2021—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283 substituted “air, or space service” for “or air service” in par. (1) and concluding provisions.
2000—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–419 designated first sentence as par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, of par. (1), and inserted “or covered disease” after “injury” in subpar. (B) and in concluding provisions, designated second sentence as par. (2) and inserted “or covered disease” after “injury”, designated third sentence as par. (3), and added par. (4).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 106–259 added subsec. (f).
1991—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 102–83, § 4(a)(1), substituted “administered by the Secretary” for “administered by the Veterans’ Administration”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102–83, § 4(b)(1), (2)(E), substituted “Secretary” for “Administrator” in concluding provisions.
1986—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 99–576, § 701(5)(A), substituted “the person’s” for “his”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99–576, § 701(5)(B), substituted “required for that individual” for “required for him”, “proceed to that individual’s home” for “proceed to his home”, and “in any event that individual” for “in any event he”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99–576, § 701(5)(C), struck out “by him” after “injury incurred” in cl. (2), and in closing provisions, substituted “such individual was disabled” for “he was disabled”, “on which such individual began” for “on which he began”, “such individual was scheduled” for “he was scheduled”, “such individual ceased” for “he ceased”, and “the itinerary” for “his itinerary”.
1982—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 97–295, § 4(3)(A), substituted “subchapter I of chapter 81 of title 5” for “the Federal Employees’ Compensation Act”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–295, § 4(3)(B), substituted “title 5 as a preference eligible described in section 2108(3)(C) of title 5” for “the Act of June 27, 1944, (58 Stat. 387–391), as a person described in section 2(1) of such Act”.
1965—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 89–311 added subsec. (e).
1964—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 88–616 struck out “after December 31, 1956,” after “injury incurred”.
1961—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 87–102 extended provisions for benefits based on limited periods immediately following discharge from active duty after December 31, 1956 to veterans discharged before such date.
Effective Date of 1961 Amendment
Pub. L. 87–102, § 2, July 21, 1961, 75 Stat. 219, provided that:
“No monetary benefits shall accrue by reason of the amendments made by this Act [amending this section] for any period prior to the date of enactment [July 21, 1961].”
Women’s Air Forces Service Pilots
Pub. L. 95–202, title IV, § 401, Nov. 23, 1977, 91 Stat. 1449, as amended by Pub. L. 96–466, title VIII, § 801(m)(3), Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2217; Pub. L. 98–94, title XII, § 1263(a), Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 703; Pub. L. 102–83, § 6(b), Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 407, provided that:
(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the service of any person as a member of the Women’s Air Forces Service Pilots (a group of Federal civilian employees attached to the United States Army Air Force during World War II), or the service of any person in any other similarly situated group the members of which rendered service to the Armed Forces of the United States in a capacity considered civilian employment or contractual service at the time such service was rendered, shall be considered active duty for the purposes of all laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs if the Secretary of Defense, pursuant to regulations which the Secretary shall prescribe—
after a full review of the historical records and all other available evidence pertaining to the service of any such group, determines, on the basis of judicial and other appropriate precedent, that the service of such group constituted active military service, and
in the case of any such group with respect to which such Secretary
has made an affirmative determination that the service of such group constituted active military service, issues to each member of such group a discharge from such service under honorable conditions where the nature and duration of the service of such member so warrants.
Discharges issued pursuant to the provisions of the first sentence of this paragraph shall designate as the date of discharge that date, as determined by the Secretary of Defense, on which such service by the person concerned was terminated.
“(2) In making a determination under clause (A) of paragraph (1) of this subsection with respect to any group described in such paragraph, the Secretary of Defense may take into consideration the extent to which—
such group received military training and acquired a military capability or the service performed by such group was critical to the success of a military mission,
the members of such group were subject to military justice, discipline, and control,
the members of such group were permitted to resign,
the members of such group were susceptible to assignment for duty in a combat zone, and
the members of such group had reasonable expectations that their service would be considered to be active military service.
No benefits shall be paid to any person for any period prior to the date of enactment of this title [Nov. 23, 1977] as a result of the enactment of subsection (a) of this section.
The provisions of section 106(a)(2) of title 38
, United States Code, relating to election of benefits, shall be applicable to persons made eligible for benefits, under laws administered by the Secretary
of Veterans Affairs
, as a result of implementation of the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, any person who is issued a discharge under honorable conditions pursuant to the implementation of subsection (a) of this section may be awarded any campaign or service medal warranted by such person’s service.”
[Section 1263(b) of Pub. L. 98–94 provided that:
“The amendment made by subsection (a) [enacting subsec. (c) set out above] shall apply to all persons issued discharges under honorable conditions pursuant to section 401 of the GI Bill Improvements Act of 1977 [Pub. L. 95–202
, set out above] whether such discharges are awarded before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 24, 1983
[Amendment of subsec. (a)(1)(B), set out above, by Pub. L. 96–466, effective Oct. 1, 1980, see section 802(h) of Pub. L. 96–466, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under section 3452 of this title.]