2012—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 112–141, § 1506(1)(A), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Convict labor shall not be used in construction of highways or portions of highways located on a Federal-aid system unless it is labor performed by convicts who are on parole, supervised release, or probation.”
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 112–141, § 1506(1)(B), inserted “in existence during that period” after “located on a Federal-aid system”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 112–141, § 1506(2), added subsec. (d).
2005—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–59, § 1904(b), substituted “Federal-aid highway or a portion of a Federal-aid highway” for “highways or portions of highways located on a Federal-aid system” and “The Secretary shall have the right to conduct such inspections and take such corrective action as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.” for “Except as provided in section 117 of this title, such construction shall be subject to the inspection and approval of the Secretary.”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–59, § 1409(d), added subsec. (c).
1998—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–178 substituted “State transportation department” for “State highway department” in two places and “State transportation departments” for “State highway departments”.
1991—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 102–240, inserted “after July 1, 1991,” after “Materials produced” in introductory provisions.
1987—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–17, § 112(b)(1), inserted heading.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–17, § 112(b)(1), amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (b) read as follows: “Convict labor or materials produced by convict labor shall not be used in such construction unless it is labor performed by convicts who are on parole or probation.”
1984—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–473 which directed the insertion of “, supervised release,” after “parole” effective Nov. 1, 1987, was not executed, because of intervening general amendment of subsec. (b) by Pub. L. 100–17, § 112(a), which contained “, supervised release,” after “parole” wherever appearing.
1983—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–424 inserted “or materials produced by convict labor” after “Convict labor”.
1973—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93–87 amended last sentence generally. Prior to amendment, last sentence read as follows: “On any project where actual construction is in progress and visible to highway users, the State highway department shall erect such informational sign or signs as prescribed by the Secretary, identifying the project and the respective amounts contributed therefor by the State and Federal Governments.”
1960—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–657 required State highway departments to erect, on any project where actual construction is in progress and visible to highway users, such informational sign or signs as prescribed by the Secretary, identifying the project and the respective contributions therefor by the State and Federal Governments.
Effective Date of 1991 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 102–240 effective Dec. 18, 1991, and applicable to funds authorized to be appropriated or made available after Sept. 30, 1991, and, with certain exceptions, not applicable to funds appropriated or made available on or before Sept. 30, 1991, see section 1100 of Pub. L. 102–240, set out as a note under section 104 of this title.
Highways for Life Pilot Program
Pub. L. 109–59, title I, § 1502, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1236, provided that:
[of Transportation] shall establish and implement a pilot program to be known as the ‘Highways
for LIFE Pilot Program’.
The purpose of the pilot program shall be to advance longer-lasting highways
using innovative technologies and practices to accomplish the fast construction
of efficient and safe highways
Under the pilot program, the Secretary
shall provide leadership and incentives to demonstrate and promote state-
of-the-art technologies, elevated performance standards, and new business practices in the highway construction
process that result in improved safety, faster construction
, reduced congestion from construction
, and improved quality and user satisfaction.
To be eligible to participate in the pilot program, a State
shall submit to the Secretary
[of Transportation] an application that is in such form and contains such information as the Secretary
requires. Each application shall contain a description of proposed projects
to be carried by the State
under the pilot program.
“(2)Eligibility.—A proposed project shall be eligible for assistance under the pilot program if the project—
uses innovative technologies, manufacturing processes, financing, or contracting methods that improve safety, reduce congestion due to construction
, and improve quality; and
meets additional criteria as determined by the Secretary
“(3)Project proposal.—A project proposal submitted under paragraph (1) shall contain—
an identification and description of the projects
to be delivered;
a description of how the projects
will result in improved safety, faster construction
, reduced congestion due to construction
, user satisfaction, and improved quality;
a description of the innovative technologies, manufacturing processes, financing, and contracting methods that will be used for the proposed projects
such other information as the Secretary
“(4)Selection criteria.—In selecting projects for approval under this section, the Secretary shall ensure that the projects provide an evaluation of a broad range of technologies in a wide variety of project types and shall give priority to the projects that—
address achieving the Highways
for LIFE performance standards for quality, safety, and speed of construction
deliver and deploy innovative technologies, manufacturing processes, financing, contracting practices, and performance measures that will demonstrate substantial improvements in safety, congestion, quality, and cost-effectiveness;
include innovation that will lead to change in the administration of the State
’s transportation program to more quickly construct long-lasting, high-quality, cost-effective projects
that improve safety and reduce congestion;
are or will be ready for construction
within 1 year of approval of the project
meet such other criteria as the Secretary
“(A)Funds for for life projects.—
Out of amounts made available to carry out this section for a fiscal year, the Secretary
may allocate to a State
up to 20 percent, but not more than $5,000,000, of the total cost of a project
approved under this section. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds allocated to a State
under this subparagraph may be applied to the non-Federal share of the cost of construction
of a project
under title 23, United States
“(B)Use of apportioned funds.—
may obligate not more than 10 percent of the amount apportioned to the State
under one or more of [former] paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) of section 104(b) of title 23
, United States
Code, for a fiscal year for projects
approved under this section.
