26 U.S. Code § 6713. Disclosure or use of information by preparers of returns

(a) Imposition of penaltyIf any person who is engaged in the business of preparing, or providing services in connection with the preparation of, returns of tax imposed by chapter 1, or any person who for compensation prepares any such return for any other person, and who—
(1)
discloses any information furnished to him for, or in connection with, the preparation of any such return, or
(2)
uses any such information for any purpose other than to prepare, or assist in preparing, any such return,
shall pay a penalty of $250 for each such disclosure or use, but the total amount imposed under this subsection on such a person for any calendar year shall not exceed $10,000.
(b) Enhanced penalty for improper use or disclosure relating to identity theft
(1) In generalIn the case of a disclosure or use described in subsection (a) that is made in connection with a crime relating to the misappropriation of another person’s taxpayer identity (as defined in section 6103(b)(6)), whether or not such crime involves any tax filing, subsection (a) shall be applied—
(A)
by substituting “$1,000” for “$250”, and
(B)
by substituting “$50,000” for “$10,000”.
(2) Separate application of total penalty limitation

The limitation on the total amount of the penalty under subsection (a) shall be applied separately with respect to disclosures or uses to which this subsection applies and to which it does not apply.

(c) Exceptions

The rules of section 7216(b) shall apply for purposes of this section.

(d) Deficiency procedures not to apply

Subchapter B of chapter 63 (relating to deficiency procedures for income, estate, gift, and certain excise taxes) shall not apply in respect of the assessment or collection of any penalty imposed by this section.

Amendments

2019—Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 116–25 added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsecs. (b) and (c) as (c) and (d), respectively.

Effective Date of 2019 Amendment

Pub. L. 116–25, title II, § 2009(c), July 1, 2019, 133 Stat. 1007, provided that:

“The amendments made by this section [amending this section andsection 7216 of this title] shall apply to disclosures or uses on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 1, 2019].”
Effective Date

Pub. L. 100–647, title VI, § 6242(d), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3749, provided that:

“The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending section 7216 of this title] shall apply to disclosures or uses after December 31, 1988.”