U.S. Code: Title 44 - PUBLIC PRINTING AND DOCUMENTS

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This title was enacted by Pub. L. 90–620, § 1, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1238

Current through 114-86

Amendments

2014—Pub. L. 113–187, § 9(f)(2), Nov. 26, 2014, 128 Stat. 2014, struck out “and by the Administrator of General Services” after “United States” in item 29.

2002—Pub. L. 107–347, title I, § 101(b), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2910, added item 36.

1993—Pub. L. 103–40, § 2(b), June 8, 1993, 107 Stat. 113, added item 41.

1990—Pub. L. 101–509, title IV, § 1(d)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1419, added item 27.

1988—Pub. L. 100–504, title II, § 204, Oct. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 2531, added item 39.

1984—Pub. L. 98–497, title I, §§ 102(c)(2), 107(b)(18)(B), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2283, 2290, substituted “National Archives and Records Administration” for “Archival Administration” in item 21, and inserted “the Archivist of the United States and by the” in item 29.

1980—Pub. L. 96–511, § 2(b), Dec. 11, 1980, 94 Stat. 2825, substituted “Information Policy” for “Reporting Services” in item 35.

1978—Pub. L. 95–591, § 2(b)(1), Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2528, added item 22.

Pub. L. 95–378, § 2(b), Sept. 22, 1978, 92 Stat. 723, struck out item 27 “Federal Records Council”.

1974—Pub. L. 93–536, § 2, Dec. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 1735, substituted “National Historical Publications and Records Commission” for “National Historical Publications Commission” in item 25.

Change of Name

“Government Publishing Office” substituted for “Government Printing Office” in items 3 and 39 on authority of section 1301(b) of Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537, set out as a note preceding section 301 of this title.

Table Showing Disposition of All Sections of Former Title 44

Title 44

Former Sections

Title 44

New Sections

1

101

2

102

4

103

5

509

6

510

7

511

8

512

9

513

10

514

11

515

12

516

13

517

14

504

15, 16

Rep.

31

301

32

304

33–35

Rep.

36

508

37, 38

Rep.

39

302

39a

303

40

305

41

306

42

307

43–46

Rep.

47

316

48

Elim.

49

313

50, 51

Rep.

51a

Elim.

52

Elim.

52a

308

53

T. 18 § 442

54–57

Rep.

58

505

59

312

60

Rep.

61

315

62

314

63

309

63a

309

64

311

71

1702

72

1705

72a

1708

73

308, 1702

74

1703

75

1704

76

1710

77

1711

78

1720

79

1707

80

1713

81

1712

81a

1901

81b

1902

81c

1914

82

1905

83

1904

84

1910

84a

1912

85

1903, 1906

85a

1913

86

1909

87

1907

87a

Rep.

88

1908

89

Elim.

90

Rep.

91

1717

91a

1716

92

1119, 1911

93

1721

94

1709

95

1701

96

1722

111

501

111a

502

111b

503

111c

Elim.

112, 113

Rep.

114

1706

115

506, 507

116

501, 1123

117

1103

118

1104

119

1120

120

Elim.

121

1111

131

701

132

702

133

703

134

702

135

705

136

714

137

704

138

715

139

1718

139a

1719

140

716

141

718

142

719

143

738

144

717

145

Elim.

146

734

147

713

148

720

149

721

150

722

151

723

152

724

153

725

154

726

155

727

156

1326

157

730

158

731

159

732

160

735

161

736

162

733

163

908

164

Rep.

165

739

166

740

167

741

168

737

169

Elim.

170

1333

181

901

182

902

182a

903

182b

904

182c

905

183

906

184

Rep.

185

907

186

Rep.

187

909

188

910

189

706

189a

707

190

708

191

709

191a

710

192

711

193

712

194–196

Rep.

196a

728

197

729

211

1101

212 (1st sent.)

1115

212 (2d sent.)

1114

213 (1st par.)

1102

213 (2d par., 1st sent.)

1116

213 (2d par., 2d sent., 1st cl.)

1302

213 (2d par., 2d, 3d sents.)

1308–1310, 1336

213 (3d par.)

1116

213a

1117

214

1107

215

1110

215a

1714

216

1105

217

1715

218

1106

219

1102, 1113

219a

1118

220

1108

221

Rep.

222

1112

223

Rep.

224

1109

225

1121

226

Rep.

227

1122

228, 229

Elim.

230

310

241

1301

242

Rep.

243

1303

244

Rep.

245

1304

246

1307

247

Rep.

248

1306

249

1328

250

1317

251, 252

Rep.

