43 U.S. Code § 390h - Program to investigate reclamation and reuse of wastewater and groundwater; general authority

§ 390h.
Program to investigate reclamation and reuse of wastewater and groundwater; general authority
(a) Program established

The Secretary of the Interior (hereafter “Secretary”), acting pursuant to the Reclamation Act of 1902 (Act of June 17, 1902, 32 Stat. 388) and Acts amendatory thereof and supplementary thereto (hereafter “Federal reclamation laws”), is directed to undertake a program to investigate and identify opportunities for reclamation and reuse of municipal, industrial, domestic, and agricultural wastewater, and naturally impaired ground and surface waters, for the design and construction of demonstration and permanent facilities to reclaim and reuse wastewater, and to conduct research, including desalting, for the reclamation of wastewater and naturally impaired ground and surface waters.

(b) States included

Such program shall be limited to the States and areas referred to in section 1 of the Reclamation Act of 1902 (Act of June 17, 1902, 32 Stat. 388) [43 U.S.C. 391] as amended, and the State of Hawaii.

(c) Agreements and regulations

The Secretary is authorized to enter into such agreements and promulgate such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes and provisions of sections 390h to 390h–39 of this title.

(d) San Luis Unit of Central Valley Project, California

The Secretary shall not investigate, promote or implement, pursuant to sections 390h to 390h–39 of this title, any project intended to reclaim and reuse agricultural wastewater generated in the service area of the San Luis Unit of the Central Valley Project, California, except those measures recommended for action by the San Joaquin Valley Drainage Program in the report entitled A Management Plan for Agricultural Subsurface Drainage and Related Problems on the Westside San Joaquin Valley (September 1990).

(e) Authorization of new water recycling and reuse projects
(1) Submission to the Secretary
(A) In general

Non-Federal interests may submit proposals for projects eligible to be authorized pursuant to this section in the form of completed feasibility studies to the Secretary.

(B) Eligible projectsA project shall be considered eligible for consideration under this section if the project reclaims and reuses—
(i)
municipal, industrial, domestic, or agricultural wastewater; or
(ii)
impaired ground or surface waters.
(C) Guidelines

Within 60 days of the enactment of this Act the Secretary shall issue guidelines for feasibility studies for water recycling and reuse projects to provide sufficient information for the formulation of the studies.

(2) Review by the SecretaryThe Secretary shall review each feasibility study received under paragraph (1)(A) for the purpose of—
(A)
determining whether the study, and the process under which the study was developed, each comply with Federal laws and regulations applicable to feasibility studies of water recycling and reuse projects; and
(B)
the project is technically and financially feasible and provides a Federal benefit in accordance with the reclamation laws.
(3) Submission to CongressNot later than 180 days after the date of receipt of a feasibility study received under paragraph (1)(A), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of Representatives a report that describes—
(A)
the results of the Secretary’s review of the study under paragraph (2), including a determination of whether the project is feasible;
(B)
any recommendations the Secretary may have concerning the plan or design of the project; and
(C)
any conditions the Secretary may require for construction of the project.
(4) Eligibility for funding

The non-Federal project sponsor of any project determined by the Secretary to be feasible under paragraph (3)(A) shall be eligible to apply to the Secretary for funding for the Federal share of the costs of planning, designing and constructing the project pursuant to subsection (f).

(f) Competitive grant program for the funding of water recycling and reuse projects
(1) Establishment

The Secretary shall establish a competitive grant program under which the non-Federal project sponsor of any project determined by the Secretary to be feasible under subsection (e)(3)(A) shall be eligible to apply for funding for the planning, design, and construction of the project, subject to subsection (g)(2).

