28 U.S. Code § 1369 - Multiparty, multiforum jurisdiction
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Multiparty, multiforum jurisdiction
(a)In General.—The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of any civil action involving minimal diversity between adverse parties that arises from a single accident, where at least 75 natural persons have died in the accident at a discrete location, if—
substantial parts of the accident took place in different States.
(b)Limitation of Jurisdiction of District Courts.—The district court shall abstain from hearing any civil action described in subsection (a) in which—
the substantial majority of all plaintiffs are citizens of a single State of which the primary defendants are also citizens; and
the claims asserted will be governed primarily by the laws of that State.
(c)Special Rules and Definitions.—For purposes of this section—
(3) the term “injury” means—
In any action in a district court which is or could have been brought, in whole or in part, under this section, any person with a claim arising from the accident described in subsection (a) shall be permitted to intervene as a party plaintiff in the action, even if that person could not have brought an action in a district court as an original matter.
(e)Notification of Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation.—
A district court in which an action under this section is pending shall promptly notify the judicial panel on multidistrict litigation of the pendency of the action.
“The amendments made by subsection (b) [enacting this section and sections 1697 and 1785 of this title and amending sections 1391 and 1441 of this title] shall apply to a civil action if the accident giving rise to the cause of action occurred on or after the 90th day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 2, 2002].”
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