42 U.S. Code § 1396w–4 - State option to provide coordinated care through a health home for individuals with chronic conditions
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(a) In general
Notwithstanding section 1396a (a)(1) of this title (relating to statewideness), section 1396a (a)(10)(B) of this title (relating to comparability), and any other provision of this subchapter for which the Secretary determines it is necessary to waive in order to implement this section, beginning January 1, 2011, a State, at its option as a State plan amendment, may provide for medical assistance under this subchapter to eligible individuals with chronic conditions who select a designated provider (as described under subsection (h)(5)), a team of health care professionals (as described under subsection (h)(6)) operating with such a provider, or a health team (as described under subsection (h)(7)) as the individual’s health home for purposes of providing the individual with health home services.
(b) Health home qualification standards
The Secretary shall establish standards for qualification as a designated provider for the purpose of being eligible to be a health home for purposes of this section.
(1) In general
A State shall provide a designated provider, a team of health care professionals operating with such a provider, or a health team with payments for the provision of health home services to each eligible individual with chronic conditions that selects such provider, team of health care professionals, or health team as the individual’s health home. Payments made to a designated provider, a team of health care professionals operating with such a provider, or a health team for such services shall be treated as medical assistance for purposes of section 1396b (a) of this title, except that, during the first 8 fiscal year quarters that the State plan amendment is in effect, the Federal medical assistance percentage applicable to such payments shall be equal to 90 percent.
(A) In general
The State shall specify in the State plan amendment the methodology the State will use for determining payment for the provision of health home services. Such methodology for determining payment—
(i) may be tiered to reflect, with respect to each eligible individual with chronic conditions provided such services by a designated provider, a team of health care professionals operating with such a provider, or a health team, as well as the severity or number of each such individual’s chronic conditions or the specific capabilities of the provider, team of health care professionals, or health team; and
(3) Planning grants
(A) In general
Beginning January 1, 2011, the Secretary may award planning grants to States for purposes of developing a State plan amendment under this section. A planning grant awarded to a State under this paragraph shall remain available until expended.
(B) State contribution
(d) Hospital referrals
A State shall include in the State plan amendment a requirement for hospitals that are participating providers under the State plan or a waiver of such plan to establish procedures for referring any eligible individuals with chronic conditions who seek or need treatment in a hospital emergency department to designated providers.
A State shall consult and coordinate, as appropriate, with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration in addressing issues regarding the prevention and treatment of mental illness and substance abuse among eligible individuals with chronic conditions.
A State shall include in the State plan amendment—
(1) a methodology for tracking avoidable hospital readmissions and calculating savings that result from improved chronic care coordination and management under this section; and
(2) a proposal for use of health information technology in providing health home services under this section and improving service delivery and coordination across the care continuum (including the use of wireless patient technology to improve coordination and management of care and patient adherence to recommendations made by their provider).
(g) Report on quality measures
As a condition for receiving payment for health home services provided to an eligible individual with chronic conditions, a designated provider shall report to the State, in accordance with such requirements as the Secretary shall specify, on all applicable measures for determining the quality of such services. When appropriate and feasible, a designated provider shall use health information technology in providing the State with such information.
In this section:
(1) Eligible individual with chronic conditions
(A) In general
Subject to subparagraph (B), the term “eligible individual with chronic conditions” means an individual who—
(2) Chronic condition
The term “chronic condition” has the meaning given that term by the Secretary and shall include, but is not limited to, the following:
(3) Health home
The term “health home” means a designated provider (including a provider that operates in coordination with a team of health care professionals) or a health team selected by an eligible individual with chronic conditions to provide health home services.
(4) Health home services
(A) In general
The term “health home services” means comprehensive and timely high-quality services described in subparagraph (B) that are provided by a designated provider, a team of health care professionals operating with such a provider, or a health team.
(B) Services described
The services described in this subparagraph are—
(iii) comprehensive transitional care, including appropriate follow-up, from inpatient to other settings;
(5) Designated provider
The term “designated provider” means a physician, clinical practice or clinical group practice, rural clinic, community health center, community mental health center, home health agency, or any other entity or provider (including pediatricians, gynecologists, and obstetricians) that is determined by the State and approved by the Secretary to be qualified to be a health home for eligible individuals with chronic conditions on the basis of documentation evidencing that the physician, practice, or clinic—
(6) Team of health care professionals
The term “team of health care professionals” means a team of health professionals (as described in the State plan amendment) that may—
(A) include physicians and other professionals, such as a nurse care coordinator, nutritionist, social worker, behavioral health professional, or any professionals deemed appropriate by the State; and
(7) Health team
The term “health team” has the meaning given such term for purposes of section 256a–1 of this title.
Source(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XIX, § 1945, as added Pub. L. 111–148, title II, § 2703(a),Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 319.)
References in Text
Section 5001 ofPublic Law 111–5, referred to in subsec. (c)(3)(B), is set out as a note under section 1396d of this title.
Survey and Interim Report
“(A) In general.—Not later than January 1, 2014, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall survey States that have elected the option under section 1945 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1396w–4] (as added by subsection (a)) and report to Congress on the nature, extent, and use of such option, particularly as it pertains to—
“(i) hospital admission rates;
“(ii) chronic disease management;
“(iii) coordination of care for individuals with chronic conditions;
“(iv) assessment of program implementation;
“(v) processes and lessons learned (as described in subparagraph (B));
“(vi) assessment of quality improvements and clinical outcomes under such option; and
“(vii) estimates of cost savings.
“(B) Implementation reporting.—A State that has elected the option under section 1945 of the Social Security Act (as added by subsection (a)) shall report to the Secretary, as necessary, on processes that have been developed and lessons learned regarding provision of coordinated care through a health home for Medicaid beneficiaries with chronic conditions under such option.”
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