31 CFR 501.701 - Penalties.

§ 501.701 Penalties.

(a) Attention is directed to section 16 of the TWEA, as adjusted pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 ( Pub. L. 101-410, as amended, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note), which provides that:

(1) Persons who willfully violate any provision of TWEA or any license, rule, or regulation issued thereunder, and persons who willfully violate, neglect, or refuse to comply with any order of the President issued in compliance with the provisions of TWEA shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $1,000,000 or, if an individual, be fined not more than $100,000 or imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both; and an officer, director, or agent of any corporation who knowingly participates in such violation shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $100,000 or imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both.

Note to paragraph (a)(1):

As of January 15, 2017, TWEA provides for a maximum civil penalty not to exceed $85,236.

(2) Any property, funds, securities, papers, or other articles or documents, or any vessel, together with its tackle, apparel, furniture, and equipment, concerned in a violation of TWEA may upon conviction be forfeited to the United States Government.

(3) The Secretary of the Treasury may impose a civil penalty of not more than $85,236 per violation on any person who violates any license, order, or regulation issued under TWEA.

Note to paragraph (a)(3):

The current civil penalty cap may be adjusted for inflation pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 ( Pub. L. 101-410, as amended, 28 U.S.C. 2461 note).

(4) Any property, funds, securities, papers, or other articles or documents, or any vessel, together with its tackle, apparel, furniture, and equipment, that is the subject of a violation subject to a civil penalty issued pursuant to TWEA shall, at the discretion of the Secretary of the Treasury, be forfeited to the United States Government.

(b) The criminal penalties provided in TWEA are subject to increase pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 3571 which, when read in conjunction with section 16 of TWEA, provides that persons convicted of violating TWEA may be fined up to the greater of either $250,000 for individuals and $1,000,000 for organizations or twice the pecuniary gain or loss from the violation.

(c) Attention is directed to 18 U.S.C. 1001, which provides that whoever, in any matter within the jurisdiction of any department or agency of the United States, knowingly and willfully falsifies, conceals or covers up by any trick, scheme, or device a material fact, or makes any false, fictitious or fraudulent statements or representations, or makes or uses any false writing or document knowing the same to contain any false, fictitious or fraudulent statement or entry, shall be fined under title 18, United States Code, or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.

[ 68 FR 53642, Sept. 11, 2003, as amended at 68 FR 61361, Oct. 28, 2003; 81 FR 43073, July 1, 2016; 82 FR 10435, Feb. 10, 2017]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 8 - ALIENS AND NATIONALITY
U.S. Code: Title 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
U.S. Code: Title 19 - CUSTOMS DUTIES
U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS
U.S. Code: Title 22 - FOREIGN RELATIONS AND INTERCOURSE
U.S. Code: Title 28 - JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
U.S. Code: Title 31 - MONEY AND FINANCE
U.S. Code: Title 50, APPENDIX - WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE

50a U.S. Code Rule - Designation of Act

50a U.S. Code Rule - Definitions

50a U.S. Code Rule - Acts prohibited

50a U.S. Code Rule - Licenses to enemy or ally of enemy insurance or reinsurance companies; change of name; doing business in United States

50a U.S. Code Rule - Suspension of provisions relating to ally of enemy; regulation of transactions in foreign exchange of gold or silver, property transfers, vested interests, enforcement and penalties

50a U.S. Code Rule - Alien Property Custodian; general powers and duties

50a U.S. Code Rule - Incurment of expenses by Office of Alien Property Custodian

50a U.S. Code Rule - Omitted

50a U.S. Code Rule - Lists of enemy or ally of enemy officers, directors or stockholders of corporations in United States; acts constituting trade...voluntary payment to custodian by holder; acts under order, rule, or regulation

50a U.S. Code Rule - Contracts, mortgages, or pledges against or with enemy or ally of enemy; abrogation of contracts; suspension of limitations

50a U.S. Code Rule - Claims to property transferred to custodian; notice of claim; filing; return of property; suits to recover; sale of claimed property in time of war or during national emergency

50a U.S. Code Rule - Acts permitted; applications for patents, or registration of trade-marks or copyrights; payment of tax in relation...against licensees; restraining infringements; powers of attorney; keeping secret inventions

50a U.S. Code Rule - Importations prohibited

50a U.S. Code Rule - Property transferred to Alien Property Custodian

50a U.S. Code Rule - Statements by masters of vessels and owners of cargoes before granting clearances

50a U.S. Code Rule - False manifest; refusal of clearance; reports of gold or silver coin in cargoes for export

50a U.S. Code Rule - Omitted

50a U.S. Code Rule - Offenses; punishment; forfeitures of property

50a U.S. Code Rule - Rules by district courts; appeals

50a U.S. Code Rule - Jurisdiction of courts of Philippines and Canal Zone of offenses

50a U.S. Code Rule - Print, newspaper or publication in foreign languages

50a U.S. Code Rule - Fees of agents, attorneys, or representatives

50a U.S. Code Rule - Claims of naturalized citizens as affected by expatriation

50a U.S. Code Rule - Fugitives from justice barred from recovery

50a U.S. Code Rule - Payment of income, etc., by Alien Property Custodian

50a U.S. Code Rule - Payment of taxes and expenses by Alien Property Custodian

50a U.S. Code Rule - Investments by Custodian in participating certificates issued by Secretary of the Treasury; transfers to and payments from German, Austrian or Hungarian special deposit accounts; allocation of payments

50a U.S. Code Rule - Allocation of “unallocated interest fund”

50a U.S. Code Rule - Return by Custodian, to United States, of payments under licenses, assignments or sales of patents

50a U.S. Code Rule - “Unallocated interest fund” defined

50a U.S. Code Rule - Waiver by Custodian of demand for property; acceptance of less amount; approval of Attorney General

50a U.S. Code Rule - Attachment or garnishment of funds or property held by Custodian

50a U.S. Code Rule - “Member of the former ruling family” defined

50a U.S. Code Rule - Return of property

50a U.S. Code Rule - Notice of claim; institution of suits; computation of time

50a U.S. Code Rule - Payment of debts

50a U.S. Code Rule - Hearings on claims; rules and regulations; delegation of powers

50a U.S. Code Rule - Taxes

50a U.S. Code Rule - Insurance of property

50a U.S. Code Rule - Shipment of relief supplies; definitions

50a U.S. Code Rule - Retention of properties or interests of Germany and Japan and their nationals; proceeds covered into Treasury; ex gratia payment to Switzerland

50a U.S. Code Rule - Intercustodial conflicts involving enemy property; authority of President to conclude; delegation of authority

50a U.S. Code Rule - Divestment of estates, trusts, insurance policies, annuities, remainders, pensions, workmen’s compensation and veterans’ benefits; exceptions; notice of divestment

50a U.S. Code Rule - Claims for proceeds from sale of certain certificates: jurisdiction, limitations; divestment of copyrights: “copyrights” defined,...interests, payment of royalties to Attorney General, suits for infringement

50a U.S. Code Rule - Divestment of trademarks

50a U.S. Code Rule - Motion picture prints, transfer of title

U.S. Code: Title 50 - WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE
Presidential Documents

Executive Order ... 9989