(b) Definitions.—In this section:
(1) Amateur astronomer.—
The term “amateur astronomer” means an individual whose employer does not provide any funding, payment, or compensation to the individual for the observation of asteroids and other celestial bodies, and does not include any individual employed as a professional astronomer.
(2) Minor planet center.—
(3) Near-earth asteroid.—
The term “near-Earth asteroid” means an asteroid with a perihelion distance of less than 1.3 Astronomical Units from the Sun.
(c) Charles “Pete” Conrad Astronomy Awards Program.—
(1) In general.—
The Administrator shall establish the Charles “Pete” Conrad Astronomy Awards Program.
(3) Award categories.—The Administrator shall make one annual award, unless there are no eligible discoveries or contributions, for each of the following categories:
(A) Discovery of brightest near-earth asteroid.—
(4) Award amount.—
An award under the Program shall be in the amount of $3,000.
(A) Citizen or permanent resident.—
No individual who is not a citizen or permanent resident of the United States at the time of the individual’s discovery or contribution may receive an award under this section.