21 U.S. Code § 360d - Performance standards

(a) Reasonable assurance of safe and effective performance; periodic evaluation
(1) The special controls required by section 360c (a)(1)(B) of this title shall include performance standards for a class II device if the Secretary determines that a performance standard is necessary to provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device. A class III device may also be considered a class II device for purposes of establishing a standard for the device under subsection (b) of this section if the device has been reclassified as a class II device under an administrative order under section 360c (e) of this title (or a regulation promulgated under such section prior to July 9, 2012) but such order (or regulation) provides that the reclassification is not to take effect until the effective date of such a standard for the device.
(2) A performance standard established under subsection (b) of this section for a device—
(A) shall include provisions to provide reasonable assurance of its safe and effective performance;
(B) shall, where necessary to provide reasonable assurance of its safe and effective performance, include—
(i) provisions respecting the construction, components, ingredients, and properties of the device and its compatibility with power systems and connections to such systems,
(ii) provisions for the testing (on a sample basis or, if necessary, on an individual basis) of the device or, if it is determined that no other more practicable means are available to the Secretary to assure the conformity of the device to the standard, provisions for the testing (on a sample basis or, if necessary, on an individual basis) by the Secretary or by another person at the direction of the Secretary,
(iii) provisions for the measurement of the performance characteristics of the device,
(iv) provisions requiring that the results of each or of certain of the tests of the device required to be made under clause (ii) show that the device is in conformity with the portions of the standard for which the test or tests were required, and
(v) a provision requiring that the sale and distribution of the device be restricted but only to the extent that the sale and distribution of a device may be restricted under a regulation under section 360j (e) of this title; and
(C) shall, where appropriate, require the use and prescribe the form and content of labeling for the proper installation, maintenance, operation, and use of the device.
(3) The Secretary shall provide for periodic evaluation of performance standards established under subsection (b) of this section to determine if such standards should be changed to reflect new medical, scientific, or other technological data.
(4) In carrying out his duties under this subsection and subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable—
(A) use personnel, facilities, and other technical support available in other Federal agencies,
(B) consult with other Federal agencies concerned with standard-setting and other nationally or internationally recognized standard-setting entities, and
(C) invite appropriate participation, through joint or other conferences, workshops, or other means, by informed persons representative of scientific, professional, industry, or consumer organizations who in his judgment can make a significant contribution.
(b) Establishment of a standard
(1)
(A) The Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking for the establishment, amendment, or revocation of any performance standard for a device.
(B) A notice of proposed rulemaking for the establishment or amendment of a performance standard for a device shall—
(i) set forth a finding with supporting justification that the performance standard is appropriate and necessary to provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device,
(ii) set forth proposed findings with respect to the risk of illness or injury that the performance standard is intended to reduce or eliminate,
(iii) invite interested persons to submit to the Secretary, within 30 days of the publication of the notice, requests for changes in the classification of the device pursuant to section 360c (e) of this title based on new information relevant to the classification, and
(iv) invite interested persons to submit an existing performance standard for the device, including a draft or proposed performance standard, for consideration by the Secretary.
(C) A notice of proposed rulemaking for the revocation of a performance standard shall set forth a finding with supporting justification that the performance standard is no longer necessary to provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of a device.
(D) The Secretary shall provide for a comment period of not less than 60 days.
(2) If, after publication of a notice in accordance with paragraph (1), the Secretary receives a request for a change in the classification of the device, the Secretary shall, within 60 days of the publication of the notice, after consultation with the appropriate panel under section 360c of this title, either deny the request or give notice of an intent to initiate such change under section 360c (e) of this title.
(3)
(A) After the expiration of the period for comment on a notice of proposed rulemaking published under paragraph (1) respecting a performance standard and after consideration of such comments and any report from an advisory committee under paragraph (5), the Secretary shall (i) promulgate a regulation establishing a performance standard and publish in the Federal Register findings on the matters referred to in paragraph (1), or (ii) publish a notice terminating the proceeding for the development of the standard together with the reasons for such termination. If a notice of termination is published, the Secretary shall (unless such notice is issued because the device is a banned device under section 360f of this title) initiate a proceeding under section 360c (e) of this title to reclassify the device subject to the proceeding terminated by such notice.
(B) A regulation establishing a performance standard shall set forth the date or dates upon which the standard shall take effect, but no such regulation may take effect before one year after the date of its publication unless
(i) the Secretary determines that an earlier effective date is necessary for the protection of the public health and safety, or
