1996—Par. (1). Pub. L. 104–201, which directed amendment of par. (1) by striking cl. (v) and redesignating cls. (vi), (vii), and (viii) as (v), (vi), and (vii), respectively, was executed by striking cl. (iv), relating to the Panama Canal Company, and redesignating cls. (v), (vi), and (vii) as (iv), (v), and (vi), respectively, to reflect the probable intent of Congress, because par. (1) does not contain a cl. (viii) and the amendments were included in a series of conforming amendments relating to the Panama Canal.
1992—Par. (1)(iii). Pub. L. 102–378, which directed the amendment of cl. (iv) by substituting “Virgin Islands” for “Virgin Island”, was executed by making the substitution in cl. (iii) to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
1983—Par. (1)(iii) to (viii). Pub. L. 97–468 struck out cl. (iii) which excluded the Alaska Railroad, and redesignated cls. (iv) to (viii) as (iii) to (vii), respectively.
1982—Par. (2). Pub. L. 97–221 inserted “(or 32 to 64 hours during a biweekly pay period in the case of a flexible or compressed work schedule under subchapter II of chapter 61 of this title)” after “week”.
1978—Pub. L. 95–454, § 906(c)(1)(B), renumbered section 3391 of this title as this section.
Pub. L. 95–454, § 906(c)(2)(A), substituted “chapter” for “subchapter”.
Congressional Findings and Purpose
Pub. L. 95–437, § 2, Oct. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 1055, provided that:
“(a) The Congress finds that—
many individuals in our society possess great productive potential which goes unused because they cannot meet the requirements of a standard workweek; and
“(2) part-time permanent employment—
provides older individuals with a gradual transition into retirement;
provides employment opportunities to handicapped individuals or others who require a reduced workweek;
provides parents opportunities to balance family responsibilities with the need for additional income;
benefits students who must finance their own education or vocational training;
benefits the Government, as an employer, by increasing productivity and job satisfaction, while lowering turnover rates and absenteeism, offering management more flexibility in meeting work requirements, and filling shortages in various occupations; and
benefits society by offering a needed alternative for those individuals who require or prefer shorter hours (despite the reduced income), thus increasing jobs available to reduce unemployment while retaining the skills of individuals who have training and experience.
The purpose of this Act [enacting this chapter, amending sections 8347
, and 8913
of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 3407
of this title] is to provide increased part-time career employment
opportunities throughout the Federal Government.”