44 U.S. Code § 3561. Definitions
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In this subchapter:
(2)Agent.—The term “agent” means an individual—
who is an employee of a private organization or a researcher affiliated with an institution of higher learning (including a person granted special sworn status by the Bureau of the Census under section 23(c) of title 13), and with whom a contract or other agreement is executed, on a temporary basis, by an executive agency to perform exclusively statistical activities under the control and supervision of an officer or employee of that agency;
who is a contractor or an employee of a contractor, and who is engaged by the agency to design or maintain the systems for handling or storage of data received under this subchapter; and
who agrees in writing to comply with all provisions of law that affect information acquired by that agency.
The term “business data” means operating and financial data and information about businesses, tax-exempt organizations, and government entities.
The term “data asset” has the meaning given that term in section 3502.
(8)Nonstatistical purpose.—The term “nonstatistical purpose”—
(10)Statistical activities.—The term “statistical activities”—
means the collection, compilation, processing, or analysis of data for the purpose of describing or making estimates concerning the whole, or relevant groups or components within, the economy, society, or the natural environment; and
(11)Statistical or unit.—
(12)Statistical purpose.—The term “statistical purpose”—
means the description, estimation, or analysis of the characteristics of groups, without identifying the individuals or organizations that comprise such groups; and
Section effective 180 days after Jan. 14, 2019, see section 403 of Pub. L. 115–435, set out as an Effective Date of 2019 Amendment note under section 306 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Transitional and Savings Provisions
This title [see Short Title of 2019 Amendment note set out under section 101 of this title] replaces certain provisions of law enacted on December 17, 2002. If a law enacted after that date amends or repeals a provision replaced by this title, that law is deemed to amend or repeal, as the case may be, the corresponding provision enacted by this title. If a law enacted after that date is otherwise inconsistent with this title, it supersedes this title to the extent of the inconsistency.
“(2)Original date of enactment unchanged.—
For purposes of determining whether one provision of law supersedes another based on enactment later in time, the date of the enactment of a provision enacted by this title is deemed to be the date of the enactment of the provision it replaced.
“(3)References to provisions replaced.—
A reference to a provision of law replaced by this title, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision enacted by this title.
“(4)Regulations, orders, and other administrative actions.—
A regulation, order, or other administrative action in effect under a provision of law replaced by this title continues in effect under the corresponding provision enacted by this title.
“(5)Actions taken and offenses committed.—
An action taken or an offense committed under a provision of law replaced by this title is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision enacted by this title.”
Deadline for Guidance and Implementation
“Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 14, 2019], the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall promulgate or issue any regulation or guidance required by subchapter III of [chapter 35 of] title 44, United States Code, as amended by this section, with a requirement for such regulation or guidance to be implemented not later than 1 year after the date on which such regulation or guidance has been promulgated or issued.”