42 U.S. Code § 1395a - Free choice by patient guaranteed
Any individual entitled to insurance benefits under this subchapter may obtain health services from any institution, agency, or person qualified to participate under this subchapter if such institution, agency, or person undertakes to provide him such services.
Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any contract entered into by a physician or practitioner unless an affidavit described in subparagraph (B) is in effect during the period any item or service is to be provided pursuant to the contract.
In this subsection, the term “applicable 2-year period” means, with respect to an affidavit of a physician or practitioner under subparagraph (B), the 2-year period beginning on the date the affidavit is signed and includes each subsequent 2-year period unless the physician or practitioner involved provides notice to the Secretary (in a form and manner specified by the Secretary), not later than 30 days before the end of the previous 2-year period, that the physician or practitioner does not want to extend the application of the affidavit for such subsequent 2-year period.
Section 1395w–4(g) of this title shall not apply with respect to any item or service provided to a medicare beneficiary under a contract described in paragraph (1).
Beginning not later than February 1, 2016, the Secretary shall make publicly available through an appropriate publicly accessible website of the Department of Health and Human Services information on the number and characteristics of opt-out physicians and practitioners and shall update such information on such website not less often than annually.
The term “medicare beneficiary” means an individual who is entitled to benefits under part A of this subchapter or enrolled under part B of this subchapter.
The term “physician” has the meaning given such term by paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) of section 1395x(r) of this title.
The term “practitioner” has the meaning given such term by section 1395u(b)(18)(C) of this title.
2015—Subsec. (b)(3)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 114–10, § 106(a)(1)(A)(i), substituted “during the applicable 2-year period (as defined in subparagraph (D))” for “during the 2-year period beginning on the date the affidavit is signed”.
Subsec. (b)(3)(C). Pub. L. 114–10, § 106(a)(1)(A)(ii), substituted “during the applicable 2-year period” for “during the 2-year period described in subparagraph (B)(ii)” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (b)(3)(D). Pub. L. 114–10, § 106(a)(1)(A)(iii), added subpar. (D).
Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 114–10, § 106(a)(2)(C), added par. (5). Former par. (5) redesignated (6).
Subsec. (b)(5)(D). Pub. L. 114–10, § 106(a)(2)(A), added subpar. (D).
Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 114–10, § 106(a)(2)(B), redesignated par. (5) as (6).
2003—Subsec. (b)(5)(B). Pub. L. 108–173 substituted “paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) of section 1395x(r)” for “section 1395x(r)(1)”.
1997—Pub. L. 105–33 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).