8 U.S. Code § 1440–1 - Posthumous citizenship through death while on active-duty service in armed forces during World War I, World War II,...hostilities, the Vietnam hostilities, or in other periods of military hostilities
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(a) Permitting granting of posthumous citizenship
Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide, in accordance with this section, for the granting of posthumous citizenship at the time of death to a person described in subsection (b) of this section if the Secretary of Homeland Security approves an application for that posthumous citizenship under subsection (c) of this section.
(b) Noncitizens eligible for posthumous citizenship
A person referred to in subsection (a) of this section is a person who, while an alien or a noncitizen national of the United States—
(1) served honorably in an active-duty status in the military, air, or naval forces of the United States during any period described in the first sentence of section 1440 (a) of this title,
(3) satisfied the requirements of clause (1) or (2) of the first sentence of section 1440 (a) of this title.
The executive department under which the person so served shall determine whether the person satisfied the requirements of paragraphs (1) and (2).
(c) Requests for posthumous citizenship
(1) In general
A request for the granting of posthumous citizenship to a person described in subsection (b) of this section may be filed on behalf of that person—
(A) upon locating the next-of-kin, and if so requested by the next-of-kin, by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary’s designee with the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services in the Department of Homeland Security immediately upon the death of that person; or
The Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services shall approve a request for posthumous citizenship filed by the next-of-kin in accordance with paragraph (1)(B) if—
(A) the request is filed not later than 2 years after—
whichever date is later;
(B) the request is accompanied by a duly authenticated certificate from the executive department under which the person served which states that the person satisfied the requirements of paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) of this section; and
(d) Documentation of posthumous citizenship
If the Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services approves the request referred to in subsection (c) of this section, the Director shall send to the next-of-kin of the person who is granted citizenship, a suitable document which states that the United States considers the person to have been a citizen of the United States at the time of the person’s death.
Source(June 27, 1952, ch. 477, title III, ch. 2, § 329A, as added Pub. L. 101–249, § 2(a),Mar. 6, 1990, 104 Stat. 94; Pub. L. 107–273, div. C, title I, § 11030(b),Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1836; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title XVII, §§ 1703(g), 1704,Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1695, 1696.)
November 24, 2003, referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(A)(i), was in the original “the date of enactment of this section”, which was translated as meaning the date of enactment of Pub. L. 108–136, which enacted subsec. (c) of this section, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
2003—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–136, § 1703(g)(2), substituted “Secretary of Homeland Security” for “Attorney General” in two places.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–136, § 1704(1), added heading and text of subsec. (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which related to procedures for approval by the Attorney General of a request for the granting of posthumous citizenship.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108–136, § 1704(2), added heading and text of subsec. (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which read as follows: “If the Attorney General approves such a request to grant a person posthumous citizenship, the Attorney General shall send to the individual who filed the request a suitable document which states that the United States considers the person to have been a citizen of the United States at the time of the person’s death.”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–136, § 1703(g)(1), struck out heading and text of subsec. (e). Text read as follows: “Nothing in this section or section 1430 (d) of this title shall be construed as providing for any benefits under this chapter for any spouse, son, daughter, or other relative of a person granted posthumous citizenship under this section.”
2002—Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 107–273substituted “November 2, 2002,” for “March 6, 1990,”.
Effective Date of 2003 Amendment