Background facts are facts in a case that help an observer understand the origins of a specific legal issue or dispute. Background facts are not necessary to answer any question of law, it simply provides essential context. Additionally, background facts help judges and juries evaluate the motivations of the parties and evaluate the credibility of witnesses when presented in a court. For contrast, see adjudicative fact.
[Last updated in June of 2022 by the Wex Definitions Team]