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50 U.S. Code § 3242 - Annual reports on certain cyber vulnerabilities procured by intelligence community and foreign commercial providers of cyber vulnerabilities

(a) Annual reports

On an annual basis through 2026, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and the Director of the National Security Agency, in coordination with the Director of National Intelligence, shall jointly submit to the congressional intelligence committees a report containing information on foreign commercial providers and the cyber vulnerabilities procured by the intelligence community through foreign commercial providers.

(b) ElementsEach report under subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the period covered by the report, the following:
(1) A description of each cyber vulnerability procured through a foreign commercial provider, including—
a description of the vulnerability;
the date of the procurement;
whether the procurement consisted of only that vulnerability or included other vulnerabilities;
the cost of the procurement;
the identity of the commercial provider and, if the commercial provider was not the original supplier of the vulnerability, a description of the original supplier;
the country of origin of the vulnerability; and
an assessment of the ability of the intelligence community to use the vulnerability, including whether such use will be operational or for research and development, and the approximate timeline for such use.
(2) An assessment of foreign commercial providers that—
pose a significant threat to the national security of the United States; or
(B) have provided cyber vulnerabilities to any foreign government that—
has used the cyber vulnerabilities to target United States persons, the United States Government, journalists, or dissidents; or
has an established pattern or practice of violating human rights or suppressing dissent.
An assessment of whether the intelligence community has conducted business with the foreign commercial providers identified under paragraph (2) during the 5-year period preceding the date of the report.
(c) Form

Each report under subsection (a) may be submitted in classified form.

(d) DefinitionsIn this section:
(1) Commercial provider

The term “commercial provider” means any person that sells, or acts as a broker, for a cyber vulnerability.

(2) Cyber vulnerability

The term “cyber vulnerability” means any tool, exploit, vulnerability, or code that is intended to compromise a device, network, or system, including such a tool, exploit, vulnerability, or code procured by the intelligence community for purposes of research and development.

(July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title XI, § 1112, as added Pub. L. 117–103, div. X, title VIII, § 822(a), Mar. 15, 2022, 136 Stat. 1020.)
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
First Report

Pub. L. 117–103, div. X, title VIII, § 822(b), Mar. 15, 2022, 136 Stat. 1021, provided that:

“Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 15, 2022], the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and the Director of the National Security Agency shall jointly submit the first report required under section 1112 of the National Security Act of 1947 [50 U.S.C. 3242], as added by subsection (a).”