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Agriculture: An Overview

Agriculture includes soil preparation, seed planting, crop harvesting, gardening, horticulture, viticulture, apiculture (bee-raising), dairying, poultry, and ranching. Generally, laws grouped under the heading "agricultural law" relate to the production of the fruits of these activities as they are carried out in a commercial setting.

There are numerous federal statutes that subsidize, regulate or otherwise directly affect agricultural activity. Several focus on agricultural workers: The Federal Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act provides protection for migrant and seasonal agricultural workers (29 U.S.C. §§ 1802 et seq.). 42 U.S.C. §§ 1471 et seq. provides for financial assistance to farmers and others for the construction or improvement of farm housing and other agriculturally related purposes.

Some states have also passed statutes relating to agriculture production and labor. For example, Arizona has enacted legislation granting agricultural workers the right to organize and engage in collective bargaining activities.