References in Text
The Arms Export Control Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(A)(i), is Pub. L. 90–269, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1320. Chapter 7 of the Act is classified generally to subchapter VII (§ 2797 et seq.) of chapter 39 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2751 of Title 22 and Tables.
Sections 4605, 4606, and 4610 of this title, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1)(A)(i), (2) and (c), were repealed by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title XVII, § 1766(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2232.
This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1)(B) and (b)(1), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 96–72, Sept. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 503, known as the Export Administration Act of 1979, which was classified principally to this chapter, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title XVII, § 1766(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2232, except for sections 11A, 11B, and 11C thereof (50 U.S.C. 4611, 4612, 4613).
Delegation of Functions
Functions of President under this section delegated to Secretary of Commerce, with certain exceptions, by section 2(b) of Ex. Ord. No. 12851, June 11, 1993, 58 F.R. 33181, set out as a note under section 2797 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.
Policy on Missile Technology Control
Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XVII, § 1701, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1738, provided that:
“It should be the policy of the United States to take all appropriate measures—
to discourage the proliferation, development, and production of the weapons, material, and technology necessary to produce or acquire missiles
that can deliver weapons of mass destruction;
to discourage countries and private persons
in other countries from aiding and abetting any states
from acquiring such weapons, material, and technology;
to strengthen United States
and existing multilateral export controls to prohibit the flow of materials, equipment, and technology that would assist countries in acquiring the ability to produce or acquire missiles
that can deliver weapons of mass destruction, including missiles
, warheads and weaponization technology, targeting technology, test and evaluation technology, and range and weapons effect measurement technology; and
“(4) with respect to the Missile Technology Control Regime (‘MTCR’) and its participating governments—
to improve enforcement and seek a common and stricter interpretation among MTCR
members of MTCR
to increase the number of countries that adhere to the MTCR
to increase information sharing among United States
agencies and among governments on missile
technology transfer, including export licensing, and enforcement activities.”