5 U.S. Code § 572 - General authority
(b) An agency shall consider not using a dispute resolution proceeding if—
a definitive or authoritative resolution of the matter is required for precedential value, and such a proceeding is not likely to be accepted generally as an authoritative precedent;
the matter involves or may bear upon significant questions of Government policy that require additional procedures before a final resolution may be made, and such a proceeding would not likely serve to develop a recommended policy for the agency;
maintaining established policies is of special importance, so that variations among individual decisions are not increased and such a proceeding would not likely reach consistent results among individual decisions;
the matter significantly affects persons or organizations who are not parties to the proceeding;
a full public record of the proceeding is important, and a dispute resolution proceeding cannot provide such a record; and
Section 572 of former Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees, was transferred to section 2257 of Title 7, Agriculture.
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