2008—Pub. L. 110–246 redesignated subsecs. (b) and (c) as (a) and (b), respectively, in subsec. (b), substituted “(a)(1)” for “(b)(1)”, and struck out former subsec. (a). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “No agricultural commodity shall be available for disposition under this chapter if the Secretary determines that the disposition would reduce the domestic supply of the commodity below the supply needed to meet domestic requirements and provide adequate carryover (as determined by the Secretary), unless the Secretary determines that some part of the supply should be used to carry out urgent humanitarian purposes under this chapter.”
1996—Pub. L. 104–127 added subsec. (a) and struck out former subsec. (a) which authorized Secretary, after consultation with other affected Federal agencies, to determine agricultural commodities and quantities thereof available for disposition, redesignated subsec. (e) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which provided for modification of determination by Secretary, redesignated subsec. (f) as (c) and substituted “(b)(1)” for “(e)(1)”, struck out former subsec. (c) which provided for nonavailability of commodities if domestic supply of such commodities was adversely affected, and struck out subsec. (d) which outlined policies for distribution of commodities to developing countries.
1990—Pub. L. 101–624 amended section generally, substituting present provisions for provisions authorizing Secretary to determine types and quantities of commodities available for distribution, limiting distribution where domestic supply is threatened, and requiring available storage facilities in recipient country prior to making commodities available to such country as well as finding that distribution will not result in interference with production or marketing in that country.
1979—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 96–53 substituted “to or interference with domestic production or marketing in” for “to domestic production in”.
1977—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–113 inserted provisions under which commodities may be made available for disposition if the Secretary of Agriculture determines that some part of the supply of commodities should be used to carry out urgent humanitarian purposes, even though such disposition would reduce the domestic supply of those commodities below that needed to meet domestic requirements, provide adequate carryover, and allow for anticipated exports.
Pub. L. 95–88 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–88 added subsec. (b).
1966—Pub. L. 89–808 substituted provisions relating to determination and criteria for such determination by the Secretary of Agriculture of agricultural commodities available for disposition for former statement of purpose of provisions relating to long-term supply contracts, now covered by subchapter II of this chapter.
1962—Pub. L. 87–703 included in the statement of purpose the stimulation and increase of sales of surplus agricultural commodities for dollars through long-term supply contracts and through the extension of credit for the purchase of such commodities, by agreements with friendly nations or with private trade.
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Export Sales of Dairy Products
Pub. L. 99–198, title XI, § 1163, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1499, as amended by Pub. L. 100–435, title I, § 107, Sept. 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 1651; Pub. L. 101–624, title I, § 111, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3380; Pub. L. 103–465, title IV, § 411(c), Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4963, provided that:
In each fiscal year, the Secretary
of Agriculture may sell dairy products for export, at such prices as the Secretary
determines appropriate, in a quantity and allocated as determined by the Secretary
, consistent with the obligations undertaken by the United States set forth in the Uruguay Round Agreements, if the disposition of the commodities will not interfere with the usual marketings of the United States nor disrupt world prices of agricultural commodities and patterns of commercial trade.
Such sales shall be made through the Commodity Credit Corporation
under existing authority available to the Secretary
or the Commodity Credit Corporation
Through September 30, 1995
, the Secretary
shall report semiannually to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives
and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate
on the volume of sales made under this section.”
[Amendment of section 1163 of Pub. L. 99–198, set out above, by Pub. L. 103–465 effective on the date of entry into force of the WTO Agreement with respect to the United States (Jan. 1, 1995), except as otherwise provided, see section 451 of Pub. L. 103–465, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3601 of Title 19, Customs Duties.]
[Amendment of section 1163 of Pub. L. 99–198, set out above, by Pub. L. 100–435 effective and implemented on Oct. 1, 1988, see section 701 of Pub. L. 100–435, set out as a note under section 2012 of this title.]