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29 U.S. Code § 3195 - Recruitment, screening, selection, and assignment of enrollees

(a) Standards and procedures
(1) In general

The Secretary shall prescribe specific standards and procedures for the recruitment, screening, and selection of eligible applicants for the Job Corps, after considering recommendations from Governors of States, local boards, and other interested parties.

(2) MethodsIn prescribing standards and procedures under paragraph (1), the Secretary, at a minimum, shall—
prescribe procedures for informing enrollees that drug tests will be administered to the enrollees and the results received within 45 days after the enrollees enroll in the Job Corps;
establish standards for recruitment of Job Corps applicants;
(C) establish standards and procedures for—
determining, for each applicant, whether the educational and career and technical education and training needs of the applicant can best be met through the Job Corps program or an alternative program in the community in which the applicant resides; and
obtaining from each applicant pertinent data relating to background, needs, and interests for determining eligibility and potential assignment;
where appropriate, take measures to improve the professional capability of the individuals conducting screening of the applicants; and
assure appropriate representation of enrollees from urban areas and from rural areas.
(3) ImplementationThe standards and procedures shall be implemented through arrangements with—
organizations that have a demonstrated record of effectiveness in serving at-risk youth and placing such youth into employment, including community action agencies, business organizations, or labor organizations; and
child welfare agencies that are responsible for children and youth eligible for benefits and services under section 677 of title 42.
(4) Consultation

The standards and procedures shall provide for necessary consultation with individuals and organizations, including court, probation, parole, law enforcement, education, welfare, and medical authorities and advisers.

(5) Reimbursement

The Secretary is authorized to enter into contracts with and make payments to individuals and organizations for the cost of conducting recruitment, screening, and selection of eligible applicants for the Job Corps, as provided for in this section. The Secretary shall make no payment to any individual or organization solely as compensation for referring the names of applicants for the Job Corps.

(b) Special limitations on selection
(1) In generalNo individual shall be selected as an enrollee unless the individual or organization implementing the standards and procedures described in subsection (a) determines that—
there is a reasonable expectation that the individual considered for selection can participate successfully in group situations and activities, and is not likely to engage in behavior that would prevent other enrollees from receiving the benefit of the Job Corps program or be incompatible with the maintenance of sound discipline and satisfactory relationships between the Job Corps center to which the individual might be assigned and communities surrounding the Job Corps center;
the individual manifests a basic understanding of both the rules to which the individual will be subject and of the consequences of failure to observe the rules, and agrees to comply with such rules; and
the individual has passed a background check conducted in accordance with procedures established by the Secretary and with applicable State and local laws.
(2) Individuals on probation, parole, or supervised release

An individual on probation, parole, or supervised release may be selected as an enrollee only if release from the supervision of the probation or parole official involved is satisfactory to the official and the Secretary and does not violate applicable laws (including regulations). No individual shall be denied a position in the Job Corps solely on the basis of individual contact with the criminal justice system except for a disqualifying conviction as specified in paragraph (3).

(3) Individuals convicted of certain crimes

An individual shall not be selected as an enrollee if the individual has been convicted of a felony consisting of murder (as described in section 1111 of title 18), child abuse, or a crime involving rape or sexual assault.

(c) Assignment plan
(1) In generalEvery 2 years, the Secretary shall develop and implement a plan for assigning enrollees to Job Corps centers. In developing the plan, the Secretary shall, based on the analysis described in paragraph (2), establish targets, applicable to each Job Corps center, for—
the maximum attainable percentage of enrollees at the Job Corps center that reside in the State in which the center is located; and
the maximum attainable percentage of enrollees at the Job Corps center that reside in the region in which the center is located, and in surrounding regions.
(2) AnalysisIn order to develop the plan described in paragraph (1), every 2 years the Secretary, in consultation with operators of Job Corps centers, shall analyze relevant factors relating to each Job Corps center, including—
the size of the population of individuals eligible to participate in Job [1] Corps in the State and region in which the Job Corps center is located, and in surrounding regions;
the relative demand for participation in the Job Corps in the State and region, and in surrounding regions;
the capacity and utilization of the Job Corps center, including the education, training, and supportive services provided through the center; and
the performance of the Job Corps center relating to the expected levels of performance for the indicators described in section 3209(c)(1) of this title, and whether any actions have been taken with respect to such center pursuant to paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 3209(f) of this title.
(d) Assignment of individual enrollees
(1) In generalAfter an individual has been selected for the Job Corps in accordance with the standards and procedures of the Secretary under subsection (a), the enrollee shall be assigned to the Job Corps center that offers the type of career and technical education and training selected by the individual and, among the centers that offer such education and training, is closest to the home of the individual. The Secretary may waive this requirement if—
the enrollee would be unduly delayed in participating in the Job Corps program because the closest center is operating at full capacity; or
the parent or guardian of the enrollee requests assignment of the enrollee to another Job Corps center due to circumstances in the community of the enrollee that would impair prospects for successful participation in the Job Corps program.
(2) Enrollees who are younger than 18

An enrollee who is younger than 18 shall not be assigned to a Job Corps center other than the center closest to the home that offers the career and technical education and training desired by the enrollee pursuant to paragraph (1) if the parent or guardian of the enrollee objects to the assignment.

[1]  So in original. Probably should be preceded by “the”.
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date

Section effective on the first day of the first full program year after July 22, 2014 (July 1, 2015), see section 506 of Pub. L. 113–128, set out as a note under section 3101 of this title.