2021—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 116–315 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 117–37 added subsecs. (e) and (f).
2009—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 111–117 added par. (3).
2002—Pub. L. 107–135, § 201(b)(1), substituted “guide dogs; service dogs” for “seeing-eye dogs” in section catchline.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–135, § 201(a)(1), struck out “seeing-eye or” after “may provide”, substituted “who are enrolled under section 1705 of this title” for “who are entitled to disability compensation, and may pay travel and incidental expenses (under the terms and conditions set forth in section 111 of this title) to and from their homes and incurred in becoming adjusted to such seeing-eye or guide dogs”, and substituted “disability” for “handicap”.
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 107–135, § 201(a)(2), added subsecs. (c) and (d).
1991—Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(a), renumbered section 614 of this title as this section.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–83, § 4(a)(3), (4), substituted “Department” for “Veterans’ Administration”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–83, § 4(b)(1), (2)(E), substituted “Secretary” for “Administrator” in two places.
1979—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–151, § 201(c)(1), substituted provisions respecting travel and incidental expenses for provisions respecting necessary travel expenses.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–151, § 201(c)(2), substituted provisions respecting travel and incidental expenses for provisions respecting all necessary travel expenses.
1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–581, § 210(a)(5)(A), substituted “such veteran’s home” for “his home”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–581, § 210(a)(5)(B), substituted “and may pay” for “and he may pay”.
1973—Pub. L. 93–82 designated existing provisions as subsec. (b) and added subsec. (a).
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2021 Amendment
Pub. L. 117–37, § 3(b), Aug. 25, 2021, 135 Stat. 332, provided that:
“Section 1714(f) of title 38
, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to a veteran provided a dog by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs
on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 25, 2021
Department of Veterans Affairs Pilot Program on Dog Training Therapy
Pub. L. 117–37, § 2, Aug. 25, 2021, 135 Stat. 329, provided that:
“(a) In General.—
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the Act [probably means “this Act”, approved Aug. 25, 2021], the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall commence the conduct of a pilot program to provide canine training to eligible veterans diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (in this section referred to as ‘PTSD’) as an element of a complementary and integrative health program for such veterans.
“(b) Duration; Medical Centers.—
The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program under subsection (a) for a 5-year period beginning on the date of the commencement of the pilot program.
“(2) Medical centers.—
The Secretary shall ensure that such pilot program is carried out by not fewer than five medical centers of the Department of Veterans Affairs located in geographically diverse areas.
“(c) Agreements With Entities.—
In carrying out the pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall seek to enter into agreements with nongovernmental entities that the Secretary determines have the demonstrated ability to provide the canine training specified in subsection (a).
“(d) Required Conditions.—The Secretary shall include in any agreement under subsection (c) conditions requiring that the nongovernmental entity seeking to enter into the agreement—
submits to the Secretary certification that the entity is an accredited service dog training organization;
agrees to ensure that veterans participating in the pilot program under subsection (a) receive training from certified service dog training instructors for a period of time determined appropriate by the entity;
agrees to ensure that veterans participating in such pilot program are prohibited from having access to a dog under such pilot program at any time during such participation without the supervision of a certified service dog training instructor;
agrees to ensure that veterans participating in such pilot program receive training in skills unique to the needs of the veteran to address or alleviate PTSD symptoms of the veteran;
agrees not to use shock collars or prong collars as training tools and to use positive reinforcement training; and
agrees to provide any follow-up training support specified in subsection (e)(2), as applicable.
“(e) Adoption of Dog.—
“(1) In general.—
A veteran who has participated in the pilot program under subsection (a) may adopt a dog that the veteran assisted in training during such pilot program if the veteran and the veteran’s health provider (in consultation with the entity that provided the canine training with respect to the dog under such pilot program) determine that it is in the best interest of the veteran.
“(2) Follow-up training support.—
If a veteran adopts a dog under paragraph (1), the entity that provided the canine training with respect to the dog under the pilot program shall provide follow-up training support for the life of the dog. Such support shall include the provision of a contact plan between the veteran and the entity that enables the veteran to seek and receive assistance from the entity to ensure the dog is being properly cared for.
“(f) Eligibility for Other Care and Treatment.—
Participation in the pilot program under subsection (a) may not preclude a veteran from receiving any other medical care or treatment for PTSD furnished by the Department, including therapy, for which the veteran is otherwise eligible.
“(g) Collection of Data.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall—
“(1) develop metrics and other appropriate means to measure, with respect to veterans participating in the pilot program under subsection (a)—
the number of such veterans participating;
the satisfaction of such veterans with the pilot program;
whether participation in the pilot program resulted in any clinically relevant improvements for such veterans, as determined by the health care provider or clinical team that referred the veteran to participate in the pilot program; and
such other factors as the Secretary may determine appropriate; and
establish processes to document and track the progress of such veterans under the pilot program with respect to health benefits and improvements.
“(h) Report by Secretary.—Not later than 1 year before the date on which the pilot program under subsection (a) terminates, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Veterans’ Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report containing the recommendations of the Secretary regarding—
whether to extend or make permanent the pilot program; and
the feasibility and advisability of expanding the pilot program to address mental health conditions other than PTSD.
“(i) GAO Briefing and Study.—
Not later than 1 year after the date of the commencement of the pilot program under subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the United States shall provide to the Committees on Veterans’ Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Senate a briefing on the methodology established for the pilot program.
“(2) Report.—Not later than 270 days after the date on which the pilot program terminates, the Comptroller General shall submit to the committees specified in paragraph (1) a report on the pilot program. Such report shall include an evaluation of the approach and methodology used for the pilot program with respect to—
assisting veterans with PTSD; and
measuring relevant metrics, such as reduction in scores under the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS), improvement in psychosocial function, and therapeutic compliance.
“(j) Definitions.—In this section:
“(1) The term ‘accredited service dog training organization’ means an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 501(c)(3)] that—
provides service dogs to veterans with PTSD; and
is accredited by an accrediting organization with demonstrated experience, national scope, and recognized leadership and expertise in the training of service dogs and education in the use of service dogs (as determined by the Secretary).
“(2) The term ‘eligible veteran’ means a veteran who—
is enrolled in the patient enrollment system in the Department of Veterans Affairs
under section 1705 of title 38
, United States Code; and
has been recommended for participation in the pilot program under subsection (a) by a qualified mental health care provider or clinical team based on medical judgment that the veteran may benefit from such participation with respect to the diagnosed PTSD of the veteran.
The term ‘service dog training instructor’ means an instructor who provides the direct training of veterans with PTSD in the art and science of service dog training and handling.”
Provision by Department of Veterans Affairs of Prosthetic Appliances Through Non-Department Providers During Public Health Emergency
Pub. L. 116–136, div. B, title X, § 20007, Mar. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 587, provided that:
“The Secretary of Veterans Affairs
shall ensure that, to the extent practicable, veterans who are receiving or are eligible to receive a prosthetic appliance under section 1714
of title 38
, United States Code, are able to receive such an appliance that the Secretary determines is needed from a non-Department of Veterans Affairs
provider under a contract with the Department during a public health emergency.”
[For definition of “public health emergency” as used in section 20007 of Pub. L. 116–136, set out above, see section 20003 of Pub. L. 116–136, set out as a note under section 303 of this title.]