42 U.S. Code § 10301 - Congressional findings and declarations
 So in original. The word “and” probably should not appear.
1996—Par. (2). Pub. L. 104–147, § 1(1), inserted “, productivity of natural resources and agricultural systems,” after “environmental quality”.
Pars. (8), (9). Pub. L. 104–147, § 1(2)–(4), added pars. (8) and (9).
Rules and regulations issued prior to Mar. 22, 1984, under Pub. L. 95–467 [chapter 87 of this title] to remain in full force and effect under this chapter until superseded by new rules and regulations promulgated under this chapter, see section 110(b) of Pub. L. 98–242, set out as a note under section 7801 of this title.
Pub. L. 104–298, Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3622, as amended by Pub. L. 108–7, div. D, title II, § 210, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 146; Pub. L. 109–13, div. A, title VI, § 6015, May 11, 2005, 119 Stat. 284; Pub. L. 109–103, title II, § 206, Nov. 19, 2005, 119 Stat. 2268; Pub. L. 109–289, div. B, title II, § 20312, as added by Pub. L. 110–5, § 2, Feb. 15, 2007, 121 Stat. 19; Pub. L. 112–74, div. B, title II, § 204, Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 865; Pub. L. 114–322, title III, §§ 3801, 4009(a), Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1846, 1867; Pub. L. 116–260, div. FF, title XI, § 1112, Dec. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 3251, provided that:
“This Act may be cited as the ‘Water Desalination Act of 1996’.
“All information from studies sponsored or funded under authority of this Act shall be considered public information.
“The Federal share of the cost of a research, study, or demonstration project or a desalination development project or activity carried out under this Act shall not exceed 50 percent of the total cost of the project or research or study activity. A Federal contribution in excess of 25 percent for a project carried out under this Act may not be made unless the Secretary determines that the project is not feasible without such increased Federal contribution. The Secretary shall prescribe appropriate procedures to implement the provisions of this section. Costs of operation, maintenance, repair, and rehabilitation of facilities funded under the authority of this Act shall be non-Federal responsibilities.
“ ‘Sec. 301. (a) There is hereby established the High Plains Study Council composed of—
“ ‘(1) the Governor of each State of the High Plains region (defined for the purposes of this title as the States of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming and referred to hereinafter in this title as the “High Plains region”), or a designee of the Governor;
“ ‘(2) a representative of the Department of Agriculture; and
“ ‘(3) a representative of the Secretary.
“ ‘(b) The Council established pursuant to this section shall—
“ ‘(1) review research work being performed by each State committee established under section 302 of this Act; and
“ ‘(2) coordinate such research efforts to avoid duplication of research and to assist in the development of research plans within each State of the High Plains region that will benefit the research needs of the entire region.
“ ‘Sec. 302. (a) The Secretary shall establish within each State of the High Plains region an Ogallala aquifer technical advisory committee (hereinafter in this title referred to as the “State committee”). Each State committee shall be composed of no more than seven members, including—
“ ‘(1) a representative of the United States Department of Agriculture;
“ ‘(2) a representative of the Secretary; and
“ ‘(3) at the appointment of the Governor of the State, five representatives from agencies of that State having jurisdiction over water resources, the agricultural community, the State Water Research Institute (as designated under this Act [see Short Title note above]), and others with a special interest or expertise in water resources.
“ ‘(b) The State committee established pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall—
“ ‘(1) review existing State laws and institutions concerning water management and, where appropriate, recommend changes to improve State or local management capabilities and more efficiently use the waters of such State, if such a review is not already being undertaken by the State;
“ ‘(3) provide public information, education, extension, and technical assistance on the need for water conservation and information on proven and cost-effective water management.
“ ‘(c) Each State committee established pursuant to this section shall elect a chairman, and shall meet at least once every three months at the call of the chairman, unless the chairman determines, after consultation with a majority of the members of the committee, that such a meeting is not necessary to achieve the purposes of this section.