(ii) such standard has been established for a device which, effective upon the effective date of the standard, has been reclassified from class III to class II. Such date or dates shall be established so as to minimize, consistent with the public health and safety, economic loss to, and disruption or dislocation of, domestic and international trade.
(4)
(A) The Secretary, upon his own initiative or upon petition of an interested person may by regulation, promulgated in accordance with the requirements of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3)(B) of this subsection, amend or revoke a performance standard.
(B) The Secretary may declare a proposed amendment of a performance standard to be effective on and after its publication in the Federal Register and until the effective date of any final action taken on such amendment if he determines that making it so effective is in the public interest. A proposed amendment of a performance standard made so effective under the preceding sentence may not prohibit, during the period in which it is so effective, the introduction or delivery for introduction into interstate commerce of a device which conforms to such standard without the change or changes provided by such proposed amendment.
(5)
(A) The Secretary—
(i) may on his own initiative refer a proposed regulation for the establishment, amendment, or revocation of a performance standard, or
(ii) shall, upon the request of an interested person which demonstrates good cause for referral and which is made before the expiration of the period for submission of comments on such proposed regulation refer such proposed regulation,
to an advisory committee of experts, established pursuant to subparagraph (B), for a report and recommendation with respect to any matter involved in the proposed regulation which requires the exercise of scientific judgment. If a proposed regulation is referred under this subparagraph to an advisory committee, the Secretary shall provide the advisory committee with the data and information on which such proposed regulation is based. The advisory committee shall, within sixty days of the referral of a proposed regulation and after independent study of the data and information furnished to it by the Secretary and other data and information before it, submit to the Secretary a report and recommendation respecting such regulation, together with all underlying data and information and a statement of the reason or basis for the recommendation. A copy of such report and recommendation shall be made public by the Secretary.
(B) The Secretary shall establish advisory committees (which may not be panels under section 360c of this title) to receive referrals under subparagraph (A). The Secretary shall appoint as members of any such advisory committee persons qualified in the subject matter to be referred to the committee and of appropriately diversified professional background, except that the Secretary may not appoint to such a committee any individual who is in the regular full-time employ of the United States and engaged in the administration of this chapter. Each such committee shall include as nonvoting members a representative of consumer interests and a representative of interests of the device manufacturing industry. Members of an advisory committee who are not officers or employees of the United States, while attending conferences or meetings of their committee or otherwise serving at the request of the Secretary, shall be entitled to receive compensation at rates to be fixed by the Secretary, which rates may not exceed the daily equivalent of the rate in effect for grade GS–18 of the General Schedule, for each day (including traveltime) they are so engaged; and while so serving away from their homes or regular places of business each member may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5 for persons in the Government service employed intermittently. The Secretary shall designate one of the members of each advisory committee to serve as chairman thereof. The Secretary shall furnish each advisory committee with clerical and other assistance, and shall by regulation prescribe the procedures to be followed by each such committee in acting on referrals made under subparagraph (A).
(c) Recognition of standard
(1)
(A) In addition to establishing a performance standard under this section, the Secretary shall, by publication in the Federal Register, recognize all or part of an appropriate standard established by a nationally or internationally recognized standard development organization for which a person may submit a declaration of conformity in order to meet a premarket submission requirement or other requirement under this chapter to which such standard is applicable.
(B) If a person elects to use a standard recognized by the Secretary under subparagraph (A) to meet the requirements described in such subparagraph, the person shall provide a declaration of conformity to the Secretary that certifies that the device is in conformity with such standard. A person may elect to use data, or information, other than data required by a standard recognized under subparagraph (A) to meet any requirement regarding devices under this chapter.
(2) The Secretary may withdraw such recognition of a standard through publication of a notice in the Federal Register if the Secretary determines that the standard is no longer appropriate for meeting a requirement regarding devices under this chapter.
(3)
(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall accept a declaration of conformity that a device is in conformity with a standard recognized under paragraph (1) unless the Secretary finds—
(i) that the data or information submitted to support such declaration does not demonstrate that the device is in conformity with the standard identified in the declaration of conformity; or
(ii) that the standard identified in the declaration of conformity is not applicable to the particular device under review.
(B) The Secretary may request, at any time, the data or information relied on by the person to make a declaration of conformity with respect to a standard recognized under paragraph (1).
(C) A person making a declaration of conformity with respect to a standard recognized under paragraph (1) shall maintain the data and information demonstrating conformity of the device to the standard for a period of two years after the date of the classification or approval of the device by the Secretary or a period equal to the expected design life of the device, whichever is longer.

