2016—Par. (14). Pub. L. 114–322 substituted “sections 300j–12, 300j–19a, and 300j–19b of this title” for “section 300j–12 of this title”.
1996—Par. (1). Pub. L. 104–182, § 101(a)(1)(B), inserted at end “At any time after promulgation of a regulation referred to in this paragraph, the Administrator may add equally effective quality control and testing procedures by guidance published in the Federal Register. Such procedures shall be treated as an alternative for public water systems to the quality control and testing procedures listed in the regulation.”
Par. (1)(D). Pub. L. 104–182, § 101(a)(1)(A), inserted “accepted methods for” before “quality control”.
Par. (4). Pub. L. 104–182, § 101(b)(1), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted par. and subpar. headings, redesignated former subpars. (A) and (B) as cls. (i) and (ii), respectively, substituted “water for human consumption through pipes or other constructed conveyances” for “piped water for human consumption” in first sentence, and added subpars. (B) and (C).
Par. (13). Pub. L. 104–182, § 101(a)(2), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), substituted “Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the term” for “The term”, and added subpar. (B).
Par. (14). Pub. L. 104–182, § 101(a)(3), inserted at end “For purposes of section 300j–12 of this title, the term includes any Native village (as defined in section 1602(c) of title 43).”
Pars. (15), (16). Pub. L. 104–182, § 101(a)(4), added pars. (15) and (16).
1986—Par. (10). Pub. L. 99–339, § 302(b)(2), substituted “Indian Tribe” for “Indian tribal organization authorized by law”.
Par. (14). Pub. L. 99–339, § 302(b)(1), added par. (14).
1977—Par. (12). Pub. L. 95–190 expanded definition of “person” to include Federal agency, and officers, employees, and agents of any corporation, company, etc.
1976—Par. (13). Pub. L. 94–484 defined “State” to include Northern Mariana Islands.
Pub. L. 94–317 added par. (13).
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment
Pub. L. 104–182, § 2(b), Aug. 6, 1996, 110 Stat. 1614, provided that:
“Except as otherwise specified in this Act [enacting sections 300g–7
, and 300j–12
of this title and section 1263a of Title 33
, Navigation and Navigable Waters, amending this section, sections 300g–1 to 300g–6, 300h, 300h–5 to 300h–7, 300i, 300i–1, 300j to 300j–2, 300j–4 to 300j–8, 300j–11, and 300j–21 to 300j–25 of this title,
sections 4701 and 4721 of Title
16, Conservation, and section 349 of Title 21
, Food and Drugs,
repealing section 13551 of this title
, enacting provisions set out as notes under this section, sections 201, 300g–1, 300j–1, and 300j–12 of this title,section 1281 of Title 33
, and section 45 of former Title
40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 201 of this title
] or in the amendments made by this Act, this Act and the amendments made by this Act shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 6, 1996
Pub. L. 104–182, § 3, Aug. 6, 1996, 110 Stat. 1614, provided that:
“The Congress finds that—
safe drinking water is essential to the protection of public health;
because the requirements of the Safe Drinking Water Act
(42 U.S.C. 300f
et seq.) now exceed the financial and technical capacity of some public water systems, especially many small public water systems, the Federal Government needs to provide assistance to communities to help the communities meet Federal drinking water requirements;
the Federal Government commits to maintaining and improving its partnership with the States
in the administration and implementation of the Safe Drinking Water Act
play a central role in the implementation of safe drinking water programs,
need increased financial resources
and appropriate flexibility to ensure the prompt and effective development
and implementation of drinking water programs;
the existing process for the assessment and selection of additional drinking water contaminants
needs to be revised and improved to ensure that there is a sound scientific basis for setting priorities in establishing drinking water regulations;
procedures for assessing the health effects of contaminants
establishing drinking water standards should be revised to provide greater opportunity for public education and participation;
in considering the appropriate level of regulation for contaminants
in drinking water, risk assessment, based on sound and objective science, and benefit-cost
analysis are important analytical tools for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of drinking water regulations
to protect human health;
“(8) more effective protection of public health requires—
a Federal commitment to set priorities that will allow scarce Federal, State
, and local resources
to be targeted toward the drinking water problems of greatest public health concern;
prevention of drinking water contamination through well
-trained system operators, water systems with adequate managerial, technical, and financial capacity, and enhanced protection of source waters of public water systems;
consumers served by public water systems should be provided with information on the source of the water they are drinking and its quality and safety, as well
as prompt notification of any violation
of drinking water regulations
Pub. L. 104–182, title I, § 101(b)(2), Aug. 6, 1996, 110 Stat. 1617, provided that:
“The Comptroller General of the United States shall undertake a study to—
ascertain the numbers and locations of individuals and households
relying for their residential water needs, including drinking, bathing, and cooking (or other similar uses) on irrigation water systems, mining water systems, industrial water systems, or other water systems covered by section 1401(4)(B) of the Safe Drinking Water Act
[42 U.S.C. 300f(4)(B)
] that are not public water systems subject to the Safe Drinking Water Act
[42 U.S.C. 300f
determine the sources and costs
and affordability (to users and systems) of water used by such populations for their residential water needs; and
and water system compliance with the exclusion provisions of section 1401(4)(B) of such Act.
The Comptroller General shall submit a report
to the Congress
within 3 years
after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 6, 1996
] containing the results of such study.”
Rural Water Survey; Report to President and Congress; Authorization of Appropriations
Pub. L. 93–523, § 3, Dec. 16, 1974, 88 Stat. 1693, as amended by Pub. L. 95–190, §§ 2(d), 3(d), Nov. 16, 1977, 91 Stat. 1393, 1394, directed Administrator of Environmental Protection Agency, after consultation with Secretary of Agriculture and the several States, to enter into arrangements with public or private entities to conduct a survey of quantity, quality, and availability of rural drinking water supplies, which survey was to include, but not be limited to, consideration of number of residents in each rural area who presently are being inadequately served by a public or private drinking water supply system, or by an individual home drinking water supply system, or who presently have limited or otherwise inadequate access to drinking water, or who, due to absence or inadequacy of a drinking water supply system, are exposed to an increased health hazard, and who have experienced incidents of chronic or acute illness, which may be attributed to inadequacy of a drinking water supply system. Survey to be completed within eighteen months of Dec. 16, 1974, and a final report thereon submitted, not later than six months after completion of survey, to President and to Congress.