The purposes of this chapter are to provide a means whereby the ecosystems upon which endangered species and threatened species depend may be conserved, to provide a program for the conservation of such endangered species and threatened species, and to take such steps as may be appropriate to achieve the purposes of the treaties and conventions set forth in subsection (a) of this section.
16 U.S. Code § 1531 - Congressional findings and declaration of purposes and policy
This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (b) and (c)(1), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 93–205, Dec. 28, 1973, 81 Stat. 884, known as the Endangered Species Act of 1973, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out below and Tables.
1988—Subsec. (a)(4)(G). Pub. L. 100–478 substituted “; and” for period at end.
1982—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–304 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
Pub. L. 102–251, title III, § 305, Mar. 9, 1992, 106 Stat. 66, as amended by Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, § 101(a) [title II, § 211(b)], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009, 3009–41, provided that:
For provision that all Federal agencies minimize conflicts between recreational fisheries and administration of this chapter, see Ex. Ord. No. 12962, § 4, June 7, 1995, 60 F.R. 30770, set out as a note under section 1801 of this title.
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and in order to address the significant effects of wildlife trafficking on the national interests of the United States, I hereby order as follows:
Section 1. Policy. The poaching of protected species and the illegal trade in wildlife and their derivative parts and products (together known as “wildlife trafficking”) represent an international crisis that continues to escalate. Poaching operations have expanded beyond small-scale, opportunistic actions to coordinated slaughter commissioned by armed and organized criminal syndicates. The survival of protected wildlife species such as elephants, rhinos, great apes, tigers, sharks, tuna, and turtles has beneficial economic, social, and environmental impacts that are important to all nations. Wildlife trafficking reduces those benefits while generating billions of dollars in illicit revenues each year, contributing to the illegal economy, fueling instability, and undermining security. Also, the prevention of trafficking of live animals helps us control the spread of emerging infectious diseases. For these reasons, it is in the national interest of the United States to combat wildlife trafficking.
In order to enhance domestic efforts to combat wildlife trafficking, to assist foreign nations in building capacity to combat wildlife trafficking, and to assist in combating transnational organized crime, executive departments and agencies (agencies) shall take all appropriate actions within their authority, including the promulgation of rules and regulations and the provision of technical and financial assistance, to combat wildlife trafficking in accordance with the following objectives:
(a) in appropriate cases, the United States shall seek to assist those governments in anti-wildlife trafficking activities when requested by foreign nations experiencing trafficking of protected wildlife;
(b) the United States shall promote and encourage the development and enforcement by foreign nations of effective laws to prohibit the illegal taking of, and trade in, these species and to prosecute those who engage in wildlife trafficking, including by building capacity;
(c) in concert with the international community and partner organizations, the United States shall seek to combat wildlife trafficking; and
(d) the United States shall seek to reduce the demand for illegally traded wildlife, both at home and abroad, while allowing legal and legitimate commerce involving wildlife.
Sec. 2. Establishment. There is established a Presidential Task Force on Wildlife Trafficking (Task Force), to be co-chaired by the Secretary of State, Secretary of the Interior, and the Attorney General (Co-Chairs), or their designees, who shall report to the President through the National Security Advisor. The Task Force shall develop and implement a National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking in accordance with the objectives outlined in section 1 of this order, consistent with section 4 of this order.
Sec. 3. Membership. (a) In addition to the Co-Chairs, the Task Force shall include designated senior-level representatives from:
(i) the Department of the Treasury;
(ii) the Department of Defense;
(iii) the Department of Agriculture;
(iv) the Department of Commerce;
(v) the Department of Transportation;
(vi) the Department of Homeland Security;
(vii) the United States Agency for International Development;
(viii) the Office of the Director of National Intelligence;
(ix) the National Security Staff;
(x) the Domestic Policy Council;
(xi) the Council on Environmental Quality;
(xii) the Office of Science and Technology Policy;
(xiii) the Office of Management and Budget;
(xiv) the Office of the United States Trade Representative; and
(xv) such agencies and offices as the Co-Chairs may, from time to time, designate.
(b) The Task Force shall meet not later than 60 days from the date of this order and periodically thereafter.