“ ‘Sec. 303. The Secretary shall annually allocate among the States of the High Plains region funds authorized to be appropriated for this section for research in—
“ ‘(1) water-use efficiency;
“ ‘(2) cultural methods;
“ ‘(3) irrigation technologies;
“ ‘(4) water-efficient crops; and
“ ‘(5) water and soil conservation.
“Funds distributed under this section shall be allocated to each State committee for use by institutions of higher education within each State. To qualify for funds under this section an institution of higher education shall submit a proposal to the State committee describing the costs, methods, and goals of the proposed research. Proposals shall be selected by the State committee on the basis of merit.
“ ‘Sec. 304. The Secretary shall annually divide funds authorized to be appropriated under this section among the States of the High Plains region for research into—
“ ‘(1) precipitation management;
“ ‘(2) weather modification;
“ ‘(3) aquifer recharge opportunities;
“ ‘(4) saline water uses;
“ ‘(5) desalinization technologies;
“ ‘(6) salt tolerant crops; and
“ ‘(7) ground water recovery.
“Funds distributed under this section shall be allocated by the Secretary to the State committee for distribution to institutions of higher education within such State. To qualify for a grant under this section, an institution of higher education shall submit a research proposal to the State committee describing the costs, methods, and goals of the proposed research. Proposals shall be selected by the State committee on the basis of merit.
“ ‘Sec. 305. The Secretary shall annually allocate among the States of the High Plains region funds authorized to be appropriated under this section for grants to farmers for demonstration projects for—
“ ‘(1) water-efficient irrigation technologies and practices;
“ ‘(2) soil and water conservation management systems; and
“ ‘(3) the growing and marketing of more water-efficient crops.
“Grants under this section shall be made by each State committee in amounts not to exceed 85 percent of the cost of each demonstration project. To qualify for a grant under this section, a farmer shall submit a proposal to the State committee describing the costs, methods, and goals of the proposed project. Proposals shall be selected by the State committee on the basis of merit. Each State committee shall monitor each demonstration project to assure proper implementation and make the results of the project available to other State committees.
“ ‘Sec. 306. The Secretary, acting through the United States Geological Survey and in cooperation with the States of the High Plains region, is authorized and directed to monitor the levels of the Ogallala aquifer, and report biennially to Congress. [As amended Pub. L. 104–66, title I, § 1082(a)(1), Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 721.]
“ ‘Sec. 307. The amount of any allocation of funds to a State under this title shall not exceed 75 percent of the cost of carrying out the purposes for which the grant is made.
“ ‘Sec. 308. Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this title [Nov. 17, 1986], and at intervals of 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall prepare and transmit to the Congress a report on activities undertaken under this title. [As amended Pub. L. 104–66, title I, § 1082(a)(2), Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 721.]
“ ‘Sec. 309. (a) For each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1987, through September 30, 1995, the following sums are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to implement the following sections of this title, and such sums shall remain available until expended:
“ ‘(1) $600,000 for the purposes of section 302;
“ ‘(2) $4,300,000 for the purposes of section 303;
“ ‘(3) $2,200,000 for the purposes of section 304;
“ ‘(4) $5,300,000 for the purposes of section 305; and
“ ‘(5) $600,000 for the purposes of section 306.
[For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103–7 (in which the 17th and 18th items on page 72 identify reporting provisions which, as subsequently amended, are contained in sections 306 and 308 of Pub. L. 98–242, set out in the note above), see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance.]
Pub. L. 95–84, § 2, Aug. 2, 1977, 91 Stat. 400; Pub. L. 95–467, title II, § 205(a), (b), Oct. 17, 1978, 92 Stat. 1311; Pub. L. 96–457, § 3, Oct. 15, 1980, 94 Stat. 2032; Pub. L. 98–242, title I, § 110(a), Mar. 22, 1984, 98 Stat. 101, provided that:
[For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.]
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