(a) A judicial officer may disallow a person from using the resources of the courts of the United States in furtherance of a claim in any related civil forfeiture action or a claim in third party proceedings in any related criminal forfeiture action upon a finding that such person—
(1) after notice or knowledge of the fact that a warrant or process has been issued for his apprehension, in order to avoid criminal prosecution—
purposely leaves the jurisdiction of the United States;
declines to enter or reenter the United States to submit to its jurisdiction; or
otherwise evades the jurisdiction of the court in which a criminal case is pending against the person; and
is not confined or held in custody in any other jurisdiction for commission of criminal conduct in that jurisdiction.
Subsection (a) may be applied to a claim filed by a corporation if any majority shareholder, or individual filing the claim on behalf of the corporation is a person to whom subsection (a) applies.
(Added Pub. L. 106–185
, § 14(a), Apr. 25, 2000
, 114 Stat. 219
; amended Pub. L. 107–56, title III
, § 322, Oct. 26, 2001
, 115 Stat. 315
; Pub. L. 109–162, title XI
, § 1171(c), Jan. 5, 2006
, 119 Stat. 3123
; Pub. L. 109–177, title IV
, § 406(a)(1), Mar. 9, 2006
, 120 Stat. 244
Pub. L. 106–185, § 14(c), Apr. 25, 2000, 114 Stat. 219, provided that:
“The amendments made by this section [enacting this section] shall apply to any case pending on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 25, 2000].”
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