Sec. 4. Functions. Consistent with the authorities and responsibilities of member agencies, the Task Force shall perform the following functions:
(a) not later than 180 days after the date of this order, produce a National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking that shall include consideration of issues relating to combating trafficking and curbing consumer demand, including:
(i) effective support for anti-poaching activities;
(ii) coordinating regional law enforcement efforts;
(iii)developing and supporting effective legal enforcement mechanisms; and
(iv) developing strategies to reduce illicit trade and reduce consumer demand for trade in protected species;
(b) not later than 90 days from the date of this order, review the Strategy to Combat Transnational Organized Crime of July 19, 2011, and, if appropriate, make recommendations regarding the inclusion of crime related to wildlife trafficking as an implementation element for the Federal Government’s transnational organized crime strategy;
(c) coordinate efforts among and consult with agencies, as appropriate and consistent with the Department of State’s foreign affairs role, regarding work with foreign nations and international bodies that monitor and aid in enforcement against crime related to wildlife trafficking; and
(d) carry out other functions necessary to implement this order.
Sec. 5. Advisory Council on Wildlife Trafficking. Not later than 180 days from the date of this order, the Secretary of the Interior (Secretary), in consultation with the other Co-Chairs of the Task Force, shall establish an Advisory Council on Wildlife Trafficking (Advisory Council) that shall make recommendations to the Task Force and provide it with ongoing advice and assistance. The Advisory Council shall have eight members, one of whom shall be designated by the Secretary as the Chair. Members shall not be employees of the Federal Government and shall include knowledgeable individuals from the private sector, former governmental officials, representatives of nongovernmental organizations, and others who are in a position to provide expertise and support to the Task Force.
Sec. 6. General Provisions. (a) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable domestic and international law, and subject to the availability of appropriations.
(b) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:
(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department, agency, or the head thereof, or the status of that department or agency within the Federal Government; or
(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.
(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
(d) Insofar as the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. App.) (the “Act”), may apply to the Advisory Council, any functions of the President under the Act, except for that of reporting to the Congress, shall be performed by the Secretary in accordance with the guidelines issued by the Administrator of General Services.
(e) The Department of the Interior shall provide funding and administrative support for the Task Force and Advisory Council to the extent permitted by law and consistent with existing appropriations.
[Reference to the National Security Staff to be understood to refer to the staff of the National Security Council, see Ex. Ord. No. 13657, set out as a note under section 3021 of Title 50, War and National Defense.]
Term of Advisory Council on Wildlife Trafficking extended until Sept. 30, 2017, by Ex. Ord. No. 13708, Sept. 30, 2015, 80 F.R. 60271, set out as a note under section 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
The following state regulations pages link to this page.
- Ala. Admin. Code r. 335-8-2-.01 - 335-8-2-.01 - General Rules Applicable To All Uses Subject To The Alabama Coastal Area Management Plan (ACAMP)
- Ala. Admin. Code r. 880-X-10C-.49 - 880-X-10C-.49 - Protection Of Fish, Wildlife, And Related Environmental Values
- Ala. Admin. Code r. 880-X-10D-.45 - 880-X-10D-.45 - Protection Of Fish, Wildlife, And Related Environmental Values
- Ala. Admin. Code r. 880-X-8C-.05 - 880-X-8C-.05 - Exploration: General Requirements For Removal Of More Than 250 Tons and Disturbance Of More Than One-half Acre Or On Lands Designated Unsuitable For Surface Mining Operations
- Ala. Admin. Code r. 880-X-8C-.06 - 880-X-8C-.06 - Applications: Approval Or Disapproval Of Exploration Of More Than 250 Tons
- 14 CCR Sec. 15192 - § 15192 - Threshold Requirements for Exemptions for Agricultural Housing, Affordable Housing, and Residential Infill Projects.
- 14 CCR Sec. 226 - § 226 - Issuance of Permits for Importing Live Aquatic Plants or Animals to Persons Other than Registered Aquaculturists.
