42 U.S. Code § 4101 - Identification of flood-prone areas
The Administrator is directed to accelerate the identification of risk zones within flood-prone and mudslide-prone areas, as provided by subsection (a)(2) of this section, in order to make known the degree of hazard within each such zone at the earliest possible date. To accomplish this objective, the Administrator is authorized, without regard to subsections (a) and (b) of section 3324 of title 31 and section 6101 of title 41, to make grants, provide technical assistance, and enter into contracts, cooperative agreements, or other transactions, on such terms as he may deem appropriate, or consent to modifications thereof, and to make advance or progress payments in connection therewith.
The Secretary of Defense (through the Army Corps of Engineers), the Secretary of the Interior (through the United States Geological Survey), the Secretary of Agriculture (through the Soil Conservation Service), the Secretary of Commerce (through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), the head of the Tennessee Valley Authority, and the heads of all other Federal agencies engaged in the identification or delineation of flood-risk zones within the several States shall, in consultation with the Administrator, give the highest practicable priority in the allocation of available manpower and other available resources to the identification and mapping of flood hazard areas and flood-risk zones, in order to assist the Administrator to meet the deadline established by this section.
The Administrator shall, not later than September 30, 1984, submit to the Congress a plan for bringing all communities containing flood-risk zones into full program status by September 30, 1987.
Once during each 5-year period (the 1st such period beginning on September 23, 1994) or more often as the Administrator determines necessary, the Administrator shall assess the need to revise and update all floodplain areas and flood risk zones identified, delineated, or established under this section, based on an analysis of all natural hazards affecting flood risks.
To promote compliance with the requirements of this chapter, the Administrator shall make flood insurance rate maps and related information available free of charge to the Federal entities for lending regulation, Federal agency lenders, State agencies directly responsible for coordinating the national flood insurance program, and appropriate representatives of communities participating in the national flood insurance program, and at a reasonable cost to all other persons. Any receipts resulting from this subsection shall be deposited in the National Flood Insurance Fund, pursuant to section 4017(b)(6) of this title.
The Administrator shall cause notice to be published in the Federal Register (or shall provide notice by another comparable method) of any change to flood insurance map panels and any change to flood insurance map panels issued in the form of a letter of map amendment or a letter of map revision. Such notice shall be published or otherwise provided not later than 30 days after the map change or revision becomes effective. Notice by any method other than publication in the Federal Register shall include all pertinent information, provide for regular and frequent distribution, and be at least as accessible to map users as notice in the Federal Register. All notices under this subsection shall include information on how to obtain copies of the changes or revisions.
Every 6 months, the Administrator shall publish separately in their entirety within a compendium, all changes and revisions to flood insurance map panels and all letters of map amendment and letters of map revision for which notice was published in the Federal Register or otherwise provided during the preceding 6 months. The Administrator shall make such compendia available, free of charge, to Federal entities for lending regulation, Federal agency lenders, and States and communities participating in the national flood insurance program pursuant to section 4017 of this title and at cost to all other parties. Any receipts resulting from this subsection shall be deposited in the National Flood Insurance Fund, pursuant to section 4017(b)(6) of this title.
In the implementation of revisions to and updates of flood insurance rate maps, the Administrator shall share information, to the extent appropriate, with the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and representatives from State coastal zone management programs.
This chapter, referred to in subsec. (g), was in the original a reference to “this title” meaning title XIII of Pub. L. 90–448, Aug. 1, 1968, 82 Stat. 572, known as the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4001 of this title and Tables.
In subsec. (b), “section 6101 of title 41” substituted for “section 3709 of the Revised Statutes (41 U.S.C. 5)” on authority of Pub. L. 111–350, § 6(c), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.
2012—Pub. L. 112–141, § 100238(b)(1), substituted “Administrator” for “Director” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 112–141, § 100219, struck out “, but which may not exceed 50 percent of the cost of carrying out the requested revision or update” before period at end.
1994—Subsecs. (e) to (j). Pub. L. 103–325 added subsecs. (e) to (j).
1989—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 101–137 added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: “establish flood-risk zones in all such areas, and make estimates with respect to the rates of probable flood-caused loss for the various flood-risk zones for each of these areas, by September 30, 1989.”
1988—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 100–242 substituted “September 30, 1989” for “March 15, 1988”.
1987—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 100–200 substituted “March 15, 1988” for “December 16, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–179 substituted “December 16, 1987” for “December 2, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–170 substituted “December 2, 1987” for “November 15, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–154 substituted “November 15, 1987” for “October 31, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–122 substituted “October 31, 1987” for “September 30, 1987”.
1986—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 99–430 substituted “September 30, 1987” for “September 30, 1986”.
Pub. L. 99–345 substituted “September 30, 1986” for “June 6, 1986”.
Pub. L. 99–289 substituted “June 6, 1986” for “April 30, 1986”.
Pub. L. 99–267 substituted “April 30, 1986” for “March 17, 1986”.
1985—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 99–219 substituted “March 17, 1986” for “December 15, 1985”.
Pub. L. 99–156 substituted “December 15, 1985” for “November 14, 1985”.
Pub. L. 99–120 substituted “November 14, 1985” for “September 30, 1985”.
1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–181, § 451(d)(1), in provisions preceding par. (1) substituted “Director” for “Secretary”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 98–181, § 451(d)(6), substituted “by September 30, 1985” for “within fifteen years following such date”.
Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 98–181, § 451(d)(1), substituted “Director” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–181, § 451(d)(7), added subsec. (d).
1973—Pub. L. 93–234 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsecs. (b) and (c).
For transfer of all functions, personnel, assets, components, authorities, grant programs, and liabilities of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including the functions of the Under Secretary for Federal Emergency Management relating thereto, to the Federal Emergency Management Agency, see section 315(a)(1) of Title 6, Domestic Security.
For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including the functions of the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see former section 313(1) and sections 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.
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