(2) Any shareholder, affiliate, consultant, or joint venture partner of a regulated entity, and any other person, as determined by the Director (by regulation or on a case-by-case basis) that participates in the conduct of the affairs of a regulated entity, provided that a member of a Bank shall not be deemed to have participated in the affairs of that Bank solely by virtue of being a shareholder of, and obtaining advances from, that Bank;
(3) Any independent contractor for a regulated entity (including any attorney, appraiser, or accountant), if—
(i) The independent contractor knowingly or recklessly participates in—
(A) Any violation of any law or regulation;
(B) Any breach of fiduciary duty; or
(C) Any unsafe or unsound practice; and
(ii) Such violation, breach, or practice caused, or is likely to cause, more than a minimal financial loss to, or a significant adverse effect on, the regulated entity;
(4) Any not-for-profit corporation that receives its principal funding, on an ongoing basis, from any regulated entity; and
(2) The term “golden parachute payment” shall not include:
(i) Any payment made pursuant to a pension or retirement plan which is qualified (or is intended within a reasonable period of time to be qualified) under section 401 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 401) or pursuant to a pension or other retirement plan which is governed by the laws of any foreign country;
(ii) Any payment made pursuant to a bona fide deferred compensation plan or arrangement which the Director determines, by regulation or order, to be permissible; or
(iii) Any payment made by reason of death or by reason of termination caused by the disability of an entity-affiliated party.
(3) Any payment which would be a golden parachute payment but for the fact that such payment was made before the date referred to in paragraph (f)(1)(ii) shall be treated as a golden parachute payment if the payment was made in contemplation of the occurrence of an event described that paragraph.
(1) Is subject to a cease-and-desist order or written agreement issued by the FHFA that requires action to improve the financial condition of the regulated entity or is subject to a proceeding initiated by the Director, which contemplates the issuance of an order that requires action to improve the financial condition of the regulated entity, unless otherwise informed in writing by the FHFA; or
(2) Is informed in writing by the Director that it is in a troubled condition for purposes of the requirements of this part on the basis of the regulated entity's most recent report of examination or other information available to the FHFA.