- Fla. Admin. Code r. 68A-27.0012 - 68A-27.0012 - Procedures for Listing and Removing Species from Florida's Endangered and Threatened Species List
- Fla. Admin. Code r. 68A-27.003 - 68A-27.003 - Florida Endangered and Threatened Species List; Prohibitions
- Fla. Admin. Code r. 68E-1.004 - 68E-1.004 - General Permit Application Procedures, Requirements and Expiration
- IL Admin. Code 35.830.203 - Section 830.203 - Location Standards for Landscape Waste Compost Facilities
- IL Admin. Code 62.1772.12 - Section 1772.12 - Permit Requirements for Exploration Removing More Than 250 Tons of Coal
- IL Admin. Code 62.1773.12 - Section 1773.12 - Regulatory Coordination with Requirements under Other Laws
- IL Admin. Code 62.1816.97 - Section 1816.97 - Protection of Fish, Wildlife, and Related Environmental Values
- IL Admin. Code 62.1817.97 - Section 1817.97 - Protection of Fish, Wildlife and Related Environmental Values
- 312 Ind. Admin. Code 25-4-109 - 312 IAC 25-4-109 - Review, public participation, and approval or disapproval of permit applications; permit terms and conditions; responsibility
- 312 Ind. Admin. Code 25-4-11 - 312 IAC 25-4-11 - Exploration of more than 250 tons; special requirements
- 312 Ind. Admin. Code 25-4-115 - 312 IAC 25-4-115 - Review, public participation, and approval or disapproval of permit applications; permit terms and conditions; permit approval or denial
- 312 Ind. Admin. Code 25-4-29 - 312 IAC 25-4-29 - Surface mining permit applications; environmental resources information; fish and wildlife
- 312 Ind. Admin. Code 25-4-46 - 312 IAC 25-4-46 - Surface mining permit applications; reclamation plan; fish and wildlife protection and enhancement
- 312 Ind. Admin. Code 25-4-70 - 312 IAC 25-4-70 - Underground mining permit applications; environmental resources information; fish and wildlife
- 312 Ind. Admin. Code 25-4-84 - 312 IAC 25-4-84 - Underground mining permit applications; reclamation plan; fish and wildlife protection and enhancement
- 312 Ind. Admin. Code 25-6-109 - 312 IAC 25-6-109 - Underground mining; protection of fish, wildlife, and related environmental values
- 312 Ind. Admin. Code 25-6-46 - 312 IAC 25-6-46 - Surface mining; protection of fish, wildlife, and related environmental values
- La. Admin. Code tit. 43, Part XV, §2111 - §2111 - General Requirements: Development Operations Involving Removal of More Than 250 Tons
- La. Admin. Code tit. 43, Part XV, §5105 - §5105 - Performance Standards for Coal Exploration or Development
- La. Admin. Code tit. 43, Part XV, §5399 - §5399 - Protection of Fish, Wildlife and Related Environmental Values
- Miss. Admin. Code. 11-8-17 - Rule 17 - General Requirements for Permit or Exploration Procedure Systems
- Miss. Admin. Code. 11-8-27 - Rule 27 - Surface Mining Permit Applications: Minimum Requirements for Reclamation and Operation Plan
- Miss. Admin. Code. 11-8-31 - Rule 31 - Public Participation, Approval of Permit Applications and Permit Terms and Conditions
- Miss. Admin. Code. 11-8-51 - Rule 51 - Permanent Program Performance Standards: Coal Exploration and Development Operations
- Miss. Admin. Code. 11-8-53 - Rule 53 - Permanent Program Performance Standards Surface Mining Activities
- 10 CSR 40-3.100 - 10 CSR 40-3.100 - Requirements for the Protection of Fish, Wildlife and Related Environmental Values and Protection Against Slides and Other Damage
- 10 CSR 40-6.040 - 10 CSR 40-6.040 - Surface Mining Permit Applications-Minimum Requirements for Information on Environmental Resources
- 10 CSR 40-6.050 - 10 CSR 40-6.050 - Surface Mining Permit Applications-Minimum Requirements for Reclamation and Operations Plan
- 10 CSR 40-6.070 - 10 CSR 40-6.070 - Review, Public Participation and Approval of Permit Applications and Permit Terms and Conditions
- Mont. Admin. R. 17.24.751 - 17.24.751 - PROTECTION AND ENHANCEMENT OF FISH, WILDLIFE, AND RELATED ENVIRONMENTAL VALUES
- Mont. Admin. R. 36.11.425 - 36.11.425 - WATERSHED MANAGEMENT - STREAMSIDE MANAGEMENT ZONES AND RIPARIAN MANAGEMENT ZONES
- Nev. Admin. Code § 503.250 - 503.250 - Possession and replacement of raptors by apprentice licensee, general licensee or master licensee.
- 15A NCAC 02B .0110 - 15A NCAC 02B .0110 - CONSIDERATIONS FOR FEDERALLY-LISTED THREATENED OR ENDANGERED AQUATIC SPECIES
- 15A NCAC 02B .0601 - 15A NCAC 02B .0601 - SITE SPECIFIC WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR THE GOOSE CREEK WATERSHED (YADKIN PEE-DEE RIVER BASIN): PURPOSE
- N.D. Admin. Code 69-05.2-08-15 - 69-05.2-08-15 - Permit applications - Permit area - Fish and wildlife resources.
- N.D. Admin. Code 69-05.2-13-08 - 69-05.2-13-08 - Performance standards - General requirements - Protection of fish, wildlife, and related environmental values.
- Ohio Admin. Code 1501:13-4-01 - 1501:13-4-01 - General contents requirements for permit applications.
- Ohio Admin. Code 1501:13-4-05 - 1501:13-4-05 - Permit application requirements for reclamation and operations plans.
