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In international criminal law, extermination refers to the mass murder of a demographic group. Extermination is a crime against humanity codified in Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC). Extermination includes "the intentional infliction of conditions of life, inter alia the deprivation of access to food and medicine, calculated to bring about the destruction of part of a population."

[Last updated in October of 2022 by the Wex Definitions Team]