35 U.S. Code § 123 - Micro entity defined
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(a) In General.— For purposes of this title, the term “micro entity” means an applicant who makes a certification that the applicant—
(2) has not been named as an inventor on more than 4 previously filed patent applications, other than applications filed in another country, provisional applications under section 111 (b), or international applications filed under the treaty defined in section 351 (a) for which the basic national fee under section 41 (a) was not paid;
(3) did not, in the calendar year preceding the calendar year in which the applicable fee is being paid, have a gross income, as defined in section 61(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, exceeding 3 times the median household income for that preceding calendar year, as most recently reported by the Bureau of the Census; and
(4) has not assigned, granted, or conveyed, and is not under an obligation by contract or law to assign, grant, or convey, a license or other ownership interest in the application concerned to an entity that, in the calendar year preceding the calendar year in which the applicable fee is being paid, had a gross income, as defined in section 61(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, exceeding 3 times the median household income for that preceding calendar year, as most recently reported by the Bureau of the Census.
(b) Applications Resulting From Prior Employment.— An applicant is not considered to be named on a previously filed application for purposes of subsection (a)(2) if the applicant has assigned, or is under an obligation by contract or law to assign, all ownership rights in the application as the result of the applicant’s previous employment.
(c) Foreign Currency Exchange Rate.— If an applicant’s or entity’s gross income in the preceding calendar year is not in United States dollars, the average currency exchange rate, as reported by the Internal Revenue Service, during that calendar year shall be used to determine whether the applicant’s or entity’s gross income exceeds the threshold specified in paragraphs  (3) or (4) of subsection (a).
(d) Institutions of Higher Education.— For purposes of this section, a micro entity shall include an applicant who certifies that—
(1) the applicant’s employer, from which the applicant obtains the majority of the applicant’s income, is an institution of higher education as defined in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001 (a)); or
(e) Director’s Authority.— In addition to the limits imposed by this section, the Director may, in the Director’s discretion, impose income limits, annual filing limits, or other limits on who may qualify as a micro entity pursuant to this section if the Director determines that such additional limits are reasonably necessary to avoid an undue impact on other patent applicants or owners or are otherwise reasonably necessary and appropriate. At least 3 months before any limits proposed to be imposed pursuant to this subsection take effect, the Director shall inform the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate of any such proposed limits.
 So in original. Probably should be “paragraph”.
Source(Added and amended Pub. L. 112–29, §§ 10(g)(1), 20(j),Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 318, 335; Pub. L. 112–274, § 1(m),Jan. 14, 2013, 126 Stat. 2459.)
References in Text
Section 61(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (a)(3), (4), is classified to section 61 (a) of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.
2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 112–274inserted “of this title” after “For purposes” in introductory provisions.
2011—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 112–29, § 20(j), struck out “of this title” after “For purposes” in introductory provisions.
Effective Date of 2013 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–274effective Jan. 14, 2013, and applicable to proceedings commenced on or after such date, see section 1(n) ofPub. L. 112–274, set out as a note under section 5 of this title.
Effective Date of 2011 Amendment
Amendment by section 20(j) ofPub. L. 112–29effective upon the expiration of the 1-year period beginning on Sept. 16, 2011, and applicable to proceedings commenced on or after that effective date, see section 20(l) ofPub. L. 112–29, set out as a note under section 2 of this title.