Source

(June 25, 1938, ch. 675, § 514, as added Pub. L. 94–295, § 2,May 28, 1976, 90 Stat. 546; amended Pub. L. 94–460, title III, § 304,Oct. 8, 1976, 90 Stat. 1960; Pub. L. 101–629, §§ 6(a), (b)(1), 18 (b),Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4519, 4528; Pub. L. 102–300, § 6(g),June 16, 1992, 106 Stat. 241; Pub. L. 103–80, § 4(a)(1),Aug. 13, 1993, 107 Stat. 779; Pub. L. 105–115, title II, § 204(a), (d),Nov. 21, 1997, 111 Stat. 2335, 2336; Pub. L. 112–144, title VI, § 608(a)(2)(B),July 9, 2012, 126 Stat. 1056.)
Amendments

2012—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 112–144substituted “under an administrative order under section 360c (e) of this title (or a regulation promulgated under such section prior to July 9, 2012) but such order (or regulation)” for “under a regulation under section 360c (e) of this title but such regulation”.
1997—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 105–115, § 204(d)(1), substituted “under subsection (b) of this section” for “under this section”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 105–115, § 204(d)(2), substituted “under subsection (b) of this section” for “under this section” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 105–115, § 204(d)(3), substituted “under subsection (b) of this section” for “under this section”.
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 105–115, § 204(d)(4), substituted “this subsection and subsection (b) of this section” for “this section” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–115, § 204(a), added subsec. (c).
1993—Subsec. (b)(4)(B), (5)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 103–80amended directory language of Pub. L. 101–619, § 18(b), identical to amendment by Pub. L. 102–300, § 6(g)(1). See 1992 and 1990 Amendment notes below.
1992—Subsec. (b)(4)(B), (5)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 102–300made technical corrections to directory language of Pub. L. 101–629, § 18(b)(1), (2). See 1990 Amendment note below.
1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–629, § 6(a)(1), substituted “The special controls required by section 360c (a)(1)(B) of this title shall include performance standards for a class II device if the Secretary determines that a performance standard is necessary to provide reasonable assurance of the safety and effectiveness of the device.” for “The Secretary may by regulation, promulgated in accordance with this section, establish a performance standard for a class II device.”
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–629, § 6(a)(2), (3), redesignatedsubsec. (g) as (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which read as follows:
“(1) A proceeding for the development of a performance standard for a device shall be initiated by the Secretary by the publication in the Federal Register of notice of the opportunity to submit to the Secretary a request (within fifteen days of the date of the publication of the notice) for a change in the classification of the device based on new information relevant to its classification.
“(2) If, after publication of a notice pursuant to paragraph (1) the Secretary receives a request for a change in the device’s classification, he shall, within sixty days of the publication of such notice and after consultation with the appropriate panel under section 360c of this title, by order published in the Federal Register, either deny the request for change in classification or give notice of his intent to initiate such a change under section 360c (e) of this title.”
Subsec. (b)(1), (2). Pub. L. 101–629, § 6(a)(4), amended pars. (1) and (2) generally. Prior to amendment, pars. (1) and (2) read as follows:
“(1)(A) After publication pursuant to subsection (c) of this section of a notice respecting a performance standard for a device, the Secretary shall either—
“(i) publish, in the Federal Register in a notice of proposed rulemaking, a proposed performance standard for the device (I) developed by an offeror under such notice and accepted by the Secretary, (II) developed under subsection (c)(4) of this section, (III) accepted by the Secretary under subsection (d) of this section, or (IV) developed by him under subsection (f) of this section, or
“(ii) issue a notice in the Federal Register that the proceeding is terminated together with the reasons for such termination.
“(B) If the Secretary issues under subparagraph (A)(ii) a notice of termination of a proceeding to establish a performance standard for a device, he shall (unless such notice is issued because the device is a banned device under section 360f of this title) initiate a proceeding under section 360c (e) of this title to reclassify the device subject to the proceeding terminated by such notice.
“(2) A notice of proposed rulemaking for the establishment of a performance standard for a device published under paragraph (1)(A)(i) shall set forth proposed findings with respect to the degree of the risk of illness or injury designed to be eliminated or reduced by the proposed standard and the benefit to the public from the device.”
Subsec. (b)(3)(A)(i). Pub. L. 101–629, § 6(b)(1)(A), substituted “paragraph (1)” for “paragraph (2)”.
Subsec. (b)(4)(A). Pub. L. 101–629, § 6(b)(1)(B), substituted “paragraphs (1), (2), and (3)(B)” for “paragraphs (2) and (3)(B)”.
Subsec. (b)(4)(B). Pub. L. 101–629, § 18(b)(1), as amended by Pub. L. 102–300, § 6(g)(1), (2), andPub. L. 103–80, § 4(a)(1), struck out “, after affording all interested persons an opportunity for an informal hearing,” after “if he determines”.
Subsec. (b)(5)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 101–629, § 18(b)(2), as amended by Pub. L. 102–300, § 6(g)(1), (3), andPub. L. 103–80, § 4(a)(1), substituted “which demonstrates good cause for referral and which is made before the expiration of the period for submission of comments on such proposed regulation refer such proposed regulation,” for “unless the Secretary finds the request to be without good cause or the request is made after the expiration of the period for submission of comments on such proposed regulation refer such proposed regulation,”.
Subsecs. (c) to (f). Pub. L. 101–629, § 6(a)(2), struck out subsec. (c) relating to invitations for standards, subsec. (d) relating to acceptance of certain existing standards, subsec. (e) relating to acceptance of offers to develop standards, and subsec. (f) relating to development of standards by the Secretary after publication of notice inviting submissions or offers of standards.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 101–629, § 6(a)(3), redesignatedsubsec. (g) as (b).
1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–460redesignated pars. (4) and (5) as (3) and (4), respectively. Section as originally enacted contained no par. (3).
Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–115effective 90 days after Nov. 21, 1997, except as otherwise provided, see section 501 ofPub. L. 105–115, set out as a note under section 321 of this title.
References in Other Laws to GS–16, 17, or 18 Pay Rates

