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49 U.S. Code Chapter 601 - SAFETY

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  1. § 60101. Definitions
  2. § 60102. Purpose and general authority
  3. § 60103. Standards for liquefied natural gas pipeline facilities
  4. § 60104. Requirements and limitations
  5. § 60105. State pipeline safety program certifications
  6. § 60106. State pipeline safety agreements
  7. § 60107. State pipeline safety grants
  8. § 60108. Inspection and maintenance
  9. § 60109. High-density population areas and environmentally sensitive areas
  10. § 60110. Excess flow valves
  11. § 60111. Financial responsibility for liquefied natural gas facilities
  12. § 60112. Pipeline facilities hazardous to life and property
  13. § 60113. Customer-owned natural gas service lines
  14. § 60114. One-call notification systems
  15. § 60115. Technical safety standards committees
  16. § 60116. Public education programs
  17. § 60117. Administrative
  18. § 60118. Compliance and waivers
  19. § 60119. Judicial review
  20. § 60120. Enforcement
  21. § 60121. Actions by private persons
  22. § 60122. Civil penalties
  23. § 60123. Criminal penalties
  24. § 60124. Biennial reports
  25. § 60125. Authorization of appropriations
  26. § 60126. Risk management
  27. § 60127. Population encroachment and rights-of-way
  28. § 60128. Dumping within pipeline rights-of-way
  29. § 60129. Protection of employees providing pipeline safety information
  30. § 60130. Pipeline safety information grants to communities
  31. § 60131. Verification of pipeline qualification programs
  32. § 60132. National pipeline mapping system
  33. § 60133. Coordination of environmental reviews
  34. § 60134. State damage prevention programs
  35. § 60135. Enforcement transparency
  36. § 60136. Petroleum product transportation capacity study
  37. § 60137. Pipeline control room management
  38. § 60138. Response plans
  39. § 60139. Maximum allowable operating pressure
  40. § 60140. Cover over buried pipelines
  41. § 60141. Standards for underground natural gas storage facilities
  42. § 60142. Pipeline safety enhancement programs
  43. § 60143. Idled pipelines
Editorial Notes

2020—Pub. L. 116–260, div. R, title I, §§ 104(b), 109(b), Dec. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 2219, 2224, added items 60142 and 60143.

2016—Pub. L. 114–183, § 12(d)(1), June 22, 2016, 130 Stat. 524, added item 60141.

2012—Pub. L. 112–90, §§ 6(c)(2), 23(b), 28(b), Jan. 3, 2012, 125 Stat. 1910, 1919, 1921, added items 60138 to 60140.

2006—Pub. L. 109–468, §§ 2(b)(3), 6(b), 8(b), 12(b), Dec. 29, 2006, 120 Stat. 3489, 3491, 3492, 3495, added items 60134 to 60137.

2002—Pub. L. 107–355, §§ 6(c), 9(c), 11(b), 13(a)(2), 15(b), 16(b), 20(a)(2)(B), Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2993, 2995, 2997, 3001, 3006, 3008, 3010, substituted “Purpose and general authority” for “General authority” in item 60102 and “Population encroachment and rights-of-way” for “Population encroachment” in item 60127 and added items 60129 to 60133.

1996—Pub. L. 104–304, §§ 5(f)[(b)], 15(c)[(b)], 16(b), 18(b)(2), 20(e), Oct. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 3800, 3803, 3804, substituted “State pipeline safety program certifications” for “State certifications” in item 60105, “State pipeline safety agreements” for “State agreements” in item 60106, “State pipeline safety grants” for “State grants” in item 60107, and “Biennial reports” for “Annual reports” in item 60124 and added items 60126, 60127, and 60128.

