criminal law

shoplifting

Shoplifting is generally defined as the unauthorized removal of merchandise from a store without paying for it, or intentionally paying less for an item than its sale price. However, shoplifting can include carrying, hiding, concealing, or...

sodomy

Sodomy refers to anal or oral intercourse. As explained in Bass v. State, “Sodomy is defined as any sexual act involving the sex organs of one person and the mouth or anus of another.”

Traditionally, sodomy has been...

solicitation

Solicitation is the inchoate offense of offering money to someone with the specific intent of inducing that person to commit a crime.

solitary confinement

Solitary confinement, also known as isolation or administrative segregation, is when a prisoner is placed in a cell away from other prisoners, with limited contact with others. Prisoners are usually placed in solitary confinement as a form...

spear phishing

Spear phishing refers to the practice of targeting a specific individual, group, or organization with a tailored fraudulent email for the purpose of gaining access to sensitive personal or professional information. Spear phishing is unique...

special circumstances

Some common uses of the term “special circumstances” in a legal sense include:

In the context of criminal law, special circumstances refer to those situations where criminal activities are executed with high disregard to society and/...

specific denial

Specific denial is the defendant's denial of specific material facts asserted in the plaintiff's complaint; in other words, a denial of parts of an allegation in a complaint. A circumstance in which the defendant does not deny all of the...

statutory rape

Statutory rape is defined by statute as an act of sexual intercourse with a person under the age of consent, which is considered to constitute rape under the law, whether the person is willing or not. In statutory rape, there is usually no...

stay of execution

Stay of execution is directed by a court to stop some form of enforcement action. A stay of execution can apply in many circumstances like stopping the sale of property in bankruptcy or the execution of a death penalty. When a stay of...

strict liability

**(Contrast with general intent and specific intent)**

Overview

In both tort and criminal law, strict liability exists when a defendant is liable for committing an action, regardless of what his/her intent or mental state was when...

Pages