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS–16, 17, or 18, or to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be considered references to rates payable under specified sections of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529 [title I, § 101(c)(1)] of Pub. L. 101–509, set out in a note under section 5376 of Title 5.
Termination of Advisory Committees

Advisory committees in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, and advisory committees established after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period beginning on the date of their establishment, unless in the case of a committee established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such committee is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a committee established by Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. See section 14 ofPub. L. 92–463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


21 CFR - Food and Drugs

21 CFR Part 3 - PRODUCT JURISDICTION

21 CFR Part 4 - REGULATION OF COMBINATION PRODUCTS

21 CFR Part 5 - ORGANIZATION

21 CFR Part 7 - ENFORCEMENT POLICY

21 CFR Part 10 - ADMINISTRATIVE PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES

21 CFR Part 11 - ELECTRONIC RECORDS; ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES

21 CFR Part 12 - FORMAL EVIDENTIARY PUBLIC HEARING

21 CFR Part 13 - PUBLIC HEARING BEFORE A PUBLIC BOARD OF INQUIRY

21 CFR Part 14 - PUBLIC HEARING BEFORE A PUBLIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE

21 CFR Part 15 - PUBLIC HEARING BEFORE THE COMMISSIONER

21 CFR Part 16 - REGULATORY HEARING BEFORE THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION

21 CFR Part 20 - PUBLIC INFORMATION

21 CFR Part 25 - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT CONSIDERATIONS

21 CFR Part 26 - MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN...DEVICE PRODUCT EVALUATION REPORTS: UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY

21 CFR Part 50 - PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS

21 CFR Part 54 - FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE BY CLINICAL INVESTIGATORS

21 CFR Part 56 - INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS

21 CFR Part 58 - GOOD LABORATORY PRACTICE FOR NONCLINICAL LABORATORY STUDIES

21 CFR Part 71 - COLOR ADDITIVE PETITIONS

21 CFR Part 310 - NEW DRUGS

21 CFR Part 570 - FOOD ADDITIVES

21 CFR Part 571 - FOOD ADDITIVE PETITIONS

21 CFR Part 610 - GENERAL BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS STANDARDS

21 CFR Part 660 - ADDITIONAL STANDARDS FOR DIAGNOSTIC SUBSTANCES FOR LABORATORY TESTS

21 CFR Part 809 - IN VITRO DIAGNOSTIC PRODUCTS FOR HUMAN USE

21 CFR Part 812 - INVESTIGATIONAL DEVICE EXEMPTIONS

21 CFR Part 814 - PREMARKET APPROVAL OF MEDICAL DEVICES

21 CFR Part 820 - QUALITY SYSTEM REGULATION

21 CFR Part 830 - UNIQUE DEVICE IDENTIFICATION

21 CFR Part 860 - MEDICAL DEVICE CLASSIFICATION PROCEDURES

21 CFR Part 861 - PROCEDURES FOR PERFORMANCE STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT

 

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