- Ohio Admin. Code 1501:13-4-14 - 1501:13-4-14 - Underground mining permit application requirements for reclamation and operations plans.
- Ohio Admin. Code 1501:13-5-01 - 1501:13-5-01 - Review, public participation, and approval or disapproval of permit applications and permit terms and conditions.
- Ohio Admin. Code 1501:13-9-11 - 1501:13-9-11 - Protection of fish, wildlife, and related environmental values.
- Okla Admin. Code § 460:20-13-5 - Section 460:20-13-5 - Permit requirements for exploration removing more than 250 tons of coal
- Okla Admin. Code § 460:20-15-4 - Section 460:20-15-4 - Regulatory coordination with requirements under other laws
- Okla Admin. Code § 460:20-15-6.9 - Section 460:20-15-6.9 - Written findings for permit application approval
- Okla Admin. Code § 460:20-43-35 - Section 460:20-43-35 - Protection of fish, wildlife, and related environmental values
- Okla Admin. Code § 460:20-45-35 - Section 460:20-45-35 - Protection of fish, wildlife, and related environmental values
- OR Admin. Rule 603-073-0100 - 603-073-0100 - Permits and Transactions in Threatened or Endangered Species
- 250-RICR-140-05-1 - Part 1 - Rules and Regulations for Solid Waste Management Facilities and Organic Waste Management Facilities (250-RICR-140-05-1)
- 250-RICR-140-05-8 - Part 8 - Solid Waste Regulation No. 8, Rhode Island Organic Waste Recycling Facilities (Composting Regulations) (250-RICR-140-05-8)
- 650-RICR-20-05-11 - Part 11 - RICRMP: Ocean SAMP - Chapter 11 - Policies of the Ocean SAMP (650-RICR-20-05-11)
- 650-RICR-20-05-8 - Part 8 - RICRMP: Ocean SAMP - Chapter 8 - Renewable Energy and Other Offshore Development (650-RICR-20-05-8)
- Utah Admin. Code R645-300-100 - R645-300-100 - Review, Public Participation, and Approval or Disapproval of Permit Applications and Permit Terms and Conditions.
- Vt. Code R. 12 010 012 - 12 010 012 - VERMONT ENDANGERED AND THREATENED SPECIES (10 V.S.A. APP. §10)
- 4 Va. Admin. Code § 15-20-130 - 4VAC15-20-130 - Endangered and threatened species; adoption of federal list; additional species enumerated.
- 4 Va. Admin. Code § 25-130-772.12 - 4VAC25-130-772.12 - Permit requirements for exploration removing more than 250 tons of coal, or occurring on lands designated as unsuitable for surface coal mining operations.
- 4 Va. Admin. Code § 25-130-773.12 - 4VAC25-130-773.12 - Regulatory coordination with other agencies.
- 4 Va. Admin. Code § 25-130-816.97 - 4VAC25-130-816.97 - Protection of fish, wildlife, and related environmental values.
- 4 Va. Admin. Code § 25-130-817.97 - 4VAC25-130-817.97 - Protection of fish, wildlife, and related environmental values.
- Wash. Admin. Code § 173-204-564 - 173-204-564 - Sediment cleanup levels based on protection of higher trophic level species.
- Wash. Admin. Code § 222-12-041 - 222-12-041 - Use of approved state and federal conservation agreements for aquatic resources.
- Wis. Admin. Code NR Sec. 103.04 - NR 103.04 - Wetlands in areas of special natural resource interest
- Environmental Quality, Dept. of, Hazardous Waste, Ch. 1 § 264 - Section 264 - STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES.
- Environmental Quality, Dept. of, Land Quality - Coal, Ch. 10 § 2 - Section 2 - General Requirements: Exploration of More than 250 Tons or in an Area Designated as Unsuitable.
- Environmental Quality, Dept. of, Land Quality - Coal, Ch. 10 § 4 - Section 4 - Exploration and Reclamation Performance Standards.
- Environmental Quality, Dept. of, Land Quality - Coal, Ch. 4 § 2 - Section 2 - General Environmental Protection Performance Standards
- Environmental Quality, Dept. of, Solid Waste Management, Ch. 2 § 4 - Section 4 - Location Standards.
- Environmental Quality, Dept. of, Solid Waste Management, Ch. 3 § 3 - Section 3 - Location Standards.
- Environmental Quality, Dept. of, Solid Waste Management, Ch. 4 § 4 - Section 4 - Location Standards.
- Environmental Quality, Dept. of, Solid Waste Management, Ch. 6 § 4 - Section 4 - Location Standards.