Executive Documents
Expediting Review of Pipeline Projects From Cushing, Oklahoma, to Port Arthur, Texas, and Other Domestic Pipeline Infrastructure Projects

Memorandum of President of the United States, Mar. 22, 2012, 77 F.R. 18891, provided:

Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies

In an economy that relies on oil, rising prices at the pump affect all of us. With crude oil prices controlling about three-quarters of gasoline prices, the most important driver of the price here at home is the world oil price—making our economy vulnerable to events halfway around the globe. There are no quick fixes to this problem. In the long run we need to reduce America’s dependence on oil—which is why my Administration is implementing historic fuel economy standards for cars and trucks, launching new programs to improve energy efficiency in our buildings, and facilitating the safe and responsible development of our natural gas resources.

But for the foreseeable future, we will continue to rely on oil to help fuel our transportation system. As a result, we must safely and responsibly develop our oil resources here at home, as part of an all-of-the-above energy strategy to grow our economy and make us more secure.

Because of rising oil production, more efficient cars and trucks, and a world-class refining sector that last year was a net exporter of petroleum products for the first time in 60 years, we have cut net imports by a million barrels a day in the last year alone. By reducing our dependence on foreign oil, we will make our Nation more secure and improve our trade balance—creating jobs and supporting domestic industry.

In order to realize these potential benefits, we need an energy infrastructure system that can keep pace with advances in production. To promote American energy sources, we must not only extract oil—we must also be able to transport it to our world-class refineries, and ultimately to consumers.

The need for infrastructure is particularly acute right now. Because of advances in drilling technology that allow us to tap new oil deposits, we are producing more oil from unconventional sources—places like the Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas, where production grew by more than 200 percent last year, or the Bakken formation of North Dakota and Montana, where output has increased tenfold in the last 5 years alone. In States like North Dakota, Montana, and Colorado, rising production is outpacing the capacity of pipelines to deliver the oil to refineries.

Cushing, Oklahoma, is a prime example. There, in part due to rising domestic production, more oil is flowing in than can flow out, creating a bottleneck that is dampening incentives for new production while restricting oil from reaching state-of-the-art refineries on the Gulf Coast. Moving forward on a pipeline from Cushing to Port Arthur, Texas, could create jobs, promote American energy production, and ultimately benefit consumers.

Although expanding and modernizing our Nation’s pipeline infrastructure will not lower prices right away, it is a vital part of a sustained strategy to continue to reduce our reliance on foreign oil and enhance our Nation’s energy security. Therefore, as part of my Administration’s broader efforts to improve the performance of Federal permitting and review processes, we must make pipeline infrastructure a priority, ensuring the health, safety, and security of communities and the environment while supporting projects that can contribute to economic growth and a secure energy future. In doing so, the Federal Government must work in partnership with State, local, and tribal governments, which play a central role in the siting and permitting of pipelines; and, we must protect our natural resources and address the concerns of local communities.

Section 1. Expedited Review of Pipeline Projects from Cushing to Port Arthur and Other Domestic Pipeline Infrastructure Projects. (a) To address the existing bottleneck in Cushing, as well as other current or anticipated bottlenecks, agencies shall, to the maximum extent practicable and consistent with available resources and applicable laws (including those relating to public safety, public health, and environmental protection), coordinate and expedite their reviews, consultations, and other processes as necessary to expedite decisions related to domestic pipeline infrastructure projects that would contribute to a more efficient domestic pipeline system for the transportation of crude oil, such as a pipeline from Cushing to Port Arthur. This subsection shall be implemented consistent with my Executive Order of March 22, 2012 (Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects), and applicable projects shall have their status tracked on the online Federal Infrastructure Projects Dashboard referenced therein.

(b) In expediting reviews pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, agencies shall, to the maximum extent practicable and consistent with applicable law, utilize and incorporate information from prior environmental reviews and studies conducted in connection with previous applications for similar or overlapping infrastructure projects so as to avoid duplicating effort.

Sec. 2. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this memorandum shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to a department or agency, or the head thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget related to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b) This memorandum shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

(c) This memorandum is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

(d) The Director of the Office of Management and Budget is hereby authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.

Barack Obama.