22 U.S. Code § 3922a - Representation of minorities and women in Foreign Service
(a) Development of program
Source(Pub. L. 99–93, title I, § 152,Aug. 16, 1985, 99 Stat. 428; Pub. L. 100–204, title I, § 185(c)(3),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1366.)
Section was enacted as part of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987, and not as part of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 which comprises this chapter.
1987—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–204struck out subsec. (c) which read as follows: “The head of each agency utilizing the Foreign Service personnel system shall report annually to the Congress on the plan developed pursuant to this section as part of the report required to be submitted pursuant to section 3905 (d)(2) of this title. Subsequent reports pursuant to that section shall include reports on the implementation of these plans, giving particular attention to the progress being made in increasing, through advancement and promotion, the numbers of members of minority groups and women in the mid-levels of the Foreign Service.”
Report Concerning Minorities and the Foreign Service
Pub. L. 105–277, div. G, subdiv. B, title XXIII, § 2318,Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–829, provided that: “The Secretary of State shall during each of calendar years 1998 and 1999 submit a report to the Congress concerning minorities and the Foreign Service officer corps. In addition to such other information as is relevant to this issue, the report shall include the following data for the last preceding examination and promotion cycles for which such information is available (reported in terms of real numbers and percentages and not as ratios):
“(1) The numbers and percentages of all minorities taking the written Foreign Service examination.
“(2) The numbers and percentages of all minorities successfully completing and passing the written Foreign Service examination.
“(3) The numbers and percentages of all minorities successfully completing and passing the oral Foreign Service examination.
“(4) The numbers and percentages of all minorities entering the junior officers class of the Foreign Service.
“(5) The numbers and percentages of all minority Foreign Service officers at each grade.
“(6) The numbers of and percentages of minorities promoted at each grade of the Foreign Service officer corps.”
Mid-Level Women and Minority Placement Program
“(a) Purpose.—It is the purpose of this section to promote the acquisition and retention of highly qualified, trained, and experienced women and minority personnel within the Foreign Service, to provide the maximum opportunity for the Foreign Service to meet staffing needs and to acquire the services of experienced and talented women and minority personnel, and to help alleviate the impact of downsizing, reduction-in-force, and budget restrictions occurring in the defense and national security-related agencies of the United States.
“(b) Establishment.—For each of the fiscal years 1994 and 1995, the Secretary of State shall to the maximum extent practicable appoint to the Foreign Service qualified women and minority applicants who are participants in the priority placement program of the Department of Defense, the Department of Defense out-placement referral program, the Office of Personnel Management Automated Applicant Referral System, or the Office of Personnel Management Interagency Placement Program. The Secretary shall make such appointments through the mid-level entry program of the Department of State under section 306 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 [22 U.S.C. 3946].
“(c) Report.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 30, 1994], the Secretary of State shall prepare and submit a report concerning the implementation of subsection (a) to the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. Such report shall include recommendations on methods to improve implementation of the purpose of this section.”
Women and Minorities in Foreign Service
“(a) Findings.—The Congress finds that the Department of State and other Foreign Service agencies have not been successful in their efforts—
“(1) to recruit and retain members of minority groups in order to increase significantly the number of members of minority groups in the Foreign Service; and
“(2) to provide adequate career advancement for women and members of minority groups in order to increase significantly the numbers of women and members of minority groups in the senior levels of the Foreign Service.
“(b) A More Representative Foreign Service.—The Secretary of State and the head of each of the other agencies utilizing the Foreign Service personnel system—
“(1) shall substantially increase their efforts to implement effectively the plans required by section 152(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1986 and 1987 [22 U.S.C. 3922a (a)], so that the Foreign Service becomes truly representative of the American people throughout all levels of the Foreign Service; and
“(2) shall ensure that those plans effectively address the need to promote increased numbers of qualified women and members of minority groups into the senior levels of the Foreign Service.
“(c) Department of State Hiring Practices of Minorities and Women.—The Secretary of State shall include annually as part of the report required to be submitted pursuant to section 105(d)(2) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 [former 22 U.S.C. 3905 (d)(2)]—
“(1) a report on the progress made at the Assistant Secretary and Bureau level of the Department of State in increasing the presence of minorities and women at all levels in the Foreign Service and Civil Service workforces of the Department of State, and
“(2) the specific actions taken to address the lack of Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, and Native Americans in the Senior Executive Service and Senior Foreign Service of the Department of State.”