(2) PriorityWhen funding projects under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall give funding priority to projects that meet one or more of the criteria listed in paragraph (3) and are located in an area that—
(A)
has been identified by the United States Drought Monitor as experiencing severe, extreme, or exceptional drought at any time in the 4-year period before such funds are made available; or
(B)
was designated as a disaster area by a State during the 4-year period before such funds are made available.
(3) CriteriaThe project criteria referred to in paragraph (2) are the following:
(A)
Projects that are likely to provide a more reliable water supply for States and local governments.
(B)
Projects that are likely to increase the water management flexibility and reduce impacts on environmental resources from projects operated by Federal and State agencies.
(C)
Projects that are regional in nature.
(D)
Projects with multiple stakeholders.
(E)
Projects that provide multiple benefits, including water supply reliability, eco-system benefits, groundwater management and enhancements, and water quality improvements.
(g) Authorization of appropriations
(1)
There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of the Interior an additional $50,000,000 to remain available until expended.
(2)
Projects can only receive funding if enacted appropriations legislation designates funding to them by name, after the Secretary recommends specific projects for funding pursuant to subsection (f) and transmits such recommendations to the appropriate committees of Congress.
(Pub. L. 102–575, title XVI, § 1602, Oct. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 4664; Pub. L. 106–566, title I, § 104(a), Dec. 23, 2000, 114 Stat. 2819; Pub. L. 114–322, title III, § 4009(c), Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1868.)
References in Text

The Reclamation Act of 1902 (Act of June 17, 1902, 32 Stat. 388), referred to in subsec. (a), is act June 17, 1902, ch. 1093, 32 Stat. 388, which is classified generally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 371 of this title and Tables.

Hereafter, referred to in subsec. (a), means hereafter in title XVI of Pub. L. 102–575, Oct. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 4663, which enacted sections 390h to 390h–39 of this title.

The enactment of this Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(1)(C), probably means the date of enactment of Pub. L. 114–322, which added subsec. (e) and was approved Dec. 16, 2016.

Amendments

2016—Subsecs. (e) to (g). Pub. L. 114–322 added subsecs. (e) to (g).

2000—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–566 inserted “, and the State of Hawaii” before period at end.

Short Title of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–70, § 1, Sept. 21, 2005, 119 Stat. 2009, provided that:

“This Act [enacting section 390h–20 of this title and transferring section 390h–17a of this title to section 390h–19 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Hawaii Water Resources Act of 2005’.”

Short Title of 2004 Amendments

Pub. L. 108–316, § 1(a), Oct. 5, 2004, 118 Stat. 1202, provided that:

“This section [enacting section 390h–17a of this title] may be cited as the ‘Williamson County Water Recycling Act of 2004’.”

Pub. L. 108–233, § 1, May 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 654, provided that:

“This Act [enacting section 390h–18 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Irvine Basin Surface and Groundwater Improvement Act of 2004’.”

Short Title of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–566, title I, § 101, Dec. 23, 2000, 114 Stat. 2818, provided that:

“This title [amending this section] may be cited as the ‘Hawaii Water Resources Act of 2000’.”

Short Title of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–321, § 1(a), Oct. 30, 1998, 112 Stat. 3020, provided that:

“This Act [enacting section 390h–16 of this title, amending section 564w–1 of Title 25, Indians, and enacting and amending provisions listed in a table of National Wildlife Refuges set out under section 668dd of Title 16, Conservation] may be cited as the ‘Oregon Public Lands Transfer and Protection Act of 1998’.”

Short Title of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–266, § 1, Oct. 9, 1996, 110 Stat. 3290, provided that:

“This Act [enacting sections 390h–12a to 390h–12p of this title and amending sections 390h–1 to 390h–3, 390h–9, and 390h–13 to 390h–15 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Reclamation Recycling and Water Conservation Act of 1996’.”

Short Title

Pub. L. 102–575, title XVI, § 1601, Oct. 30, 1992, 106 Stat. 4663, provided that:

“This title [enacting sections 390h to 390h–15 of this title] may be referred to as the ‘Reclamation Wastewater and Groundwater Study and Facilities Act’.”

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