37 U.S. Code § 206 - Reserves; members of National Guard: inactive-duty training
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(a) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, and to the extent provided for by appropriations, a member of the National Guard or a member of a reserve component of a uniformed service who is not entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title, is entitled to compensation, at the rate of 1/30 of the basic pay authorized for a member of a uniformed service of a corresponding grade entitled to basic pay—
(1) for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which the member is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday;
(2) for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe; or
(3) for a regular period of instruction that the member is scheduled to perform but is unable to perform because of physical disability resulting from an injury, illness, or disease incurred or aggravated—
(B) while traveling directly to or from that duty or training (unless such injury, illness, disease, or aggravation of an injury, illness, or disease is the result of the gross negligence or misconduct of the member); or
(b) The regulations prescribed under subsection (a) for each uniformed service, the National Guard, and each of the classes of organization of the reserve components within each uniformed service, may be different. The Secretary concerned shall, for the National Guard and each of the classes of organization within each uniformed service, prescribe—
(1) minimum standards that must be met before an assembly for drill or other equivalent period of training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties may be credited for pay purposes, and those standards may require the presence for duty of officers and enlisted members in numbers equal to or more than a minimum number or percentage of the unit strength for a specified period of time with participation in a prescribed kind of training;
(2) the maximum number of assemblies or periods of other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, that may be counted for pay purposes in each fiscal year or in lesser periods of time; and
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section does not authorize compensation for work or study performed by a member of a reserve component or by a member of the National Guard while not in Federal service in connection with correspondence courses of a uniformed service.
(2) A member of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve may be paid compensation under this section at a rate and under terms determined by the Secretary of Defense, but not to exceed the rate otherwise applicable to the member under subsection (a), upon the member’s successful completion of a course of instruction undertaken by the member using electronic-based distributed learning methodologies to accomplish training requirements related to unit readiness or mobilization, as directed for the member by the Secretary concerned. The compensation may be paid regardless of whether the course of instruction was under the direct control of the Secretary concerned or included the presence of an instructor.
(3) The prohibition in paragraph (1), including the prohibition as it relates to a member of the National Guard while not in Federal service, applies to—
(A) any work or study performed on or after September 7, 1962, unless that work or study is specifically covered by the exception in paragraph (2); and
(e) A member of the National Guard or of a reserve component of the uniformed services may not be paid under this section for more than four periods of equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties performed during a fiscal year instead of the member’s regular period of instruction or regular period of appropriate duty during that fiscal year.
(f) A member of the Individual Ready Reserve is not entitled to compensation under this section for participation in screening for which the member is paid a stipend under section 433a of this title.
Source(Pub. L. 87–649, Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 460; Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, § 1402(a),Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2620; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title VI, § 604(c),Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3876; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title VI, § 631(c),Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 1985; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (c),Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title VII, § 702(d),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 371; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title V, § 513(g),Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1732; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, § 513(e), title VI, § 603(a),Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1093, 1133; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title VI, § 604,Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3287; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VI, § 607,Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2247; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VI, § 633(b),Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 155.)
|Revised section||Source (U.S. Code)||Source (Statutes at Large)|
|206(a)||37:301(a) (less 45 words before proviso and proviso).|
|37:301(e) (as applicable to basic pay).||Oct. 12, 1949, ch. 681, § 501(a) (less 45 words before proviso), (b) (less 1st sentence), (e) (as applicable to basic pay), 63 Stat. 825, 827; Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, § 20(e), (f), 70A Stat. 629; June 30, 1960, Pub. L. 86–559, § 8, 74 Stat. 282.|
|206(d)||37:301(b) (less 1st sentence).|
In subsection (a), the words “National Guard” are substituted for the words “National Guard, Air National Guard”, in section 301(a) of existing title 37, to conform to the definition of “National Guard” in section 101(6) of this revised title. The words “member of a reserve component of a uniformed service” are substituted for the words “National Guard of the United States, Air National Guard of the United States, Organized Reserve Corps, Naval Reserve, Air Force Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, Coast Guard Reserve, and the Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service,” since all of those organizations, or their successors, are the reserve components of the uniformed services. The words “who is not entitled to basic pay under section 204 of this title” are substituted for section 301 (e) as (applicable to basic pay) of existing title 37. The words “of a corresponding grade” are inserted for clarity.
In subsection (b), the words “National Guard or reserve components” are substituted for the listing of organizations for the reasons set forth above. Reference to “classes of organization,” so far as they relate to the National Guard, are omitted, since there are no classes of organization of the National Guard.
Provisions similar to those comprising subsec. (e) of this section were contained in the following appropriation acts:
2008—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 110–181added subsec. (f).
2006—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 109–163inserted “or by a member of the National Guard while not in Federal service” after “reserve component”.
Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 109–364added par. (3).
2001—Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Pub. L. 107–107, § 513(e), struck out “, if the site is outside reasonable commuting distance from the member’s residence” before period at end.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–107, § 603(a), designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted “Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section” for “This section” and “a uniformed service” for “an armed force”, and added par. (2).
1997—Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Pub. L. 105–85inserted “while remaining overnight immediately before the commencement of inactive-duty training, or” after “in line of duty”.
1996—Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Pub. L. 104–106added subpar. (C).
1991—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–25struck out “of this section” after “subsection (a)”.
1988—Subsec. (a)(3)(A)(i). Pub. L. 100–456struck out “for a period of 30 days or less” after “active duty”.
1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–661, substituted “entitled to basic pay—” and pars. (1) to (3) for “entitled to basic pay, for each regular period of instruction, or period of appropriate duty, at which he is engaged for at least two hours, including that performed on a Sunday or holiday, or for the performance of such other equivalent training, instruction, duty, or appropriate duties, as the Secretary may prescribe.”
1984—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–525added subsec. (e).
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 100–456applicable with respect to persons who, after Sept. 29, 1988, incur or aggravate an injury, illness, or disease, or who die as the result of incurring or aggravating an injury, illness, or disease, see section 631(d) ofPub. L. 100–456, set out as a note under section 204 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment