilities of the international financial institutions (as defined in section 1701(c)(2) of the International Financial Institutions Act [22 U.S.C. 262r(c)(2)]), the World Trade Organization, and the Bank for International Settlements. In carrying out such duties, the Commission shall meet with and advise the Secretary of the Treasury or the Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, and shall examine—
the effect of globalization, increased trade, capital flows, and other relevant factors on such institutions;
the adequacy, efficacy, and desirability of current policies and programs at such institutions as well as their suitability for respective beneficiaries of such institutions;
cooperation or duplication of functions and responsibilities of such institutions; and
other matters the Commission
deems necessary to make recommendations pursuant to subsection (g).
“(f)Powers and Procedures of the .—
or, at its direction, any panel or member of the Commission
may, for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this section, hold hearings, sit and act at times and places, take testimony, receive evidence, and administer oaths to the extent that the Commission
or any panel or member considers advisable.
may secure directly information that the Commission
considers necessary to enable the Commission
to carry out its responsibilities under this section.
“(g)Report.—On the termination of the Commission, the Commission shall submit to the Secretary of the Treasury and the appropriate committees a report that contains recommendations regarding the following matters:
Additional monitoring tools, global standards, or regulations for, among other things, global capital flows, bankruptcy standards, accounting standards, payment systems
, and safety and soundness principles for financial institutions.
Any additional changes necessary to stabilize currencies, promote continued trade liberalization and to avoid future financial crises.
shall terminate 6 months after the first meeting of the Commission
, which shall be not later than 30 days after the appointment of all members of the Commission
“(i)Reports by the Executive Branch.—
Within three months after receiving the report of the Commission
under subsection (g), the President of the United States
through the Secretary
of the Treasury shall report to the appropriate committees
on the desirability and feasibility of implementing the recommendations contained in the report.
Annually, for three years after the termination of the Commission
, the President of the United States
through the Secretary
of the Treasury shall submit to the appropriate committees
a report on the steps taken, if any, through relevant international institutions and international fora to implement such recommendations as are deemed feasible and desirable under paragraph (1).”
Progress Reports to Congress on United States Initiatives To Update Architecture of International Monetary System
Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(d) [title VI, § 606], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–150, 2681–223, provided that:
“Not later than July 15, 1999, and July 15, 2000, the Secretary of the Treasury shall report to the Chairmen and Ranking Members of the appropriate committees on the progress of efforts to reform the architecture of the international monetary system. The reports shall include a discussion of the substance of the United States position in consultations with other governments and the degree of progress in achieving international acceptance and implementation of such position with respect to the following issues:
Adapting the mission and capabilities of the International Monetary Fund to take better account of the increased importance of cross-border capital flows in the world economy and improving the coordination of its responsibilities and activities with those of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
“(2) Advancing measures to prevent, and improve the management of, international financial crises, including by—
integrating aspects of national
bankruptcy principles into the management of international financial crises where feasible; and
changing investor expectations about official rescues, thereby reducing moral hazard and systemic risk in international financial markets,
in order to help minimize the adjustment costs that the resolution of financial crises may impose on the real economy, in the form of disrupted patterns of trade, employment, and progress in living standards, and reduce the frequency and magnitude of claims on United States
Improving international economic policy cooperation, including among the Group of Seven countries, to take better account of the importance of cross-border capital flows in the determination of exchange rate relationships.
Improving international cooperation in the supervision and regulation of financial institutions and markets.
Strengthening the financial sector in emerging economies, including by improving the coordination of financial sector liberalization with the establishment of strong public and private institutions in the areas of prudential supervision, accounting and disclosure conventions, bankruptcy laws and administrative procedures, and the collection and dissemination of economic and financial statistics, including the maturity structure of foreign indebtedness.
Advocating that implementation of European Economic and Monetary Union and the advent of the European Currency Unit, or euro, proceed in a manner that is consistent with strong global economic growth and stability in world financial markets.”
Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(d) [title VI, § 607], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–150, 2681–224, as amended by Pub. L. 106–200, title IV, § 404(a), May 18, 2000, 114 Stat. 291, provided that:
“For purposes of sections 601 through 606 of this title [see Tables for classification], the term ‘appropriate committees
’ means the Committees on Appropriations, Foreign Relations, Finance, and Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate
and the Committees on Appropriations, Ways and Means, and Banking and Financial Services [now Committee on Financial Services] of the House of Representatives