2018—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–177 added subsec. (d).
2016—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 114–315, § 402(a), inserted at end “To the maximum extent practicable, a course of education or training may be pursued by a veteran as part of a rehabilitation program under this chapter only if the course is approved for purposes of chapter 30 or 33 of this title. The Secretary may waive the requirement under the preceding sentence to the extent the Secretary determines appropriate.”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 114–315, § 403, added subsec. (c).
1996—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104–275, § 101(d)(1)(A), substituted “the veteran has an employment handicap or” for “such veteran’s disability or disabilities cause” and inserted “reasonably” after “goal is”.
Subsec. (a)(7)(A). Pub. L. 104–275, § 101(d)(1)(B), struck out “(i)” after “assistance, including” and “, and (ii) job-readiness skills development and counseling under section 14(a)(2) of the Veterans’ Job Training Act (29 U.S.C. 1721 note) for a participant in a program of training under such Act” after “individual case”.
Subsec. (a)(12). Pub. L. 104–275, § 101(d)(1)(C), substituted “For veterans with the most severe service-connected disabilities who require” for “For the most severely disabled veterans requiring”.
Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 104–275, § 101(d)(2), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which read as follows: “A program of independent living services and assistance may include the types of services and assistance described in section 702 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 796a).”
1991—Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(a), renumbered section 1504 of this title as this section.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3108” for “1508”.
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3485” for “1685”.
Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 102–16 designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), redesignated former cls. (A) and (B) as cls. (i) and (ii), respectively, substituted “handling charges, licensing” for “and licensing”, and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3112” for “1512”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–54 substituted “(29 U.S.C. 796a)” for “(29 U.S.C. 796)”.
1989—Subsecs. (a), (c). Pub. L. 101–237 substituted “Secretary” for “Administrator” wherever appearing.
1988—Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 100–323 designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).
Effective Date of 2016 Amendment
Pub. L. 114–315, title IV, § 402(b), Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1554, provided that:
“The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to a course of education or training pursued by a veteran who first begins a program of rehabilitation under chapter 31
of title 38, United States Code, on or after the date that is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 16, 2016
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 104–275 effective Oct. 9, 1996, with amendment by section 101(d)(1)(C), (2) of Pub. L. 104–275 only applicable with respect to claims of eligibility or entitlement to services and assistance (including claims for extension of such services and assistance) under this chapter received by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs on or after Oct. 9, 1996, including those claims based on original applications, and applications seeking to reopen, revise, reconsider, or otherwise adjudicate or readjudicate on any basis claims for services and assistance under this chapter, see section 101(j) of Pub. L. 104–275, set out as a note under section 3101 of this title.
Effective Date of 1991 Amendment
Pub. L. 102–16, § 3(b)(2), Mar. 22, 1991, 105 Stat. 49, provided that:
“The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section] shall apply only to payments made on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 22, 1991].”
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment
Pub. L. 100–323, § 16, May 20, 1988, 102 Stat. 575, provided that:
“(a) In General.—
Except as provided in subsection (b), the provisions of and amendments made by this Act [see Tables for classification] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [May 20, 1988].
(1) The following provisions of or amendments made by this Act shall take effect for all of fiscal year 1988 and subsequent fiscal years:
Clause (5) of subsection (b) of section 2002A [now 4102A] of title 38, United States Code, as added by section 2(a)(2) of this Act.
Subsection (a) of section 2003A [now 4103A] of such title, as amended by section 2(e)(1)(A) of this Act.
Paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of section 2004(a) [now 4104(a)] of such title, as amended by section 3(a) of this Act.
Paragraphs (2) through (5) of section 1774(a) [now 3674(a)] of such title, as added by section 13(a)(1) of this Act.
The provisions of and amendments made by sections 4 through 11 [see Tables for classification] shall take effect on the 60th day after the date of the enactment of this Act [May 20, 1988].”
Blind Rehabilitation Outpatient Specialists
Pub. L. 109–461, title II, § 207, Dec. 22, 2006, 120 Stat. 3412, provided that:
“(a) Findings.—Congress makes the following findings:
There are approximately 135,000 blind veterans throughout the United States, including approximately 35,000 who are enrolled with the Department of Veterans Affairs. An aging veteran population and injuries incurred in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom are increasing the number of blind veterans.
Since 1996, when the Department of Veterans Affairs hired its first 14 blind rehabilitation outpatient specialists (referred to in this section as ‘Specialists’), Specialists have been a critical part of the continuum of care for blind and visually impaired veterans.
The Department of Veterans Affairs operates 10 residential blind rehabilitation centers that are considered among the best in the world. These centers have had long waiting lists, with as many as 1,500 blind veterans waiting for openings in 2004.
“(4) Specialists provide—
critically needed services to veterans who are unable to attend residential centers or are waiting to enter a residential center program;
a range of services for blind veterans, including training with living skills, mobility, and adaptation of manual skills; and
pre-admission screening and follow-up care for blind rehabilitation centers.
There are not enough Specialist positions to meet the increased numbers and needs of blind veterans.
“(b) Establishment of Additional Specialist Positions.—
Not later than 30 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 22, 2006], the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall establish an additional Specialist position at not fewer than 35 additional facilities of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
“(c) Selection of Facilities.—In identifying the most appropriate facilities to receive a Specialist position under this section, the Secretary shall—
give priority to facilities with large numbers of enrolled legally blind veterans;
ensure that each facility does not have such a position; and
ensure that each facility is in need of the services of a Specialist.
The Secretary shall coordinate the provision of blind rehabilitation services for veterans with services for the care of the visually impaired offered by State and local agencies, especially to the extent to which such State and local agencies can provide necessary services to blind veterans in settings located closer to the residences of such veterans at similar quality and cost to the veteran.
“(e) Authorization of Appropriations.—
There are authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Veterans Affairs to carry out this section $3,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2007 through 2012.”
Veterans Pursuing Program of Vocational Rehabilitation Under Former Section 1504 of This Title
During the period beginning on Oct. 1, 1980, and ending on Mar. 31, 1981, the provisions of section 3108 [formerly 1508] of this title, as added by Pub. L. 96–466, title I, § 101(a), Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2178, shall apply to veterans pursuing a program of vocational rehabilitation training under this chapter in the same manner as former section 1504 of this title applied to veterans pursuing such a program under this chapter on Sept. 30, 1980. See section 802(a)(4) of Pub. L. 96–466, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3100 of this title.