253

1313

254

1314

255, 256

Rep.

257

Elim.

258

1315

259

1316

260

1318

261

1319

262

1320

263

1312

265

1321

266

1322

267

Elim.

268

Rep.

269

1323

270

1324

271

1325

272

1327

273

1329

274

Rep.

275

1331

275a

Rep.

275b

1332

276

Rep.

276a

1333

277

Rep.

278

1334

279

1335

279a

Rep.

280, 280a

Rep.

281, 282

Rep.

283

1337

283a

Rep.

284

1338

285

1339

286, 287

Rep.

288

1340

289

1341

290

1342

291

1343

292

Elim.

293, 294

Rep.

295

1344

296

Rep.

296a

1305

297

1311

298

1330

300–300f

Rep.

300f–1

Rep.

300g, 300h

Rep.

300h–1

Rep.

300i–300k

Rep.

300aa

Rep.

300bb

2301

300cc

2305

300dd

2306

300ee

2307

300ff

2303

300gg

2308

300hh

2302

300ii

2304

300jj

Rep.

301

1502

302

1503

303

1504

304

1501

305

1505

306

1506

307

1507

308

1508

309

1509

310, 310a

Rep.

311

1510

311a

Rep.

312

1511

313, 314

Rep.

321

3701

322

3703

323

Rep.

324

3702

325

3703

326

Rep.

351–365

Rep.

366

3301

367

3302

368

3303

369

3304

370

3305

371

3306

372

3307

373

3308

374

3309

375

3310

376

3311

377

Rep.

378

3312

379

3313

380

3314

391

1506, 2108, 2301, 2501, 2902

392

2903

393(a)

2501

393(b)

2502

393(c)

2503

393(d)

2504

393(e)

2505

393(f)

2504 nt.

393(g)

2506

393(h)

2507

394

2701

395(a)

2904

395(b)

2905

395(c)

2906

395(d)

2907

395(e)

2908

395(f)

2909

396(a)

3101

396(b)

3102

396(c)

3103

396(d)

3104

396(e)

3105

396(f)

3106

396(g)

3107

396a

2910

397(a)

2103

397(b)

2104

397(c)

2105

397(d)

2106

397(e)

2107

397(f)

2108

397(g)

Rep.

397(h)

2109

397(i)

2110

397(j)

2101

398

2111

399

2112

400

2113

401

2901

402

2114

421

3501

422(a)

3503

422(b)

3504

422(c)

3505

422(d)

3506

422(e)

3507

423

3508

424

3509

425

3510

426

3502

427

3511

Enacting Clause

Section 1 of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1238, provided in part:

“That the general and permanent laws relating to public printing and documents are revised, codified, and enacted as title 44, United States Code, ‘Public Printing and Documents’, and may be cited as ‘44 U.S.C. § __’ ”.

Legislative Purpose; Inconsistent Provisions

Section 2(a) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1305, provided that:

“The legislative purpose in enacting section 1 of this Act is to restate, without substantive change, the laws replaced by those sections on the effective date of this Act. Laws effective after January 14, 1968, that are inconsistent with this Act are considered as superseding it to the extent of the inconsistency.”

References to Other Laws

Section 2(b) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1305, provided that:

“A reference to a law replaced by section 1 of this Act, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.”

Outstanding Orders, Rules, and Regulations

Section 2(c) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1305, provided that:

“An order, rule, or regulation in effect under a law replaced by section 1 of this Act shall continue in effect under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act until repealed, amended, or superseded.”

Savings Provision

Section 2(d) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1305, provided that:

“An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by section 1 of this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act.”

Legislative Construction

Section 2(e) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1306, provided that:

“An inference of a legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of the location in the United States Code of a provision enacted by this Act or by reason of its caption or catchline.”

Separability

Section 2(f) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1306, provided that:

“If a provision enacted by this Act is held invalid, all valid provisions that are severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a provision of this Act is held invalid in one or more of its applications, the provision remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid application or applications.”

Repeals

Pub. L. 107–217, § 4, Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1303, repealed title V of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, act June 30, 1949, ch. 288, as added by act Sept. 5, 1950, ch. 849, § 6(d), 64 Stat. 583, which was classified to sections 392 to 401 of title 44prior to the enactment into positive law of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents, by Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1238. Section 3 of Pub. L. 90–620 repealed various laws and parts of laws, including section 6(d), but not title V.

Section 3 of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1306, repealed the sections or parts thereof of the Revised Statutes or Statutes at Large codified in this title, except with respect to rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun, before October 22, 1968, and except as provided by section 2 of Pub. L. 90–620.

 

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