“(C)Increased federal share.—
Notwithstanding sections 120
of title 23
, United States
Code, the Federal share payable on account of any project
constructed with Federal funds allocated under this section, or apportioned under [former] section 104(b) of such title, to a State
under such title and approved under this section may amount to 100 percent of the cost of construction
of such project.
“(D)Limitation on statutory construction.—
Except as provided in subparagraph (C), nothing in this subsection shall be construed as altering or otherwise affecting the applicability of the requirements of chapter 1
of title 23, United States
Code (including requirements relating to the eligibility of a project
for assistance under the program and the location of the project)
, to amounts apportioned to a State
for a program under [former] section 104(b) that are obligated by the State
approved under this subsection.
In the period of fiscal years 2005 through 2009, the Secretary
, to the maximum extent possible, shall approve at least 1 project
in each State
for participation in the pilot program and for financial assistance under paragraph (5) if the State
submits an application and the project
meets the eligibility requirements and selection criteria under this subsection.
“(7)Maximum number of projects.—
The maximum number of projects
for which the Secretary
may allocate funds under this subsection in a fiscal year is 15.
[of Transportation] may make grants or enter into cooperative agreements or other transactions to foster the development, improvement, and creation of innovative technologies and facilities to improve safety, enhance the speed of highway construction
, and improve the quality and durability of highways.
The Federal share of the cost of an activity carried out under this subsection shall not exceed 80 percent.
“(d)Technology Transfer and Information Dissemination.—
[of Transportation] shall conduct a highways
for life technology transfer program.
“(2)Availability of information.—
shall ensure that the information and technology used, developed, or deployed under this subsection is made available to the transportation community and the public.
“(e)Stakeholder Input and Involvement.—
[of Transportation] shall establish a process for stakeholder input and involvement in the development, implementation, and evaluation of the Highways
for LIFE Pilot Program. The process may include participation by representatives of State
departments of transportation and other interested persons.
“(f)Project Monitoring and Evaluation.—
[of Transportation] shall monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of any activity carried out under this section.
Except as otherwise provided in this section, funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section shall be available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were apportioned under chapter 1
of title 23, United States
Materials Produced by Convict Labor
Pub. L. 101–162, title II, § 202, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1002, provided that:
“During fiscal year 1990 and hereafter, materials produced by convict labor may be used in the construction
of any highways
or portion of highways
located on Federal-aid systems, as described in section 103 of title 23
, United States
Similar fiscal year provisions were contained in the following appropriation acts:
Pub. L. 100–459, title II, § 202, Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2199.
Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(a) [title II, § 202], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329, 1329–15.
Pub. L. 99–500, § 101(b) [title II, § 202], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–39, 1783–51, and Pub. L. 99–591, § 101(b) [title II, § 202], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–39, 3341–51.
Pub. L. 99–180, title II, § 202, Dec. 13, 1985, 99 Stat. 1146.
Pub. L. 98–411, title II, § 202, Aug. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 1558, repealed by Pub. L. 100–17, title I, § 112(b)(2), Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 149.
Pub. L. 98–166, title II, § 202, Nov. 28, 1983, 97 Stat. 1085.
Acceleration of Projects
Pub. L. 97–424, title I, § 129, Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2118, provided that:
of Transportation shall by rule or regulation establish, as soon as practicable, alternative methods for processing projects
under title 23, United States
Code, so as to reduce the time required from the request for project
approval through the completion of construction
. In carrying out this section the Secretary
shall utilize the knowledge and experience resulting from the demonstration project
authorized by and carried out under section 141 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1976
[Pub. L. 94–280, title I, § 141
, May 5, 1976
, 90 Stat. 444
, formerly set out as a note under former section 124 of this title